Though architects have discussed different aesthetic styles that have evolved over the years, this discussion cannot take place without also mentioning the larger economic, technological and political forces at work: “form follows finance.”
“ Incentive zoning" offered a bonus of extra floor space to encourage developers of office buildings and apartment towers to include plazas in their projects.
Emphasized the creation of open space. A flexible document, it was a product of the best planning, economic and architectural skills of its time ( nb : “we’re sorry, we made a mistake”).
“ Resulted in tall buildings out of scale with their neighborhoods. And the open space provided has not always been particularly useful or attractive.”
New approaches since 1961: incentive zoning, contextual zoning, special district, air-rights transfer and restrictive covenant techniques have been used to make zoning a more responsive and sensitive planning tool.