• Like
Shifts notes 2a powerpoint
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

Shifts notes 2a powerpoint



  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Be the first to comment
No Downloads


Total Views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds



Embeds 0

No embeds

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

    No notes for slide


  • 1. Review
    • What is a shift?
    • When a writer moves from one form to another in a sentence.
    • Writers should AVOID shifts.
  • 2. Review
    • Types of Shifts:
    • Shifts in Person
      • When change from one form of person (1st, 2nd, 3rd) to another.
      • Example: Our family had a party. We ate cake. You played games.
    • Shifts in Number
      • When switch from singular or plural to the opposite.
      • Example: A person should always wear a seatbelt or they are in danger of being injured during a car accident.
  • 3. Review
    • Types of Shifts:
    • 3) Shifts in Verb Tense
      • When change one verb form (past or present) to another.
      • Example: I went to the outlet mall last Saturday. While there, I buy a whole new wardrobe.
  • 4. Shifts Notes #2 Mood, Voice
  • 5. 4) Shifts in Mood
    • Three types of mood in sentences
    • The indicative mood expresses a fact , opinion , or question . Most writing is in the indicative. EX: He is a jerk.
    • The imperative mood expresses a direct command or request . The subject is usually “you understood.” EX: Don’t be a jerk.
    • The subjunctive mood expresses a requirement or a desire . The subjunctive is often used after certain verbs or clauses, which are usually followed by the word that . EX: It is essential that he stops being a jerk.
  • 6. Mood Practice
    • What mood is each of these sentences in?
    • It is important that students study for the grammar test.
    • When are you going to the beach?
    • Never give up!
    • The final exam is sooner than you think.
    • I wish the semester was over!
  • 7. Shifts in Mood
    • A shift in mood occurs when a sentence starts out in one mood and changes to another.
    • AVOID shifts in mood!
    • Stay in mood you start in
  • 8. Shift in Mood
    • Example:
      • Go to the store , and would you please get me some ice cream ?
        • Begins in indicative --Switches to subjunctive
      • Correct version:
        • Go to the store and please get me some ice cream.
  • 9. 5) Shifts in Voice
    • RULE:
    • Sentences can be written in either the active voice or the passive voice.
      • Active voice =shows subject DOING action
      • Passive voice =shows subject RECEIVING action
    • In other words:
      • Active voice emphasizes the DOER
      • Passive voice emphasizes the DOING
  • 10. Active vs. Passive Voice
    • Active:
    • She sees a lot of movies.
    • She was inviting a lot of friends.
    • We planted the garden.
    • Sam has gotten several speeding tickets.
    • Passive:
    • A lot of movies are seen by her.
    • A lot of friends were being invited by her.
    • The garden was planted.
    • Several speeding tickets were gotten by Sam.
  • 11. Active vs. Passive Voice
    • Note that a sentence in the passive voice may have a “by-phrase”
      • Passive: The garden was planted by the neighbors.
    • The by-phrase is not always expressed: Passive: My wallet was stolen (by somebody).
  • 12. Shifts in Voice
    • A shift in voice occurs, for example, when a sentence starts out in one voice and changes to the other.
    • Examples:
      • I made the pies , but the rest of the dinner was made by my wife . (shifts from active to passive)
      • Mike’s paper was written by his girlfriend , but he put his name on it . (shifts from passive to active)
  • 13. Correcting Shifts in Voice
    • To correct a shift in voice, rewrite the sentence so that all of it is in the active voice.
    • Examples:
      • I made the pies , but my wife made the rest of the dinner . (both in active voice)
      • Mike’s girlfriend wrote his paper , but he put his name on it . (both in active voice)