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Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
Civil rights era
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Civil rights era

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  • 1. State Standards 9.7, 9.8, and 9.10
  • 2. Civil Rights Movement Goal  End Segregation in the South by staging various protests Three Leaders 1. Martin Luther King Jr 2. Malcom X 3. Stokely Carmichael
  • 3.  Malcom X  Martin Luther King JR  Pushed to end  Pushed to end segregation segregation  Father killed by white  Father was a Baptist supremacist preacher  Taught black supremacy  Taught passive  Violence resistance  Later he changes his  Nonviolence mind and supports MLK  Followed Ghandi’s teachings  Assassinated 1965  Assassinated 1968
  • 4. Stokely Carmichael Coined the phrase “Black Power” Leader of the Black Panther Party  Viewed the draft for Vietnam as racist
  • 5. School Desegregates Plessy v. Ferguson  Court Case  Established the principle of “separate but equal”
  • 6. School Desegregates. 1st Victory for Movement  Brown v. Board of Education  Supreme Court rules to end segregation in schools Albert Gore Sr.  Tennessee Senator who was for desegregation 2 Famous Schools 1. Clinton, Tennessee 2. Little Rock, Arkansas
  • 7. School Desegregates.. Clinton, Tennessee  1956  Clinton 12  12 African Americans enroll in all-white school  John Casper  White supremacist  Leads Protestors  Beating of Clinton 12 bodyguard and school bombings
  • 8. School Desegregates... Little Rock, Arkansas  Little Rock 9  9 African Americans who attend the High School  National Guard sent to force desegregation  Escorted students from class to class
  • 9. Fighting Segregation Diane Nash  Organizes lunch counter sit-ins in Nashville Rosa Parks  Arrested for refusing to move to the back of the bus  Leads to bus boycott  Boycott leads to desegregation of the bus system
  • 10. Fighting Segregation. Birmingham Alabama  Location of most violence in the Civil Rights movement  MLK stages a campaign for desegregation here  Sit ins, kneel ins, and boycotts  Fill the jails through passive resistance George Wallace  Governor of Alabama who opposed desegregation
  • 11. Fighting Segregation.. Eugene “Bull” Connor  Birmingham Commissioner of Public Safety  Ordered fire hoses and attack dogs to be used to stop MLK Americans change their minds Results in Birmingham being desegregated
  • 12. March on Washington “I have a dream”  Famous speech calling for equality Leads to Two Political Acts 1. Civil Rights Act of 1964  Ends legal discrimination based on race 2. Voting Rights Act of 1965  Allowed African Americans to vote Strom Thurman  Racist Senator who tried to stop the Civil Rights Act (Filibuster)
  • 13. Landmark Cases Gideon vs. Wainwright (1963)  Gideon arrested for robbing a poolroom  Can’t afford attorney, asks for one  Request denied  Establishes your right to an attorney
  • 14. Landmark Cases. Miranda vs. Arizona (1963)  Miranda commits a violent crime  Never informed of right to refuse to answer questions and the right to an attorney  Miranda Warning, “You have the right to remain silent…”
  • 15. Kennedy Assassination John F. Kennedy  November 22, 1963, Dallas, Texas  Kennedy shot in his car while he rides through the streets  Lee Harvey Oswald accused of assassination  Shot two days later by Jack Ruby  Huge conspiracy  Grassy Knoll  Bay of Pigs  Mob
  • 16. The Family Guy Version of Lee Harvey Oswald’s Death
  • 17. Great Society Lyndon B Johnson  President after Kennedy  The Great Society  Helping below the poverty line 1. Head Start  Free preschool 2. Medicaid  Medical care for people 3. Medicare  Medical care for old people
  • 18. Continued Upheaval April 4, 1968  Lorraine Motel  MLK Shot in Memphis  By James Earl Ray  King is buried in Atlanta, Georgia
  • 19. Women’s Movement Inspired by the Civil Rights movement Two Waves of Feminism 1. First wave of “feminism”  Process of women achieving the right to vote 2. Second wave of “feminism”  Gaining equality for women
  • 20. Women’s Movement. Betty Friedan  The Feminine Mystique  More to life than marriage and children National Organization for Women (NOW)  End the discrimination of women in the workplace Gloria Steinem  Founder of Ms. Magazine  Key voice of women’s rights
  • 21. Women’s Movement.. Equal Rights Amendment (ERA)  Prohibit legal discrimination based on gender  Passed the Senate but was not ratified by enough states  To this day there is no federal ERA  Some states have passed their own  Tennessee does not have one

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