Howard Gardner Ph.D., Harvard UniversityAdjunct Professor of Psychology at Harvard University and Senior Director of Harvard Project Zero. Best known for theory of multiple intelligences. Author of several hundred articles and two dozen books including, Changing Minds. Received MacArthur Prize fellowship in 1981. First American to receive University of Louisville’s Grawemeyer Award in Education.
Introduction The Theory of Multiple Intelligences was created by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983. Gardner’s theory places an emphasis on the idea that the traditional understanding of intelligence by means of IQ testing is far too limited. To broaden this notion of intelligence, Gardner introduced eight different types of intelligences consisting of (and to be elaborated on later): Logical/Mathematical, Linguistic, Musical, Spatial, Bodily- Kinesthetic, Naturalist, Interpersonal, Intrapersonal.
1900 Paris Students were having troubel with school work Alfred Binet conducted several tests to predict Which students will succed in schools. 1912 Wilhem Stern Intelligence Quotient “Mental age divided by chronological age and multiplied by 100)
Intelligence (IQ) Intelligence (Gardner) Biopsychological potential to process information that can be Intelligence is what the test test activated in a cultural setting to solve problems or cretae products that are of value in a culture. Problem solving skill allows one toAbility to answer items on tests of approach a situation in which a intelligence goal is to be obtained.
“I believe that human cognitive competence is better described in terms of a set of abilities, talents, mental skills which I call intelligences”His theory is not the last word in the identification of intelligences….. “A set of factors to be considered in the study of human cognition”
Logical-Mathematical (Number/Reasoning Smart): Sensitivity to, and capacity to discern, logical or numerical patterns; ability to handle long chains of reasoning. Linguistic (Word Smart): Sensitivity to the sounds, rhythms, and meanings of words; sensitivity to the different functions of language.
Musical (Music Smart): Abilities to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch, and timbre; appreciation of the forms of musical expressiveness. Spatial (Picture Smart) : Capacities to perceive the visual-spatial world accurately and to perform transformations on one’s initial perceptions.
Bodily-Kinesthetic (Body Smart): Abilities to control one’s body movements and to handle objects skillfully. Naturalist (Nature Smart): Abilities to recognize plants and animals, to make distinctions in the natural world, to understand systems and define categories.
Assessment “I define assessment as the obtaining of information about a person’s skills and potentials with the dual goals of providing useful feedback to the person and useful data to the surrounding community” In a good apprenticeship the teacher and the students are always assessing.
Interesting Facts Supporter of Emilia Reggio schools (similar education goals) Affiliated with the project zero(Project’ Mission: To understand and enhance learning,thinking, and creativity in the arts, as well as humanisticand scientific disciplines, at the individual andinstitutional levels. Focused on education for understanding. Exploram is amuseum in Denmark (exhibits are designed to activate specific human intelligences)
Score the statements: 1 = Mostly Disagree, 2 = Slightly Disagree, 3 = Slightly Agree, 4 = Mostly Agree . Multiple Intelligences Test - based on Howard Gardners MI ModelScore or tick the statements in the boxes ScoreI like to learn more about myself 1I can play a musical instrument 2I find it easiest to solve problems when I am doing something physical 3I often have a song or piece of music in my head 4I find budgeting and managing my money easy 5I find it easy to make up stories 6I have always been physically well co-ordinated 7When talking to someone, I tend to listen to the words they use not just what they 8meanI enjoy crosswords, word searches or other word puzzles 9I don’t like ambiguity, I like things to be clear 10 Add the scores or ticks in each column and write the total for each column in the boxes on the right. Your highest scores indicate your natural strengths and potential - your natural intelligences. There are no right or wrong answers. We are happiest and most successful when we learn, develop, and work in ways that make best use of our natural intelligences (our strengths and style and brain-type in other words).