4G Mobile Opportunities & Challenges in Indonesia

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4G Mobile Opportunities & Challenges in Indonesia

  1. 1. Kuncoro Wastuwibowo, PT Telekomunikasi IndonesiaArief Hamdani Gunawan, PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia4G International Forum, Sheraton Taipei, 13 July 2010
  2. 2. Population 240m• #4 Population in the WorldInternet user 35m (15% of population)• #5 Internet market in Asia (after PRC, Japan, India, Korea)• #1 Facebook users in Asia (24m, #3 in the world after US & UK)• #1 Twitter users in AsiaMobile penetration 150m (63%)• 80% in youngsters• Opera Mini user #1 in the World (just beating Russia)Credit card owner 11.5m in 2008
  3. 3. Great potential of user-generated content Growing interests in developing Internet & mobile applicationsOpen, fresh market to accept new way ofconversation & transaction
  4. 4. A public company Expands its business in(NYSE:TLK, IDX:TLKM, LS 2009 to include E:TKID), owned 51% by telecommunications, info the government of the rmation, media, and Republic of Indonesia. education.Market share in GSM 51% (through its subsidiary Forbes-684 in 2010Telkomsel), and in CDMA 2000 1x 60%.
  5. 5. Telkomsel (subsidiary)• Carries out GSM/3G network throughout Indonesia• Started the R&D and trial of LTE in Jakarta.• Started the R&D and trial of HSPA+ in Bali and Sumatra• Partner: Ericsson, NSN, ZTE, HuaweiTelkomFlexi• Carries out FWA business with CDMA 2000 1x• Trial of EVDO in East Java. Start implementation in Q4/2010.(WiMAX)• Started deploying WiMAX in Indonesia (scheduled Q4/2010)
  6. 6. • selecting 2009-2010 • official 2015 candidate • developing implementation • wide technologies detailed deployment specification 2008-2009 2010-2012
  7. 7. 4G is Not OnlyAbout Network
  8. 8. Market ContentNetwork Application
  9. 9. 100Peak data rate transmission (Mb/s) 4G 10 EVDO HSPA EVDO 1 EVDO W-CDMA 0.1 EDGE CDMA-1X CDMA-2000 0.01 GPRS GSM 0.001
  10. 10. Fast LTE 4G Medium Mobile WiMAX Slow 3G 2010 Fixed WiMAX MovableStationary WLAN Hiperlan /2 2000 0.1 1 10 100
  11. 11. Basic Feature High Smart WisePhones Phones End Phones Phones Phones (^^)v
  12. 12. Indigo• “Indigo” is a platform to attract & support more development of local content & application through partnership, incubation, aggregation.IPTV• Next step after “broadband network”• Creating contexts for mobile broadband (4G) network.SDP• Facilitating existing services to grow beyond their traditional platforms• Facilitating the new services
  13. 13. Web 2.0 3rd Party Content & ApplicationCommon IT Centric Part OSS / BSSEnablers 3rd Party Content Service Orchestration Gateway Administration Map Orderinterface Content mgmt SOA Security SOA Registry Discovery Governance Identity Policy Device Service mgmt Administration Independence provisioningLocation / Enterprise Service Bus Charging &presence billing CustomerMessaging Network Centric Part self care App App App App App App OSS / BSSCustomer Customer data Gateway care Service Brokering Service IVR Network Abstraction monitoring Online Protocol & Resource Adaptors Servicecharging assurance Devices Network PC Mobile TV IMS Client PSTN Mobile DSL IPTV IMS
  14. 14. Incumbent cellularproviders Oligopolistic LTE-basedEvolved networks networks face a competitivetoward 4G fringe of WiMAX-based operators.Closed-platform &walled-garden service Consumers’ preferncesprovision supported on flexible access and new commercial relations Policy-Based Cognitive Radio with providers. ManagementMultiple, new operatorssetting up WiFi & WiMAX Autonomicnetworks Computing Dynamic Pricing Users: •Choice: on-spot, multi-Wireless broadband selectionaccess to Internet Hybrid architecture •Service: customised, mobile •Value: value-enhancedFlexible, agile network servicesdevelopment •Price: dynamic pricing
  15. 15. Network Management Cellular Metropolitan Short-Range Network reconfiguration management 3G 4G WiMAX WiMAX II WiFi WiFi NG (806.16m) (802.11g) (802.11m) Terminal P1900.4 Terminal P1900.4 DSA-enabled IEEE Radios P1900.4 Legacyterminal Terminal Terminal reconfiguration reconfiguration management management
  16. 16. Service Service Context PervasivenessDiscovery Composition Management
  17. 17. 4G 3G 2GRysavy Research projection based on historical data. Saturation of 2G < LTE Introduction Timing < Saturation of 3G (after 2010) (before 2020)
  18. 18. Scenarios Today LTE Deployment Important Prerequisites: GSM GSM GSM to LTE LTE •Technology maturity •Demand 3G1X •Frequency allocation 3G 1X EV-DO Rev A/B 3G 1X LTE CDMA Pessimistic Scenario Optimistic Scenario to LTE Other: 3G 1X 3G 1X •Efficiency EV-DO Rev A/B EV-DO Rev A LTE •Scalability GSM GSM GSM UMTS UMTS UMTS LTEW-CDMA Pessimistic Scenario Optimistic Scenario to LTE GSM GSM UMTS UMTS LTE The LTE introduction for wireless operator
  19. 19. 3GPP IP Access (HSPA, HSPA+) S3/S4 LTE / SAE S2EUTRAN EPC S1 S2 Non 3GPP WLAN 3GPP IP Access IP Access (EV-DO Rev A/B) The S2, S3, S4 interface enable SAE to provide flexibility
  20. 20. 3GPP Suitable to support: IP Access Existing GSM/W-CDMA in rural areas (HSPA, HSPA+) S3/S4 LTE / SAE S2 EUTRAN EPC S1Suitable to support: S2•(Optimizing) current wireline Non 3GPPinfrastructure WLAN 3GPP•High reliability IP Access IP Access•New wireless deployment (EV-DO Rev A/B) Suitable to support: Existing CDMA in rural areas The S2, S3, S4 interface enable SAE to provide flexibility
  21. 21. Source: Informa’s Mobile Access at Home Report
  22. 22. BWA (Broadband Wireless Access)3.3 GHz allocation (migration) 2.3 GHz allocation 3.3 GHz implementation 2.3 GHz implementation Bidding
  23. 23. There are three principal economic justifications for relying on exclusive licenses: 1. Spectrum scarcity: views spectrum as an Spectrum economic good and focuses on the role of scarcity markets in allocating that good. 2. Investment incentives: focuses on the need to provide users and providers withInvestment Interference appropriate incentives to invest in network incentives management equipment and services. 3. Interference management: recognizes that even when spectrum is not “scarce,” it may be necessary to coordinate user behavior to allow users to share spectrum without adversely impacting or “interfering” with each other.
  24. 24. Zoning Shared Bidding Band Frequency Exclusivity BeautyMigration Contest FDD / TDD
  25. 25. 2.3 GHz and 3.3 GHz1. North Sumatera 8. Bali & Nusa Tenggara2. Central Sumatera 9. Papua3. South Sumatera 10. Maluku & North Maluku4. Banten & Jabotabek 11. South Sulawesi (Jakarta, Bogor Tangerang, Bekasi) 12. North Sulawesi5. West Java 13. West Kalimantan6. Central Java 14. East Kalimantan7. East Java 15. Riau Islands
  26. 26. 8 Blocks – 12.5 MHzBlock Allocation (GHz) 3.3 GHz: FDD to TDD 1 3.300 – 3.3125 2 3312.5 – 3.325 3.4 - 3.6 GHz: migrate to 3.3 GHz (TDD) 3 3.325 – 3.375 4 3.375 – 3.350 5 3.350 – 3.3625 6 3.3625 – 3.375 7 3.375 – 3.3875 8 3.3875 – 3.400
  27. 27. 8 Operators (15 Zone – 12.5 MHz ) Zone Blocks 3.300 – 3.3125 3312.5 – 3.325 3.325 – 3.375 3.375 – 3.350 3.350 – 3.3625 3.3625 – 3.375 3.375 – 3.38751. North Sumatera LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM CSM2. Central Sumatera LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM3. South Sumatera LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM4. Banten & Jabotabek CORBEC JASNIKOM LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM CSM5. West Java CORBEC LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM CSM6. Central Java LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM CSM7. East Java LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM CSM8. Bali & Nusa Tenggara LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM RABIK CSM9. Papua10. Maluku & North Maluku LINTASARTA11. South Sulawesi LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM12. North Sulawesi LINTASARTA INDOSAT13. West Kalimantan LINTASARTA STARKOM TELKOM14. East Kalimantan LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM TELKOM15. Riau Islands LINTASARTA INDOSAT STARKOM
  28. 28. 3 from 15 Blocks – 15 and 10 MHzBlock Allocation (GHz) 1 2.300 – 2.305 2360 – 2390 MHz: bidding, band basis 2 2.305 – 2.310 3 2.310 – 2.315 2390 – 2400 MHz: USO, tower/coordinate basis 4 2.315 – 2.320 5 2.320 – 2.325 6 2.325 – 2.330 7 2.330 – 2.335 8 2.335 – 2340 9 2.340 – 2.345 10 2.345 – 2.350 11 2.350 – 2.355 12 2.355 – 2.360 13 2.360 – 2375 14 2.375 – 2.390 15 2.390 – 2.400
  29. 29. 8 Operators (15 Zone – 15 MHz ) Zone Operators1. North Sumatera FIRST MEDIA BERCA2. Central Sumatera BERCA BERCA3. South Sumatera BERCA BERCA4. Banten & Jabotabek FIRST MEDIA INTERNUX5. West Java COMTRONICS + ADIWARTA PERDANIA INDOSAT6. Central Java TELKOM COMTRONICS + ADIWARTA PERDANIA7. East Java COMTRONICS + ADIWARTA PERDANIA TELKOM
  30. 30. 8 Operators (15 Zone – 15 MHz ) Zone Operators8. Bali & Nusa Tenggara BERCA BERCA9. Papua TELKOM WIMAX INDONESIA10. Maluku & North Maluku TELKOM WIMAX INDONESIA11. South Sulawesi BERCA BERCA12. North Sulawesi TELKOM JASNITA13. West Kalimantan BERCA BERCA14. East Kalimantan BERCA BERCA15. Riau Islands BERCA WIMAX INDONESIA
  31. 31. • Telkom Indonesia • Telkom Indonesia • Multimedia Division • Telematics Regulatory (Senior Service Creation (Senior Officer) Analyst) • IEEE• IEEE Communications Society • Indonesia Section (Vice • Indonesia Chapter (Chairman) Chairman)• Internetworking Indonesia • IEEE Communications Society • Editor • Indonesia Chapter (Past Chair)Kuncoro Arief HamdaniWastuwibowo Gunawan

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