SMT SHANTABEN HARIBHAI GAJERA CHARITABLE TRUST, SURAT MANAGED LAXMI INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL, SARIGAM CBSE AFFILIATION NO.: 430119; SCHOOL CODE NO.: 13082 SCHOOL SAFETY GUIDE “A GREEN AND SAFE CAMPUS” Laxmi Vidyapeeth, Post Bag No. 15, Sarigam P. O., Valsad – 396 155, Gujrat, India Phone: 0260 – 2786661 / 2 / 3 ; Fax: 0260 – 2786665 www.laxmividyapeeth.com; email@example.com
CONTENTS1. A step towards ‘Safe Campus’ 2. Zone lists 3. Zone wise Threats and Precautions 4. Do’s and Don’ts Flood, Earthquake, Cyclone/Storm Medical Emergencies School Bus accident Fire Snake Bites Monsoon / Winter / Summer Outdoor Visits Hostage / Kidnapping Act of Terror
A STEP TOWARDS ‘SAFE CAMPUS’ No task is as important as creating safe learning environment for our Laxmi International School students. It is the prior most duty of the School to ensure the parents a safe hand over their children. Every year hundreds of children are victims of various calamities and hazards in the school area, in this nation. We need to take some concrete steps and know many aspects to overcome any mishaps in and around the school area. For example, does the staff or children know the chain of command in case of an incident? Does everyone know who is responsible for what in an emergency? Do all teachers know what they would do if confronted with a situation of fire in a classroom? Have the entrance and exit been checked to ensure clear access to open spaces? These are just few questions to be revisited periodically. This booklet essentially highlights the School Safety guidelines and measures to create a safer school environment.
ZONE LISTKnow your Zone:The whole campus is divided into various geographical zones. The staff needs to be aware of the possible threats in each area which will help them to be proactive than reactive. Each area is been allotted with a team who is responsible for any kind of help in an emergency. Zone Diagram
ZONE WISE THREATS AND PRECAUTIONSZONE NO.1: PLAZA Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Main Gate Unauthorized Entry / Keep the main gate closed. Security‐in‐ Exit, Fast moving charge vehicles Do not allow any visitor in Security at Gate without entry in the visitor’s register. Provide them with Visitor Pass and collect it back while leaving the campus. Keep checks on the speed limit of the vehicles moving in and out. Do not allow any visitor to enter the campus after 09.00 p.m. Do not allow any student to cross the main gate if not in the prescribed vehicle. Private vehicles with prior permission to pick up the students shall only have entry in the school campus. Use safety mechanisms to handle any intruder. Any School vehicle moving in and out of the campus after the school hours shall have an entry in the register.
Plaza Electric Shocks, Fire Ensure the care in using all Repairs and electric points. Maintenance Personnel Do not open or touch telecom/electric/networking cabinet unauthorized. Don’t Plug in more than one pin in a single plug point. Always keep all the windows and doors clear for emergency exit. ZONE No. 2: PRE-PRIMARY DIVISION Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Class Rooms Falls /Injuries Don’t allow the Class Teachers students to stand on the tables or chairs, run in the classrooms or push each other. Stay away from the open windows Fire Don’t panic, make Principal prompt use of fire Class Teachers extinguisher. Evacuate the classrooms immediately. Keep the classroom doors clear from any obstacles for exit. Stampede Move in and out of the Principal classroom in queue Class Teachers
Avoid push/pull in the classrooms Avoid touching and Principal playing with switch Administrative Staff boards. Class teachers Electric Shocks/ Short Avoid touching the circuits electric points with wet hands. Don’t plug in any electrical appliances without permission and supervision of the teachers. Terrace Falls Hold the railings while Principal classrooms going up and down. Class Teachers Assistants Avoid push/pull on the staircase. Don’t allow to drop any object from the staircase. Don’t sit or wait on the staircase. Don’t allow any student to cross the terrace classroom boarders. K.G. Park Reptiles/ Avoid crossing through Principal Insects/ border plants/shrubs. Class Teachers Thrones Assistants Avoid going into thick Security Guard grass and plants at the corners. Avoid rolling on the
lawn. Always recreate under adult supervision. Falls Avoid push or pulls on the rides and swings. Use swings and rides only under adult supervision. Administrative Short Circuit / Don’t Plug in more than Principal Area Fire one pin in a single plug Admin Staff point. Assistants Always keep all the windows and doors clear for emergency exit. Entrance Unauthorized Entry/Exit Prevent any parents / Principal outsiders to move Admin Staff directly to classrooms. Security Check the visitors pass of all the people other than school officials. Prevent any student moving out of the school without teacher’s permission and other than prescribed time. Pre‐exit only through authorized person, after getting confirmation from parents. ZONE No. 3: PRIMARY DIVISION Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Classrooms Stampede Avoid crowding the Principal, classrooms and move in Class / Subject
a disciplined manner in teachers, and out of the Class Leaders classrooms Avoid push/pull in the classrooms. Falls /Injuries ‐Don’t allow the Principal students to stand on the Class / Subject tables or chairs, run in teachers, the classrooms or push Class Leaders each other. Stay away from the open windows. Fire Don’t panic, make Class / Subject prompt use of fire teachers, extinguisher. Assistants Evacuate the classrooms immediately. Keep the classroom doors clear from any obstacles for exit Library Falls of books / Collapse Avoid crowding the Principal, of book shelves book shelves. Librarian, Library Asst., Don’t keep the books Assistants anywhere other than the racks. Keep comfortable space between the book shelves for movement. Computer Lab Short circuit / Fire Don’t Plug in more than Principal one pin in a single plug Computer point. Instructors, Assistants Don’t operate any switch without teacher’s permission and supervision.
Play Area Reptiles/ Avoid crossing through Principal, Insects and thrones border plants/shrubs Teachers, Security, Avoid going into thick Garden Personnel. grass and plants at the corners Avoid rolling on the lawn. Always play or move under adult supervision. Periodical maintenance of plants and lawns. Assembly Area Reptiles/ Use the footpath Principal, Thorns/ provided. Teachers, Insects. Admin Staff, Avoid Intrusion through Assistants, border plants/ grass. Security, Avoid crossing the Garden Staff boarders. Always do move under adult supervision. Periodical maintenance of plants and lawns. Water Bay Reptiles / Thorns / Flash Use the over bridge Principal, Floods provided to cross over. Teachers, Admin Staff, Do not cross into the Assistants, boarders. Security, Use the footpath Garden Staff provided. Periodical maintenance of plants and lawns. Administrative Short Circuit, Don’t Plug in more than Admin Staff Area Fire one pin in a single plug Assistants point. Always keep all the windows and doors
clear for emergency exit. Entrance Unauthorized Entry/Exit Prevent any parents / Principal outsiders to move Admin Staff directly to classrooms. Security Check the visitors pass of all the people other than school officials. Prevent any student moving out of the school without teacher’s permission and other than prescribed time. Pre‐exit only through authorized person, after getting confirmation from parents. ZONE No. 4: SECONDRY DIVISION Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Classrooms Stampede Avoid crowding the Principal, classrooms and move in Class / Subject a disciplined manner in teachers, and out of the Class Leaders classrooms Avoid push/pull in the classrooms. Falls /Injuries ‐Don’t allow the Principal students to stand on the Class / Subject tables or chairs, run in teachers, the classrooms or push Class Leaders each other. Stay away from the open windows.
Fire Don’t panic, make Class / Subject prompt use of fire teachers, extinguisher. Assistants Evacuate the classrooms immediately. Keep the classroom doors clear from any obstacles for exit Computer Lab Short circuit / Fire Don’t Plug in more than Principal one pin in a single plug Computer point. Instructors, Assistants Don’t operate any switch without teacher’s permission and supervision. Biology / Chemical hazards, Never run in the Principal, Chemistry Lab Electric Hazards, Fire, laboratories. Teachers, injury Lab Assistants, Do not engage in Assistants. boisterous conduct in the labs. Never work in the lab without teacher supervision. Always perform the experiments or work precisely as directed by the teacher. No eating or drinking in the lab. Handle everything as if its pathogenic. Keep flame and flammable solutions far
apart. Keep electrical equipment far from water / sink drain areas. Always clean glassware before you use it to be sure that residues are cleaned away. Inspect all equipment for damage prior to use; do not use damaged equipment. Do NOT return excess materials to the stock container. Immediately report any spills, injuries to teacher. Never leave experiments while in progress. Never attempt to catch a falling object. Be careful when handling hot glassware and apparatus in the laboratory. Hot glassware looks just like cold glassware. Never point the open end of a test tube containing a substance at yourself or others. Never smell any chemicals (solid/liquid)
too closely. Never fill a pipette using mouth suction. Always use a pipetting device. Make sure no flammable solvents are in the surrounding area when lighting a flame. Do not leave lit Burning burners unattended. Turn off all heating apparatus, gas valves, and water outlets when not in use. Do not remove any equipment or chemicals from the laboratory. Never pour chemical waste into the sink drains or wastebaskets. Properly dispose of broken glassware and other sharp objects immediately in designat‐ed containers. Coats, bags, and other personal items must be stored in designated areas, not on the stool tops. Notify your teacher of any sensitivity that you may have to particular
chemicals if known. Keep the floor clear of all objects (e.g., ice, small objects, and spilled liquids) Administrative Short Circuit, Don’t Plug in more than Admin Staff Area Fire one pin in a single plug Assistants point. Always keep all the windows and doors clear for emergency exit. Entrance Unauthorized Entry/Exit Prevent any parents / Principal outsiders to move Admin Staff directly to classrooms. Security Check the visitors pass of all the people other than school officials. Prevent any student moving out of the school without teacher’s permission and other than prescribed time. Pre‐exit only through authorized person, after getting confirmation from parents. ZONE No. 5: GENERATOR AND ELECRICALS Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Generator Room CO hazards/ Maintain proper Repairs and Shocks/Fire ventilation Maintenance Personnel, Keep the generator dry Assistants
and don’t use in wet condition. Dry your hands before touching the generator. Avoid back feeding of generator. Before refueling the generator, turn it off and let it cool down. Petrol spilled on hot engine parts could ignite. Avoid storing fuel near to the generator. ZONE No. 6: JUNIOR HOSTELS Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Entrance Unauthorized Entry Do not allow anyone to Rector, /Exit enter the hostel area Security, without the permission House – in – of hostel authority charges. Allow visitors only in the prescribed day / time. Do not allow any student to move outside without the permission from the Rector. Parents should meet their children only after the permission of hostel authority.
Any entry for repairs can be permitted only with Rector’s permission. Play Area Retiles, Thorns, Enter the play grounds Rector, Outsiders, Flash Floods under adult supervision. Security, House – in – Avoid casual charges. movements. Avoid going near the water canals. Avoid rolling on the lawn. Avoid crossing the boarders. Follow to and fro instructions meticulously. Avoid using short cuts. ZONE No. 7: MESS DIVISION Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Dining Area Flies, Dust, Food Keep the dining Mess – in – Poisoning area/serving area free charge, Assistants from insect, flies and dirt. All the serving plates and utensils should be clean. Avoid serving the food/water before the places are occupied. Don’t allow the
students to play or run around the area and crowding the area. Keep the dining area dry and clean always. Cooking Area Burns/injuries, Food Never leave lit burners Mess – in – Poisoning unattended charge, Assistants Keep the floors clean and do not let them slippery to avoid falls and injuries. Maintain the gas pipes in a good condition to prevent gas leakage. Put off the LPG knobs after the usage for the day. Make sure your hands are washed and thoroughly dried before handling the food. Do not touch food and money at the same time. Cover your head and wear clean and tidy clothes. Make sure food is served as soon as possible after preparing. Thoroughly wash fruit and vegetables before processing. Always use food before
the use by dates on packaging. Follow the user manual instructions before operating any electric appliances for cooking/storing. Keep electric appliances clean and dry after the use. Store food in containers that are clean, non‐ toxic, easy to wash, have tight fitting lids or are covered with foil or plastic film. Store raw food BELOW cooked food in the refrigerator. Store food correctly and under prescribed temperature. Food storage area should be free of moisture and dirt. Store the utensils in covered racks. Wash and clean the utensils before the use. Keep the cooked food under covered lids when ready to serve. Storage Area Electricity hazards, Don’t plug in more than Mess – in –charge, Insects one appliances in single Assistants plug points.
Don’t overload the appliances like mixer, grinder etc. Keep the switch boards and plug pins dry. Keep the area neat and clean. Conduct periodic checks on the stored food. LPG storage Fire Keep the LPG storage Mess – in –charge, area well protected and Assistants in well ventilated area. Don’t store more than the prescribed limits for LPG storage. In case of any leakage don’t operate any switches around or lit any flame around. BUS DIVISION Specific Area Probable Threats Preventive Measures Zone Leader/ Team Members Boarding Stampede, fall, Be at the bus stop Bus‐in‐charge, Accidents. on time. Never run Drivers and to or from the bus. Assistants Wait at the designated stop in a safe place well back from the side of the road. Stay away from the danger zone of the
bus, which is anywhere close enough to the bus to touch it. The bus driver cannot see you when you are in the danger zone. Watch the traffic while going towards the bus. Avoid crowding the bus entrance; move in a queue. Getting Down Stampede, fall, While getting down, Bus‐in‐charge, Accidents. Drivers and hold the handrail. Assistants Once disembarked, take two large steps away from the bus. To cross the street in front of the bus take at least 10 giant steps (3 meters). Look left and right and if safe, cross the street in a single file. If you drop something near the bus, don’t pick it up. Tell the driver or other adult to that.
DO’S AND DON’TSFLOODDo’s: 1. In case of flood ensure that everybody is alerted through appropriate announcement media. 2. Move to the higher and farther from flood area. 3. Beware of snakes, which may have moved to drier areas. 4. Listen and co‐operate with life savers. 5. If possible use water proofing materials like sandbags, plastic sheets. 6. Shut off utilities like electricity, gas cylinder. Don’ts: 1. Do not walk into water of unknown depth and current. Use the stick to know the water level before moving ahead. 2. Do not swim in the flood water and attempt to cross flood water. 3. Lock yourself in a car, on the loft, etc. during flood. 4. Do not drink flood water.
EARTHQUAKEDo’s 1. As soon as you are aware of the fact that you are in the midst of a quake rush to an open space quickly. 2. Stand next to a solid object only, which can withstand any fall and not likely to get crushed easily. 3. Keep away from Electricity wires and poles, slopes and walls that are liable to fall. 4. Turn off the water, gas, and electricity. 5. If you are driving, stop the vehicle immediately but take care not to park close to a building, wall, slopes, electricity wires, and cables. Stay inside the vehicle. Don’ts: 1. Do not panic, it will never help. 2. Do not stand nearby windows, mirrors, and light furniture. 3. Do not turn ON electrical switches as there may be gas leaks or short‐circuits that can cause fire. 4. Do not run and do not wander round the streets.
STORM / CYCLONEDo’s and Don’ts 1. Close all the windows and doors and stay indoors. 2. Stand below the strongest portion of the building /furniture 3. Remain indoors until advised that the cyclone has passed away. 4. After the storm dry the electrical appliances before use. 5. Be careful of fallen power lines, fallen trees etc.
MEDICAL EMERGENCIESBITES1. For minor wounds ‐ Wash the injury thoroughly with water and soap. Apply an antibiotic cream to avert any infection and cover the wound with a clean bandage. 2. For deep wounds: If the animal causes a deep perforation of the skin that causes blood loss, apply pressure with a clean dry cloth to stop the bleeding. Visit a doctor immediately. 3. If symptoms of infection such as redness, swelling, increased pain or irritation is noticed, visit a doctor without delay. 4. If you suspect that you may have contracted rabies, see your doctor right away. POISONINGIn case of poisoning, call for a doctor without delay. While waiting for medical aid to arrive, one should follow the steps mentioned below: 1. If the victim has been exposed to poisonous gases such as carbon monoxide, get them into an area with fresh air immediately. 2. If a person has spilled poison on their clothing, skin or eyes, remove the clothing. Splash the skin or eyes or skin with cool or lukewarm water to remove traces of the poisonous substances. 3. If a person has ingested a poisonous substance, induce vomiting to clear the stomach of the poison. Visit a doctor immediately. BURNSThe first aid for burns depends on the degree or extent of the burn. The treatment for minor burns is quite different from that of major burns. For minor burns, as well as second‐degree burns that is limited to an area of between 2 to 3 inches in diameter, follow these steps:
1. Cool the burn. This is done by holding the burn under cold running water for around 5 minutes or until the pain dips. You may also immerse the burned area in cold water or cool it with cold compresses. The process of cooling the burn lessens swelling by conducting heat away from the skin. Never put ice on the burn. 2. Cover the burned area with a sterile gauze bandage: Dont use fluffy cotton, as it may irritate the skin. Wrap the gauze loosely to avoid putting pressure on the wound. Bandaging the burned skin keeps air away from the injury. This protects blistered skin and helps reduce pain. 3. Take a painkiller. These are available over the counter at all chemists shop. Never give Aspirin to children or teenagers. For major burns, ring for emergency medical assistance. Until an emergency unit arrives, follow these steps: 1. Dont remove burnt clothing. However, do ensure that the victim is no longer in contact with burning materials or exposed to smoke or heat. 2. Dont immerse victims with critical large burns in cold water. Doing so may cause shock. 3. Check for signs that the person is alive such as a heartbeat, breathing, coughing or movement. If such signs do not exist, begin cardiopulmonary resuscitation or CPR. 4. Cover the area of the burn with a moist, cool, moist, sterilized bandage. You may also use a clean, moist cloth or moist towels. FALLS 1. If someone falls down from height, first check any injuries on head. 2. Check for any abnormal symptom like nausea, vomiting, acute stomach pain after the fall which may be result of some internal injury. Contact doctor immediately. 3. If pain in bones does not subside after pain killer spray or medicine and there is swelling on the injured part, it may be a bone fractured.
SCHOOL BUS ACCIDENTDo’s 1. Make use of emergency numbers provided in the bus. 2. Try to use the emergency exits. Don’ts 1. Do not panic and start rushing/running. 2. Do not try to get down from the running bus.
FIREDo’s1. Make prompt use of fire extinguisher situated on the nearest wall. 2. Maintain a safe distance when extinguishing the flames. 3. Aim at the base of the fire. 4. Keep your calm, leave the building immediately — don’t stop to collect belongings. 5. Try to climb down in the building instead of climbing up. 6. Check door handles by touching lightly with the back of your hand. If they are hot, don’t open them & find another way out. 7. When leaving, close doors behind you 8. Stay low in smoke — this helps reduce smoke inhalation. 9. If your clothes catch fire, Stop, Drop & Roll to put them out. 10. Cool burns quickly with water — get medical attention immediately. Don’ts 1. Never ignore fire alarm, panic and run around in wrong directions. 2. Don’t use fire extinguisher if you have no idea on how to operate them. 3. Don’t use water agents on grease and oil fires or use dry chemical extinguishers to electrical devices or anything with metal because it is corrosive. 4. Don’t aim at the flames of the fire. 5. Don’t stand too close to the fire or even plan to walk on those extinguished areas.
SNAKE BITESSnake is the most feared animal in the world and after a snake bite half people die due to fear. All snakes are not venomous most of them are non venomous, but people can die due to heart attack because of fear of snake. So the key thing in this is to remain calm and get to the doctor as soon as possible. If possible get the picture of the snake so it can help doctor to choose the anti venom treatment. Be safe. Also take care while traveling outdoors. Dos :1. Remain calm: First thing don’t get panic, be cool. Most chances are there snake is non venomous. 2. Remove shoes, jewelry and tight clothing from bitten area. 3. Wash the bite site with soap and warm water to remove any excess venom. 4. Get the victim to the nearest medical facility as soon as possible. 5. Observe the persons symptoms and record them and show it to the doctor. Donts1. Do not give anything to the victim to eat unless specified by doctor. 2. Do not attempt to suck venom out with your mouth. Its very dangerous and dont work also. 3. Do not let the patient get shocked or emotionally exited. Keep him in a calm place. 4. Do not try to capture the snake‐ it may put you in danger.
WINTER SEASON CAREDo’s: 1. Ensure to stay warm while waiting for school bus in low temperature conditions. 2. Dress in layers so you can adjust to changing conditions. 3. Most of your body heat is lost through your head so wear a hat, preferably one that covers your ears. 4. Mittens provide more warmth to your hands than gloves. 5. Wear waterproof, insulated boots to help avoid hypothermia or frostbite by keeping your feet warm and dry. 6. Keep yourself well hydrated as you may not drink sufficient water in winter due to less thirst. 7. Recognize the symptoms of hypothermia which is a drop in body temperature to 95 degrees Fahrenheit or less than this and can be a serious medical condition: confusion, dizziness, exhaustion and severe shivering. Seek medical attention immediately if you have these symptoms. 8. In case of frostbite get the patient indoor, place the affected area in warm water. 9. Recognize frostbite warning signs: gray, white or yellow skin discoloration, numbness, waxy feeling skin. Seek medical attention immediately if you have these symptoms Don’ts: 1. Do not overdress or overexert that can lead to heat illness. 2. Don’t allow the children to overexert and sweat. Sweating cools the body which is hazardous in winter and it becomes difficult to warm up again. 3. In frostbite, do not rub the frozen area or put it in very hot water. 4. Do not take very hot water bath.
SUMMER SEASON CAREDo’s1. Drink lot of water and fluids to keep cool. 2. Protect your head and eyes from hot sun as you may get heat stroke with continuous exposure to hot sun. 3. Wear cotton clothes so that your body can breath. 4. Avoid eating milk products and other dairy products in summer as they tend to spoil fastest. Don’t1. Don’t drink water immediately after coming from hot sun, let your body cool down for some time. 2. Don’t move out in very hot sun immediately after sitting in A.C. room for a long time. 3. Do not store the food outside for a long time, refrigerate immediately after use.
MONSOON SEASON CAREDo’s:1. Carry a proper rain coat while travelling to School. 2. Wipe off the sweat and grime from your face and bathe often to feel cool and fresh. In the monsoon, keep dry; especially your feet.3. Drink plenty of potable – boiled or filtered water. 4. Avoid eating roadside foods – cut fruits, chaat or ‘pani puris’, etc, fermented and raw preparations like salads. 5. Clean your salads and leafy vegetables under running water. Steaming them is the best way to get rid of germs. Soaking the greens in salt water for about 10 minutes can help remove insects. 6. Avoid eating stale foods.7. Wash your hands before handling food, after eating food and after visiting the toilet. Maintain good personal hygiene. 8. Carry out thorough pre‐monsoon checks for any water leakages from faulty plumbing, electrical switches, clogged drains, etc. to avoid mishaps Don’ts:1. Do not wear wet clothes for long to stay away from fungal infections on the skin or nails.2. Do not let food remain outside for long; store immediately in the refrigerator.3. Do not let the electrical switches, plug points, etc. to get wet in the rain
OUTDOOR VISITS/ PICNICSDo’s 1. Always carry first aid box, emergency tools for bus or the vehicle if using a private one. 2. Check the medical history of the students for any abnormalities, coming for outdoor visits. 3. Know the place, nearest emergency hospitals and other helps before going. 4. Prescribe the children necessary things to be carried according to the climate and place of visit. 5. Prepare emergency plans for possible threats during the visit. Don’ts 1. Don’t ignore whether forecasts and alerts in area of visits. 2. Don’t allow anyone to move in unknown places not prescribed in the plan. 3. Don’t allow anyone to swim or get into water at unknown places. 4. Don’t allow to eat anywhere else than the prescribed place in the visit.
HOSTAGES/KIDNAPPINGDo’s : 1. If not managed to escape in the beginning and being confined and transported, do not struggle, calm yourself mentally and concentrate on surviving. 2. Attempt to visualize the route being taken, make a mental note of turns, street noise, smells, etc. Try to keep track of the amount of time spent between points. 3. Be co‐operative, observant and speak normally if asked something but retaining your sense of pride. 4. If an attempt is made to rescue you, keep a low profile and immediately follow all the instructions. Don’ts 1. Do not panic and overreact in such situations. 2. Do not run or make sudden moves that the tense rescuer may interpret as hostile. 3. Dont be upset if a rescuer isnt sure whether you are a Kidnapper/terrorist or hostage. Even if you are handcuffed and searched, do not resist. Just wait for the confusion to clear.
TERROR ATTACKDo’s: 1. Try to remain calm and try to follow the instructions of school authority and do not lose your presence of mind. 2. Keep all the help line numbers provided handy. 3. Be alert. If you come across any suspicious person or belongings, immediately report to the authority. 4. Try to analyze the situation. Rumors spread easily in such situations. Try to know the facts from reliable sources. 5. Look for a place to hide in case of a sudden gunfire or bombarding. 6. If you are caught in the gun fire, lie flat on the ground. Don’ts 1. Do not spread rumors. 2. Do not move in unprotected areas.