American imperialism

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American imperialism

  1. 1. State Standards 7.1, 7.2, and 7.10
  2. 2. Imperialism Imperialism  More powerful countries bully smaller ones for their resources Both the US and European countries practiced imperialism
  3. 3. Hawaii Originally an independent monarchy  US missionaries to Hawaii became wealthy and powerful by owning sugar plantations  Export sugar to US  To avoid paying tariffs the US wanted to annex Hawaii  Missionaries take control of Hawaii (Marines help)
  4. 4. Hawaii. Queen Liliuokalani  Queen of Hawaii who was jailed when US takes over  Became a symbol of Hawaiian resistance against the US 1959  Hawaii votes to become the 50th state  Many in Hawaii still want independence
  5. 5. Target…China Imperialist countries searching  Searched for raw materials to export home  China  Divided into Spheres of Influence  Each country was given a sphere in which it could control trade
  6. 6. The Spanish-American War Spain ruled Cuba  Cuba rebels in 1895  United States declares neutrality  Many in Congress wanted to intervene
  7. 7. The Spanish American War. Yellow Journalism  Writers create interest in Cuba by exaggerating events in Cuba to boost newspaper sales  Joseph Pulitzer  William Randolph Hearst
  8. 8. The Spanish American War.. USS Maine  American ship that was anchored in Havana Harbor  Randomly blew up  266 American Sailors die  Yellow Journalists jump at the chance to sale newspapers by blaming Cuba “Remember the Maine”
  9. 9. The Spanish American War… Fighting in Cuba  Battle of San Juan Hill  Rough Riders under the command of future President Theodore Roosevelt Fighting in the Philippines  America and Filipino rebels capture the Philippines  Filipinos then revolt against US but fail to win freedom  Leads to the US having increased contact with Asia
  10. 10. The Spanish American War…. End of the War  Platt Amendment  Three parts 1. Cuba given independence 2. Cuba could not make treaties with other nations that were against American interests 3. Gave America control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay
  11. 11. Panama Canal France  1881-1887  France attempts to build a canal across Panama  1903  US buys the land to finish building canal  40,000 people work on the canal, opens in August 15, 1914  Canal was 50 miles across  Decreased the trip around South America by 8,000 miles
  12. 12. Big Stick Diplomacy Big Stickism  “Speak softly and carry a big stick”  Teddy Roosevelt’s idea for foreign policy Monroe Doctrine  US is the policing force of the Western Hemisphere  Roosevelt want no interference from European powers in the Western Hemisphere

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