American immigration

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American immigration

  1. 1. State Standards 6.4 and 6.5
  2. 2. Intense Changes Industrialism  Industrialization transforms the economy and the country Most intense changes results from the immigrants coming to the US
  3. 3. Old Immigrants Nation of Immigrants  US is a country made up of many groups of people  Melting Pot Old Immigrants  Wanted to get here NOW  N-North  O-Old  W-West  Easily accepted into US  Protestant
  4. 4. Old Immigrants. Immigrated for 2 reasons 1. Famine 2. Failed attempts to overthrow governments1. Irish Potato Famine  Irish immigrants came here to escape the famine in their home country
  5. 5. Old Immigrants..2. Failed Attempts to overthrow governments  Germany  Peasants failed to overthrow the monarchy in the country and fled to America
  6. 6. New Immigrants New Immigrants  From Southern and Eastern Europe  Sought to escape religious persecution Not accepted into US  Typically looked different, did not speak English, and were often Catholic or Jewish
  7. 7. New Immigrants. Ellis Island  Point in New York City where most immigrants first arrived in the US  Statue of Liberty
  8. 8. Changing Demographics New York City  47% of the population was foreign Immigrants bring their culture with them  Neighborhoods like Little Italy, New Ireland, and Chinatown take shape Most immigrants settled in cities but some moved out West
  9. 9. Growing Cities 1900  Three cities with populations over 1,000,000  New York, Chicago, and Philadelphia Tenement Living  Small, cramped five or six story apartment buildings  Entire floors shared one bathroom, garbage piled up outside, often burned down from candle fires, entire families lived in two to three rooms Jacob Riis  How the Other Half Lives
  10. 10. Immigration Backlash Rising Immigrant populations create racist attitudes  Nativism  Americans who hate immigrants and considered themselves “native” Americans Know-Nothing Party  Nativist political party that ran on an anti- immigration platform
  11. 11. Immigration Backlash. Yellow Peril  Asian Immigrants described as this because they threatened to undermine others’ opportunities by working jobs for lower wages Chinese Exclusion Act  Chinese were the first group targeted by immigration restriction
  12. 12. Immigration Backlash.. Johnson-Reed Act of 1924  Established quotas that limited immigration from different parts of the world  This system discriminated against immigrants from eastern and southern Europe  Asians and Japanese immigrants were excluded

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