MADE BY-ROHAN CHAUBEY
During his first year at Cambridge, Hawking
started noticing problems with his health.
He would occasionally slur his words and would
sometimes trip and fall while walking around.
Stephen refused to tell anyone about these
problems, but eventually, his father noticed and
sent him to a doctor.
After a series of tests, doctors diagnosed him
with ALS (A.K.A Lou Gehrig’s disease) and said
he only had 30 months to live. But the disease
didn’t stop him from his research.
Lou Gehrig was the first person to have ALS. Today,
the disease is named after him. ALS is passed
down through family genes, and affects 5 out of
every 100,000 people all over the world.
ALS causes nerves to weaken and eventually die,
which will make a person unable to move their
Symptoms include, but are not limited to paralysis,
difficulty breathing, speech problems and muscle
contractions. There are tests you can take to see if
you have it, but there is no known cure.
Black hole research Around the time that Hawking had been
diagnosed with ALS, another cosmologist by the name of
Roger Primrose had been busy, creating a theory about the
life (and death) of stars and how black holes were created.
This in itself caused Hawking to wonder about how the
universe began. Hawking had his first child, Robert in 1967
with his first wife, Jane, and became a member of the Institute
of Astronomy and in 1968.
Even though Stephen was forced into a wheelchair in 1969,
he was still able to continue their research. He had his
daughter Lucy in 1969, showed the world that radiation is
emitted when stars collapse in 1974,(this radiation was
named Hawking radiation) and came out with his first book,
Large Scale Structure of Space Time in 1975.
Hawking was named a fellow of the Royal Society at
age 32, earned the Albert Einstein award, and was
awarded the Pius XI Gold Medal for Science in Rome.
Stephen was then named the Lucasian Professor of
Mathematics at Cambridge University in 1979.
Around this time, his ALS started to get much worse.
He could still get out of bed by himself and could feed
himself, but couldn’t do anything else without some
sort of assistance.
After a tracheotomy operation, he lost his voice
completely in 1985.
After this, he had to use a speech synthesizer. But
this did not stop him either; he still continued his
research. In 1988, Stephen’s book, A Brief History of
Time, got published. Since then, it has sold over 25
million copies and has been translated into more than
Hawking left his current wife Jane in 1990
and married Elaine Mason, who was one of
his nurses at the time, in ‘95.
Even though A Brief History of Time has
sold over 25 million copies, it was not so
simple to comprehend.
Hawking’s next book, The Universe In a
Nutshell was published in 2001. It cleared
up what A Brief History of Time obscured.
In 2005, Stephen made his theories
even less complicated by releasing A
Briefer History of Time .
He divorced Elaine in 2006 and then
experienced zero-G at the Kennedy
Space Center in Florida the following
year. He then announced he was
retiring from his post as Lucasian
Professor of Mathematics at Cambridge
University in 2009.
A Brief History of Time (1988)
Black Holes and Baby Universes and Other Essays (1993)[
The Universe in a Nutshell (2001)
On The Shoulders of Giants (2002)
A Briefer History of Time (2005)
God Created the Integers: The Mathematical Breakthroughs That Changed History (2005)
The Grand Design (2010)
George's Secret Key to the Universe (2007)
George's Cosmic Treasure Hunt (2009)
George and the Big Bang (2011).
Films and series
A Brief History of Time (1992)
Stephen Hawking's Universe (1997)
Horizon: The Hawking Paradox (2005)
Masters of Science Fiction (2007)
Stephen Hawking: Master of the Universe (2008)[
Into the Universe with Stephen Hawking (2010)
Brave New World with Stephen Hawking (2011)
Stephen Hawking's Grand Design (2012).
Stephen Hawking: CH CBE
Stephen Hawking at NASA:1980s
Born: Stephen William Hawking
8 January 1942 (age 71)
Residence :United Kingdom
Institutions: Cambridge University
California Institute of Technology
Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics
Alma mater :Oxford University
Doctoral advisor: Dennis Sciama
Other academic advisors: Robert Berman
Notable students: Don Page
Notable awards: Albert Einstein Award (1978)
Wolf Prize (1988)
Prince of Asturias Award (1989)
Copley Medal (2006)
Presidential Medal of Freedom (2009)
Special Fundamental Physics Prize (2012)
Spouse: Jane Wilde(m. 1965–1991, divorced; Elaine Mason(m. 1995–2006, divorced)
Children: with Jane Wilde - Robert (1967), Lucy (1969), and Timothy (1979)
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