Social religious reform movements in India By Ms. Seema Lal

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This presentation is on various social religious reform movements which started in India and left great impact on the society.

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  • Social religious reform movements in India By Ms. Seema Lal

    1. 1. Name- Seema Lal Subject- Social science Category- secondary classes (IX & X) Topic of e-lesson- Socio religious reform movements . Target group- VIII & X Classes.
    2. 2. Learning Objectives….. 1.To teach students about rise of series of religious and social reform movements. 2.To make them understand conditions which led to the rise of these movements. 3.To tell students how these movements led to reform of both- society and religions. 4.To help them learn key role played by the reformists to uplift the status of women.
    3. 3. Index <ul><li>Social religious reform movements - Information . </li></ul><ul><li>Evils in Indian society </li></ul><ul><li>Varna system / Caste system </li></ul><ul><li>Raja Ram Mohan Roy </li></ul><ul><li>Arya Samaj </li></ul><ul><li>Ramakrishna mission </li></ul><ul><li>Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar </li></ul><ul><li>Mahadev Govinda Ranade </li></ul><ul><li>Annie Beasent &Theosophical society </li></ul><ul><li>Sir Syeed Ahmed Khan </li></ul><ul><li>Impact of movements / Limitations </li></ul><ul><li>Test your Knowledge </li></ul>
    4. 4. SOCIO RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS
    5. 5. VARIOUS SOCIAL AND RELIGIOUS REFORM MOVEMENTS AROSE AMONG ALL COMMUNITIES OF THE INDIAN PEOPLE . IN RELIGION ATTACKED BIGOTRY,SUPERSTITION&HOLD OF PRIESTLY CLASSES. IN SOCIAL LIFE AMIED AT ABOLITION OF CASTES,CHILD MARRIAGE & LEGAL & SOCIAL INEQUALITIES.
    6. 6. <ul><li>VARIOUS SOCIAL EVILS EXISTED DURING 18 TH CENTURY. </li></ul><ul><li>SEVERAL EVIL CUSTOMS AND PRACTICES HAD BECOME PART OF HINDU SOCIAL SYSTEM. </li></ul><ul><li>STATUS OF WOMEN DETERIORATED. </li></ul><ul><li>LIFE OF HINDUS WAS GOVERENED BY CASTE SYSTEM . </li></ul>BACK TO INDEX
    7. 7. A SYSTEM IN WHICH WOMAN WAS BURNED ON THE PYRE OF HER HUSBAND. SATI SYSTEM
    8. 8. CHILD MARRIAGE
    9. 9. NO EDUCATION TO GIRLS !
    10. 10. NO WIDOW REMARRIAGE
    11. 11. PARDHA SYSTEM BACK TO INDEX
    12. 12. VARNA SYSTEM KASHATRIYAS VAISYAS SUDRAS BRAHMANAS BACK TO IND
    13. 13. <ul><li>FOUND BRAHMO SAMAJ IN 1828 . </li></ul><ul><li>ABOLISHED SATI AND CHILDMARRIAGE . </li></ul><ul><li>ADVOCATED WIDOW REMARRIAGE. </li></ul><ul><li>CONDEMNED POLYTHEISM. </li></ul><ul><li>STOOD FOR MODERN EDUCATION FOR ALL. </li></ul>RAJA RAM MOHANROY
    14. 14. <ul><li>HE PERSUADED GOVT. TO ABOLISH SATI & CHILD MARRIAGE. </li></ul><ul><li>STOOD FOR EQUAL RIGHTS FOR WOMEN AND THE RIGHT TO PROPERTY TO WOMEN. </li></ul><ul><li>HE WAS AN INTERNATIONALIST & SUPPORTED CAUSE OF FREEDOM EVERY WHERE. </li></ul><ul><li>HIS SAMAJ WAS THE FIRST ATTEMPT TO REFORM HINDU SOCIETY. </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    15. 15. ARYA SAMAJ SWAMI DAYANAND
    16. 16. THE ARYA SAMAJ –1875 <ul><li>DAYANAND SARASWATI FOUNDED ARYA SAMAJ. </li></ul><ul><li>HE ATTACKED CHILD MARRIAGE. </li></ul><ul><li>HE WAS AGAINST IDOL WORSHIP. </li></ul><ul><li>BELIVED IN INFALLIBLITY OF VEDAS. </li></ul><ul><li>HE OPPOSED CASTE SYSTEM. </li></ul><ul><li>ADVOCATED EQUAL RIGHTS FOR MEN AND WOMEN. </li></ul><ul><li>NUMBER OF D.A.V SCHOOLS & COLLEGES WERE STARTED BY THE SAMAJ ALL OVER INDIA. </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    17. 17. RAMAKRISHNA MISSION <ul><li>FOUNDED BY VIVEKANAND - DISCIPLE OF RAMAKRISHNA PARA- MHANSA. </li></ul><ul><li>HE ESTABLISHED THE MISSION & EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS . </li></ul><ul><li>UPLIFTED STATUS OF WOMEN . </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    18. 18. ISHWAR CHANDRA VIDYASAGAR-1820-91 <ul><li>WORKED FOR THE CAUSE OF EMANCIPATION OF WOMEN. </li></ul><ul><li>DUE TO HIS EFFORTS LEGAL OBSTACLES TO WIDOW REMARRIAGE WERE REMOVED BY A LAW IN 1856. </li></ul><ul><li>PROMOTED EDUCATION AMONG GIRLS & SET UP INSTITUTIONS FOR THEM . </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    19. 19. MAHADEV GOVINDA RANADE-1842-1901 <ul><li>WAS A SOUL OF THE INDIAN SOCIAL CONFERENCE-1887. </li></ul><ul><li>CAMPAIGNED FOR ABOLITION OF CASTE,INTERCASTE MARRIAGES </li></ul><ul><li>WIDOW REMARRIAGE,EDUCATION FOR WOMEN UPLIFTMENT OF LOWCASTES & HINDU MUSLIM- UNITY. </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    20. 20. ANNIE BESANT AND THEOSOPHICAL SOCIETY <ul><li>WORKED FOR REVIVAL OF HINDUISM -ITS PHILOSOPHY& MODES OF WORSHIP. </li></ul><ul><li>HELPED IMPART INDIANS A SENSE OF PRIDE IN THEIR OWN COUNTRY. </li></ul><ul><li>FOUNDED THE CENTRAL HINDU COLLEGE . </li></ul><ul><li>ORGANISED HOMERULE MOVEMENT </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    21. 21. SYED AHMEDKHAN
    22. 22. .ESTABLISHED-MOHAMDEN – ANGLO- ORENTIAL COLLEGE. .INSISTED ON COOPERATION WITH BRITISHERS AND REFORMS AMONG MUSLIMS. .PERSUADED MUSLIMS TO RECEIVE MODERN EDUCATION. ALIGARH MOVEMENT SIR SYED AHMED KHAN BACK TO IND
    23. 23. Impact of reform movements. <ul><li>EMANCIPATATION OF WOMEN. </li></ul><ul><li>WIDOW REMARRIAGE ACT IN 1856. </li></ul><ul><li>SATI &INFANTICIDE WERE BANNED. </li></ul><ul><li>MARRIAGEABLE AGE OF GIRLS WAS RAISED 1860. </li></ul><ul><li>EDUCATION TO GIRLS BEGAN. </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    24. 24. LIMITATIONS OF REFORM MOVEMENTS 1.THEY CONCERNED ONLY SMALL SECTIONS OF SOCIETY. 2. WORKED FOR THEIR RESPECTIVE COMMUNITY. 3. FAILED TO EMPHASISE THAT COLONIAL RULE WAS INIMICAL TO THEIR INTEREST.
    25. 25. TESTING OF KNOWLEDGE <ul><li>Q1.WHEN WAS BRAHMO SAMAJ FOUNDED? </li></ul><ul><li>Q2.WHO FOUNDED ARYA SAMAJ? </li></ul><ul><li>Q3.WHAT WERE THE CONTRIBUTIONS OF SIR SYED AHMED KHAN? </li></ul><ul><li>Q4.WHO STARTED HOMERULE MOVEMENT? </li></ul><ul><li>Q5.LIST EVILS THAT EXISTED IN INDIAN SOCIETY? </li></ul><ul><li>Q6.WHY REFORM MOVEMENTS DID NOT BECOME POPULAR? </li></ul>BACK TO IND
    26. 26. ACKNOWLEDGEMENT: Pictures-Internet-google & yahoo.com, clip art. Information-X class N.C.E.R.T book.
    27. 27. THIS PRESENTATION IS MADE BY….. MS. SEEMA LAL. T.G.T SOCIAL SCIENCE . VOICE RECORDING-SEEMA LAL

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