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Post war culture

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  • 1. State Standards 9.2, 9.4, 9.12, 9.13
  • 2. New Domesticity Time of change and return to normalcy  Television  TV Dinners  Life in the suburbs  Americans move out of the city to the suburbs  Cookie Cutter homes
  • 3. New Domesticity. Baby Boom  When soldiers return home a baby boom results  Increased the population by 20%  Search for the American Dream  A family with a house in the Suburbs
  • 4. New Media Changing Lifestyles  Americans stay home to watch television instead of going out  In a ten year span the amount of households with a TV increases by 41 million
  • 5. New Media. 1960 Presidential Election  John F. Kennedy vs. Richard M. Nixon  Television brings the candidates into American homes  70 million viewers watch  Nixon Looks Old  Kennedy looks young and tan  GTL!
  • 6. New Media.. 1960 Presidential Election  Radio listeners to the debate claimed Nixon won  Television viewers claimed Kennedy won  50% of voters influenced by the television debate  Kennedy wins the election
  • 7. Tennessee and the Music Industry Grand Ole Opry  Nashville, TN  Popularizes country music on a national scale  WSM Radio  Broadcasted the Opry  Ralph Emery  DJ who helped make the Opry the longest running radio program in history
  • 8. Tennessee and the Music Industry Memphis  Sun Studios  Elvis Presley  Records rock n’ roll at Sun Studios  Stax Records  Otis Redding  Music featured on Stax Records which helped expose soul music and make it popular
  • 9. Expanding Horizons Federal Postwar Initiatives  GI Bill 1. Paid tuition for veterans who want to go to college 2. Gave veterans money to buy houses  Most buy houses in the suburbs
  • 10. Expanding Horizons. National Interstate and Highway Act  Created a nationwide system of highways  Allowed for easier and more extended travel  Based off of the Autobahn  Also aids in the suburbanization of America  Americans travel the roads, sightseeing spots, love affair with cars  62 Days Before, 4 After
  • 11. Segregation Continues African Americans continue moving north White Americans move to suburbs African Americans move to the inner city
  • 12. Segregation Continues. Jim Crow Laws  Racist Laws  Laws based off of “Separate but equal”  Separate But Equal  Separate but not equal develops
  • 13. Changing Gender Roles Women and the Workforce  Post WWII women forced to leave workforce  Average marrying age of women drops to 20 years  40% of women stay in workforce  Demoted to a “woman’s job”  Women do not earn as much as men do for the same job
  • 14. Changing Gender Roles. Ideal woman portrayed in television sitcoms Stereotypical Female Assets 1. Clean House 2. Neat Appearance 3. Well behaved children Rise of dissatisfaction  Not all women are happy with this life
  • 15. The Space Race Sputnik I  Russians launch the first satellite into orbit  US feels like far less of a super power  President Eisenhower  Blamed for the US not being as technologically advanced as Russia  Worries Sputnik can launch atomic bombs
  • 16. The Space Race. National Aeronautics and Space Act (NASA)  Goal was for the US to become a leader in space exploration Explorer I  US launches its first satellite
  • 17. The Space Race.. TV brings the Space Race into American’s homes  Apollo 11  July 20, 1969  Neil Armstrong  First man on the moon  “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”
  • 18. Educational Changes Sought to improve education in public schools  Focus shifts to most outstanding students  Prepare them for government jobs  Focused on math and science