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Public speaking


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  • 1.
  • 2.  Speaking in public, in front of groups and conducting presentations are commonly agreed as the least favorite activities that anyone can perform.  However, if we are well prepared, well equipped and well supported, we will find that speaking in public really can be quite
  • 3. Don’t worry, you are in very good company! Many people – including celebrities and politicians - admit to being dead of having to speak in public and suffer the same symptoms as you might: tongue-tied, blushing, damp hands, the shakes!
  • 4. Here are a few tips on how you might cope with nerves and on how to deal with situations that may arise during the course of your
  • 5.  Take yourself off somewhere you won’t be disturbed and do the following:  Take a long deep breath, count to four, relax and then repeat four or five times  Extend your arms and contract your muscles for a short time and release  Yawn to relax your vocal
  • 6.  Speak clearly and with enough emphasis to keep your audience interested.  Vary the pitch and tone of your voice, let it rise and fall, make it louder or softer; a monotonous voice lulls us to sleep, no matter how interesting the topic is!  Vary the pace, speaking slower or even using silence to emphasize key points  Speak in the accent and way that
  • 7.  “One cannot not communicate.” Even if we don’t speak, we communicate through our appearance and body language. Body language consists of eye contact, facial expressions, gestures, body posture, and movement.  Stand straight, don’t slouch with one shoulder lower than the other. Get the right sort of balance  Keep your chin roughly parallel to the floor  Dont just stand there, with your arms by the side of you! ACT CONFIDENTLY and you will FEEL CONFIDENT!
  • 8.  Smile (but don’t grin) : Smile and the world smiles with you Give them time to get what you are saying Acknowledge mistakes and announce positive measures that should avoid future problems Remember the audience’s attention will start at a low point, climb to a peak, then decline Keep to time. Do not make the audience feel you have gone on longer than you expected by saying, “I’ve nearly finished” or “Bear with me”
  • 9.  You can deliver confident and powerful presentations! All it takes is a little preparation, some practice, and a winning mindset. Congratulations! This is your chance to shine.  Know that you were asked to present, because you can do it-you wouldnt have been asked otherwise.  The style and pace of delivery should be what is most natural to you but there are some important “don’ts”
  • 10.  Avoid seeming hesitant or nervous and too many “ums” or “ahs”  Avoid mumbling or gabbling too quickly  Avoid using the same phrases repeatedly – watch out for “actually”, “in fact”, “the point is”, “and so on”, – your audience will be counting  Avoid looking at just one or two individuals or just the front few
  • 11.  Remember that only 7% of understanding comes from what is said, that 38% comes from the tone of voice and 55% from non-verbal signals! Make positive eye contact by scanning the whole audience Avoid defensive postures: folded arms, shuffling, fiddling about Use your hands to emphasize points but don’t overdo it Be aware of personal mannerisms that may be distracting and work to avoid
  • 12.  Don’t wag your finger or pen at anyone Don’t pace around Don’t stand with your back to the audience while you are speaking; if you have to write something on a flip chart, do so and then turn back to the audience and speak. Do not stand facing the screen, reading your slides to the
  • 13.  If you can find someone to comment on your presentation, it will help you review your performance so that you can notice areas for improvement before you speak in
  • 15.  Being prepared breeds confidence.  Write down key ideas on a note card to keep your thoughts straight.  Research. Don’t just fake it!
  • 16.  Simple is best! If you don’t understand it, neither will your audience. Avoid fillers: uh, um, like, mmm… Avoid repetitive phrases: “let’s see…,” “let me think,” “another thing” Silence is not your enemy! Pausing to collect your thoughts or take a deep breath is
  • 17.  Make eye contact.  Don’t be afraid to look down to collect your thoughts but be confident. You know the material  Make your audience believe!
  • 18.  Posture : Standing up straight makes you look like you are in control.  Open arms.  Using your hands can be very effective!  Chin up!
  • 19.  Volume… VOLUME… VOLUME  Enunciate  Speak TO your audience!  No mumbling!  Slow down!
  • 20.  Your audience will forgive your nervousness, but they will be turned off by fake modesty or bravado(BOLDNESS / COURAGE).  FAKE IT UNTIL YOU CAN MAKE IT!
  • 21.  Be well prepared. Rehearse several times  Co-operate with your body - rest, eat and sleep well beforehand  Dress in clothes that make you feel good  Take several deep breaths to relax your
  • 22.  Concentrate on the messages you want to get over to your audience Move around and release your nervous energy. Visualize yourself doing well Remember that your audience want you to do well Think of a similar occasion in the past when you did it before and did it well. Think about it for a moment. Make no negative confessions "Im so nervous" Put the situation into
  • 23.  If you get nerves during your talk, move around or do something different to get into a different "state“ Pick out some friendly faces and make eye contact with them If you make a mistake you make a mistake, laugh at it and the audience with laugh with you. Make a joke out of it. The more you do it the better you will become. Practice makes