Jerome bruner

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Jerome bruner

  1. 1. Jerome Bruner Mara Salmona
  2. 2. Biography Born October 1, 1915 in New York City. 1941 Doctorate in psychology at Harvard University. Cognitive and educational psychology. 1956 Bruner helped to found the Center of cognitive studies at Harvard. 1967 he turned his attention toward Developmental Psychology.
  3. 3. Bruner´s constructivist theory Bruner´s 3 Modes of representation.  1. Enactive (0-1 year): Action based information  2. Iconic (1-6 years): Mental pictures of information  3. Symbolic (7 years +): Information is stored in a form of a code or a symbol. New material follow a progression from enactive, to icon tosymbolic representation. Anyone can learn any material as long as the instruction isorganized appropriately. The purpose of education is not to impart knowledge but tofacilitate a child´s thinking and problem solving skills. Students are active learners who construct their ownknowledge.
  4. 4. Bruner´s constructivist theory Differences with Piaget: a child is capable of understanding any complex information at any stage of development. Sprial Curriculum: Complex ideas can be taught at a simplified level first ant then re-visited at more complex levels later on.  Concepts will be taught at levels of gradually increasing difficulty. Discovery Learning: Students construct their own knowledge.  Organizing and categorizing information using a coding system (by discovery rather than being told by the teacher).  Good teacher: Design lessons that help students to discover the relationship between bits of information.
  5. 5. Bruner´s constructivist theory Social environment has an impact on a child learning. Scaffolding: A helpful and structured interaction between and adult and a child with the aim of helping the child achieve a specific goal. What determines the level of intellectual development is the extent to which the child has been given appropriate instruction. Video

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