Qigong <ul><li>The ancient practise of Qigong dates back many millenia. Using breathing and movements it is one of the oldest ways of staying fit and healthy. </li></ul>
The Yellow Emperor Huangdi, the legendary Yellow Emperor, reigned from 2697BC to 2597BC and his soldiers were taught ‘’Horn Butting” or “Jiao Li” to use against enemy armies. This is one of the oldest know martial art.
2000BC the earliest pictures Martial arts have evolved around the world where ever there was a need to protect yourself, your family and survive. This picture is the earliest dipication of martial arts showing wrestling techniques taken from Egypt.
Confucius Lends a Hand Confucius was a Chinese philosopher born in 551B.C. His work has had massive influences in and around China. His wrote about his philosophies and teachings in the ‘Anelects of Confucius’. His work inspired many martial artists including the infamous Yip Man (Ye Wen).
Jiao Li and the Classic of Rites <ul><li>The Yellow Empires ‘Jaio Di’ focused on grappling techniques and was used to gore enemy soldiers. As it evolved and introduced locks, strikes and pressure points it became known as Jaio Li. It’s practise is recorded in the famous book the ‘Classic of the Rites’. This original text is believed to have been compiled by Confucius himself. </li></ul>
Bodhidharma travels to China Bodhidharma was an Indian buddhist monk who travelled to China during the 5 th Century. Legend has it that Bodhidharma was concerned by the poor health of the monks at that time and introduced martial arts training to combat ill health. Many also believe he was responsible for Yi Jin Jing, an exercise system that creates a healthy body from the inside out.
Yi Jin Jing for Health & Strength Yi Jin Jing training is made of posturing, stretching, breathing and rotating. According to traditional ideas - The first year of training gives back physical and mental vitality - The second year enhances blood circulation and nurtures meridians - The third year allows flexibility to muscles and nurtures the organs - The forth year meridians are better and viscera are nurtured - The fifth year the marrow is washed and the brain is nurtured.
The Shaolin Temple & Kung Fu The Shaolin Temple where Bodhirdharma settled is home to the legendary martial artists, the Shaolin Monks. The martial arts served as a means to stay healthy and defend the temple against raids from bandits. The Shaolin Temple would go on to influence martial arts around the world.
Kung Fu Styles <ul><li>One Kung Fu legend is that 18 masters were invited to the Shaolin Temple – each an expert in their own style where they shared and pooled their knowledge during the 12 th and 13 th century. Some of the most famous systems are: </li></ul>Monkey Kung Fu Created by Tai Sheun created this style after watching monkey’s fighting. He combined the skills and tactics he learnt watching the monkey’s with his own Tei Tong style. Preying Mantis Kung Fu Named after the animal this aggressive style uses strong forearms and tough conditioning exercises to build a strong body. Animal movements from Monkey Kung Fu Statue at of Preying Mantis at Shaolin Temple
Hsing-I from Shaolin Principles <ul><li>The internal martial art Hsing I dates back to 960A.D. Believed to have originated from Shaolin principles the Hsing I (or Xingyiquan) uses relaxation, chi and emphasises that martial arts should be effective into old age – a unique feature of many internal kung fu styles. </li></ul>
Kung Fu Travels to Japan <ul><li>In 1372 some Chinese martial arts were introduced to. Trade relations brought Chinese families to the island of Ryukyu. They set up small communities and started to share Chinese arts and sciences including the Chinese martial arts . With time the martial art spread throughout Japan and new martial art styles were created. </li></ul>
Chen Style Tai Chi Tai Chi, the ‘Supreme Ultimate Fist’ is one of the most popular Chinese martial arts worldwide. They style dates back to the 1600s and legend has it that a Taoist Monk created the style. Using special ‘Pushing hands’ exercises Tai Chi focuses on an awareness of mind, body and chi.
Confucian Martial Artists <ul><li>Since their origin martial arts have been associated with health, longevity and philosophical teachings. One of the most famous Confucian followers and martial artist is the late Yip May or (Ye Wen) who taught Bruce Lee – the most famous martial artist of that time. </li></ul>Yip Man on the wooden dummy Hong Kong Awards ‘Best film winner’ – Ip Man
Chinese Cinema <ul><li>Chinese cinema brought the world Kung Fu films and helped them to fourish around the world. Bruce Lee, Jackie Chan and Jet Li have all become household names – demonstrating they martial skill, amazing condition and helping promote Chinese kung fu. </li></ul>Bruce Lee brought martial arts to the Western world and sadly died at only 32 year of age. One of Kung Fu most famous and respected film stars – Jackie Chan. Jet Li who’s most was asked by President Nixon of the USA to be his bodyguard. Jet Li politely declined.
Modern Day Wushu <ul><li>Wushu is an exhibition and full-contact martial art created in 1949. Made up of two components – forms & sparring (Sanda). With hundreds of kung fu style around Wushu created a standardised platform for Chinese martial arts. </li></ul><ul><li>The 2008 Olympic Games held in Beijing allowed Wushu to be showcased to the world as a Wushu Tournament was run in parallel with the games. Over 128 competitors from 43 countries participated in the 15 Taolu and Sanshou events. </li></ul>Using the nangun (staff) at the 10 th All China games. Sanda (or Sanshou) is often performed on a raised platform.