Review <ul><li>What is a shift? </li></ul><ul><li>When a writer moves from one form to another in a sentence. </li></ul><u...
Review <ul><li>Types of Shifts: </li></ul><ul><li>Shifts in Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When change from one form of pers...
Review <ul><li>Types of Shifts: </li></ul><ul><li>3) Shifts in Verb Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When change one verb form ...
Shifts Notes #2 Mood, Voice
4) Shifts in Mood <ul><li>Three types of mood in sentences </li></ul><ul><li>The  indicative  mood expresses a  fact ,  op...
Mood Practice <ul><li>What mood is each of these sentences in? </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that students study for t...
Shifts in Mood <ul><li>A shift in mood occurs when a sentence starts out in one mood and changes to another. </li></ul><ul...
Shift in Mood <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to the store , and  would you please get me some ice cream ? </li>...
5) Shifts in Voice <ul><li>RULE: </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences can be written in either the  active  voice or the  passive  ...
Active vs. Passive Voice <ul><li>Active: </li></ul><ul><li>She sees a lot of movies. </li></ul><ul><li>She was inviting a ...
Active vs. Passive Voice <ul><li>Note that a sentence in the passive voice may have a “by-phrase”  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>P...
Shifts in Voice <ul><li>A shift in voice occurs, for example, when a sentence starts out in one voice and changes to the o...
Correcting Shifts in Voice <ul><li>To correct a shift in voice, rewrite the sentence so that all of it is in the  active v...
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Shifts notes 2a powerpoint

  1. 1. Review <ul><li>What is a shift? </li></ul><ul><li>When a writer moves from one form to another in a sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>Writers should AVOID shifts. </li></ul>
  2. 2. Review <ul><li>Types of Shifts: </li></ul><ul><li>Shifts in Person </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When change from one form of person (1st, 2nd, 3rd) to another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: Our family had a party. We ate cake. You played games. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Shifts in Number </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When switch from singular or plural to the opposite. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: A person should always wear a seatbelt or they are in danger of being injured during a car accident. </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Review <ul><li>Types of Shifts: </li></ul><ul><li>3) Shifts in Verb Tense </li></ul><ul><ul><li>When change one verb form (past or present) to another. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: I went to the outlet mall last Saturday. While there, I buy a whole new wardrobe. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Shifts Notes #2 Mood, Voice
  5. 5. 4) Shifts in Mood <ul><li>Three types of mood in sentences </li></ul><ul><li>The indicative mood expresses a fact , opinion , or question . Most writing is in the indicative. EX: He is a jerk. </li></ul><ul><li>The imperative mood expresses a direct command or request . The subject is usually “you understood.” EX: Don’t be a jerk. </li></ul><ul><li>The subjunctive mood expresses a requirement or a desire . The subjunctive is often used after certain verbs or clauses, which are usually followed by the word that . EX: It is essential that he stops being a jerk. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Mood Practice <ul><li>What mood is each of these sentences in? </li></ul><ul><li>It is important that students study for the grammar test. </li></ul><ul><li>When are you going to the beach? </li></ul><ul><li>Never give up! </li></ul><ul><li>The final exam is sooner than you think. </li></ul><ul><li>I wish the semester was over! </li></ul>
  7. 7. Shifts in Mood <ul><li>A shift in mood occurs when a sentence starts out in one mood and changes to another. </li></ul><ul><li>AVOID shifts in mood! </li></ul><ul><li>Stay in mood you start in </li></ul>
  8. 8. Shift in Mood <ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Go to the store , and would you please get me some ice cream ? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Begins in indicative --Switches to subjunctive </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Correct version: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Go to the store and please get me some ice cream. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. 5) Shifts in Voice <ul><li>RULE: </li></ul><ul><li>Sentences can be written in either the active voice or the passive voice. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active voice =shows subject DOING action </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive voice =shows subject RECEIVING action </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In other words: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Active voice emphasizes the DOER </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive voice emphasizes the DOING </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Active vs. Passive Voice <ul><li>Active: </li></ul><ul><li>She sees a lot of movies. </li></ul><ul><li>She was inviting a lot of friends. </li></ul><ul><li>We planted the garden. </li></ul><ul><li>Sam has gotten several speeding tickets. </li></ul><ul><li>Passive: </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of movies are seen by her. </li></ul><ul><li>A lot of friends were being invited by her. </li></ul><ul><li>The garden was planted. </li></ul><ul><li>Several speeding tickets were gotten by Sam. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Active vs. Passive Voice <ul><li>Note that a sentence in the passive voice may have a “by-phrase” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Passive: The garden was planted by the neighbors. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The by-phrase is not always expressed: Passive: My wallet was stolen (by somebody). </li></ul>
  12. 12. Shifts in Voice <ul><li>A shift in voice occurs, for example, when a sentence starts out in one voice and changes to the other. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I made the pies , but the rest of the dinner was made by my wife . (shifts from active to passive) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mike’s paper was written by his girlfriend , but he put his name on it . (shifts from passive to active) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Correcting Shifts in Voice <ul><li>To correct a shift in voice, rewrite the sentence so that all of it is in the active voice. </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>I made the pies , but my wife made the rest of the dinner . (both in active voice) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mike’s girlfriend wrote his paper , but he put his name on it . (both in active voice) </li></ul></ul>

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