ThePre-Raphaelite Brotherhood:between Painting and Poetry
Nature of the movementIn art it refers to the Pre- In literature it describesRaphaelite Brotherhood, the poets who had somea group of avantgarde connections with thesepainters artists and whose work(associated with the art shares some of thecritic John Ruskin). characteristics of Pre- Raphaelite art. The Pre-Raphaelites turned away from the materialism of industrialised England.
Where does the name come from? The Pre-Raphaelites thought Raphael had produced technically perfect religious pictures, but with little spiritual feeling. On the contrary, they admired the art and painters before Raphael.
Pre-Raphaelite painters’ features• Beauty and comparative semplicity of the Medioeval world• Fidelity to nature: first-hand ditailed representation of humble objects and natural elements in natural light• Preference of bright, jewel-like colours that where often used in a symbolic wayRossetti concentrated on bust-length oilpaintings of sensuous beautiful womenrendered in vibrant colours (whose imagedefied every Victorian convention).
Pre-Raphaelite poetry• Several of its members wrote poetry themselves.• Also, many of the most notable Pre- Raphaelite paintings were inspired by the works of Dante, Shakespeare, Keats and Tennyson.
Pre-Raphaelite poetry’s features • Emphasis on beautiful, sensuous details • Symbolic meaning associated with common objects or situations • Feelings of nostalgia for a dream-like Medieval world • Use of melodious language
The 2nd wave of the Pre-Raphaelitism • Under Klimt’s direction the second wave of the PRB developed in 1860s into Aesthetic Pre-Raphaelitism, which opened the way to the Arts and Crafts Movement, to Aestheticism and Decadentism and to Art Nouveau. In this second wave two new artists emerged: Sir Edward Burne-Jones, who painted beautiful Romantic dreams; William Morris, who initiated a trend of interior decoration. • In this second wave literature focused on sensuous description and subjective psycological states.
Click to get out Who founded thePre-Raphaelite Brotherhood?Dante Gabriel Rossetti John MillaisWilliam Holman Hunt