State Standards 8.1 and 8.3
Totalitarianism Totalitarianism    Total control of     everything    Led by a single leader    Not interested in     ...
Totalitarianism. Dictators gave way to Totalitarianism in three countries  1. Soviet Union (Russia)  2. Italy  3. Germany
Russia  Emergence of Stalin     Leadership crisis in      Russia gives rise to      Stalin     Iosif Dzhugashvili      ...
Russia. Stalin    Starts out as Secretary     General        Uses this position to grow         his power        Works...
Russia.. Collectivization    Total government control     of economic activity        Especially what was         produ...
Italy Benito Mussolini    Becomes the leader of     the Fascist Party in Italy    Fascism
Italy. Benito Mussolini    Leads the Fascist Party’s     military wing        Black Shirts        Overthrows the king ...
Italy.. Benito Mussolini    Mussolini’s fascist     government was a more     relaxed version of     Nazism    Mussolin...
Japan• Split version of  Totalitarianism  • Emperor Hirohito    •   Godlike leader of the        government  • Hideki Tojo...
Dark Clouds on the Horizon Three of the most powerful countries in the world were now controlled by single leaders  1. St...
Dark Clouds on the Horizon. Great Depression had  led to the rise of  dictators         Bad economies had          given...
Hitler’s Early Life Poor student    Dropped out of school at     16    Wanted to become an     artist or architect    ...
Hitler’s Abilities Hitler joins the German  worker’s Party    Becomes NAZI Party Political Oratory    Excellent public...
The Nazi Party Violently Nationalistic    Storm Troopers (SA)        The Nazi’s military force Anti-Semitic    Hatred...
Hitler in Prison Hitler is thrown into prison  for a failed attempt to  overthrow the government While in prison he writ...
To Total Power To Power    Nazi Party gains power     quickly and Hitler     becomes Chancellor of     Germany    Hitle...
Dictator. Hatred towards Jews   Gestapo       Secret Police that begins to        relentlessly track down        enemie...
Isolationists Isolationism    Not becoming involved     in other nation’s issues American Neutrality Act    US is neut...
American Policy Toward Japan Japan becomes  aggressive in the Pacific American Embargo   Stopped exports of    aviation...
American Policy Toward Japan. ATTACK!    Decides to attack the     American Fleet at Pearl     Harbor, Hawaii    Must d...
Pearl Harbor December 7th, 1941   Radar station on Hawaii    detects oncoming    Japanese planes       Report is ignore...
Pearl Harbor. Devastating Attacks   2,400 American lives    lost   Japan loses 29 planes Disaster for America   Boats...
American Response Isolationism is OVER! FDR calls emergency meeting of Congress   Day of Infamy Speech   Asks Congress...
Causes of world war ii
Causes of world war ii
Causes of world war ii
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Causes of world war ii

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Causes of world war ii

  1. 1. State Standards 8.1 and 8.3
  2. 2. Totalitarianism Totalitarianism  Total control of everything  Led by a single leader  Not interested in individual freedom (civil liberties)  Used modern technology and propaganda
  3. 3. Totalitarianism. Dictators gave way to Totalitarianism in three countries 1. Soviet Union (Russia) 2. Italy 3. Germany
  4. 4. Russia  Emergence of Stalin  Leadership crisis in Russia gives rise to Stalin  Iosif Dzhugashvili (Stalin)  Stalin means “man of steel”
  5. 5. Russia. Stalin  Starts out as Secretary General  Uses this position to grow his power  Works his way to becoming Dictator  Establishes a powerful Communist State
  6. 6. Russia.. Collectivization  Total government control of economic activity  Especially what was produced and how Political Purges  Stalin purges (cleans out) the entire government to eliminate all of his enemies  Solidified his dictatorship
  7. 7. Italy Benito Mussolini  Becomes the leader of the Fascist Party in Italy  Fascism
  8. 8. Italy. Benito Mussolini  Leads the Fascist Party’s military wing  Black Shirts  Overthrows the king of Italy and sets up his own Fascist government.
  9. 9. Italy.. Benito Mussolini  Mussolini’s fascist government was a more relaxed version of Nazism  Mussolini known as El Duce  Wanted to restore Italy to its former glory
  10. 10. Japan• Split version of Totalitarianism • Emperor Hirohito • Godlike leader of the government • Hideki Tojo • Leader of the military • Held most of the power• Inspired by dreams of Japanese greatness.
  11. 11. Dark Clouds on the Horizon Three of the most powerful countries in the world were now controlled by single leaders 1. Stalin in Russia 2. Mussolini in Italy 3. Tojo in Japan
  12. 12. Dark Clouds on the Horizon. Great Depression had led to the rise of dictators  Bad economies had given the Dictators the chance to rise to power  The fourth and most powerful dictatorship was yet to come  Nazi Germany
  13. 13. Hitler’s Early Life Poor student  Dropped out of school at 16  Wanted to become an artist or architect  Could not gain admission to any schools to study Military Career  Joins German Army when World War I starts  Wounded twice  Earned five medals
  14. 14. Hitler’s Abilities Hitler joins the German worker’s Party  Becomes NAZI Party Political Oratory  Excellent public speaker  Had excellent Leadership abilities  1921  Voted the Fuhrer (leader) of the NAZI party
  15. 15. The Nazi Party Violently Nationalistic  Storm Troopers (SA)  The Nazi’s military force Anti-Semitic  Hatred of Jews  Looked upon the German people as superior to other races  Believed the Jews were an inferior race
  16. 16. Hitler in Prison Hitler is thrown into prison for a failed attempt to overthrow the government While in prison he writes Mein Kampf (My Struggle)  Book about Hitler’s major views 1. Outlined his belief in the superiority of the Aryan Race 2. Outline his plan for taking control of Europe 3. Conquest of Lebensraum  Living space for the German people
  17. 17. To Total Power To Power  Nazi Party gains power quickly and Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany  Hitler eliminates the Government  Becomes the complete dictator of Germany Third Reich  Hitler’s name for his new Empire  Hitler predicts his new Reich will last 1,000 years
  18. 18. Dictator. Hatred towards Jews  Gestapo  Secret Police that begins to relentlessly track down enemies of the state  Constantly hunted down Jews and Hitler’s Enemies
  19. 19. Isolationists Isolationism  Not becoming involved in other nation’s issues American Neutrality Act  US is neutral but can sell weapons to Allies Lend Lease Bill  US can “lend or lease” weapons to Britain that will be repaid after the war
  20. 20. American Policy Toward Japan Japan becomes aggressive in the Pacific American Embargo  Stopped exports of aviation fuel and iron to Japan  Japan has no resources to supply their Empire What should Japan Do?
  21. 21. American Policy Toward Japan. ATTACK!  Decides to attack the American Fleet at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii  Must destroy the Pacific Fleet in the Pacific
  22. 22. Pearl Harbor December 7th, 1941  Radar station on Hawaii detects oncoming Japanese planes  Report is ignored because operators think it is an expected shipment
  23. 23. Pearl Harbor. Devastating Attacks  2,400 American lives lost  Japan loses 29 planes Disaster for America  Boats and Planes had been parked closely together  America’s Pacific Fleet crippled
  24. 24. American Response Isolationism is OVER! FDR calls emergency meeting of Congress  Day of Infamy Speech  Asks Congress to declare war against Japan Congress declares war

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