Progressivism Progressivism A reform movement focused on improving living conditions, education, working conditions, stopping political corruption, and gain women the right to vote Populist Party
Progressivism. Three Progressive Presidents 1. Teddy Roosevelt 2. William Howard Taft 3. Woodrow Wilson
Economic Reforms Theodore Roosevelt Hates big business and its impact on the government Sherman Anti-Trust Act Take legal action against the country’s largest corporations “The trustbuster” Conservation of natural resources Protection of wildlife
Economic Reforms. William Howard Taft Sixteenth Amendment Allowed Congress to levy income taxes
Economic Reforms.. Woodrow Wilson Focused on labor and business “New Freedom” Tariff reform and rules for banks Federal Reserve Act Set up the Federal Reserve Banking System Regulates the nations money supply
Economic Reforms… Woodrow Wilson Clayton Antitrust Act Used to break fight against big business Keating-Owen Child Labor Act Forbade the sale of products made by children across state lines
Muckrakers Muckrakers Writers who attempted to expose abuses in business and corruption in politics by using their writing Very important to the Progressive Movement Their work helped educate the public about changes needed
Muckrakers. Ida Tarbell History of the Standard Oil Company Brought the company’s monopoly to light and eventually led to a government antitrust suit against the company
Muckrakers.. Upton Sinclair The Jungle Told of unsafe and unsanitary conditions in meat processing plants Causes public uproar Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906 Mandated safe and sanitary conditions for food preparation and packing Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Put regulations on food and medicines
Political Reform “Wisconsin Idea” Proposed to use University professors to study problems and recommend solutions Leads to the 17th Amendment Allowed for the direct election by the people of senators on a national level Oregon System Leads to the direct election of senators and a process with which to recall them
Women’s Suffrage (Giving women the right to vote) Seneca Falls Convention Declaration of Sentiments Drew upon the Declaration of Independence to articulate women’s rights National Suffrage Leagues Elizabeth Cady Stanton Susan B. Anthony Lucy Stone Worked through suffrage leagues to securing the right to vote for women
Women’s Suffrage. Alice Paul Mass Marches Hunger Strikes Used to demonstrate against a government that did not allow half of its population to vote
Women’s Suffrage.. Tennessee “The Perfect 36” Nineteenth Amendment 35 states had ratified this amendment to give women the right to vote Tennessee was not one of them If Tennessee ratified the amendment it would become the perfect 36th state Governor Albert H. Roberts Holds an assembly to vote on the amendment
Women’s Suffrage... Tennessee Tennessee was the deciding state for Women’s Suffrage If Tennessee ratified the amendment then it would become law Harry Burn Legislator who vote to pass the amendment because his mom told him to Results in Tennessee giving women the right to vote
Women’s Suffrage…. Female Leaders in Progressive Era Women’s Trade Union League Lobbied for the 18th amendment Prohibition- stop the sale of alcohol
Settlement Houses Hull House Jane Addams Formed to help immigrants and the poor “settle into” American culture Henry Street Settlement Lillian Wald New York’s lower east side Taught immigrant women about health and hygiene
The Great Migration Population Shift Employment opportunities were opened in the North African Americans leave the south for the North Nearly half a million African Americans migrated north between 1916 and 1919
Urban areas during this time periodNew YorkChicagoBostonNorth East!
African American Cultural Figures W.E.B. Du Bois Founder of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) Black Nationalist Policy Believed African Americans should stay independent of white Americans Booker T. Washington Assimilation of blacks into white culture Believed African Americans should be worked into white American culture “Cast Down Your Bucket Where You Are Speech” Marcus Garvey Segregationist policies and revolutionary tactics
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