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Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint
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Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint

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  • 1. Phrases and Clauses Review ENG 090
  • 2. Phrases & Clauses: Purpose <ul><li>Phrases and clauses are the building blocks of sentences. They need to be put together correctly to create strong, complete sentences. </li></ul>
  • 3. Two Types of Phrases and Clauses <ul><li>Those that can “stand alone”. These can be a sentence by themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Independent Clauses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Those that cannot “stand alone”. They need to be connected to other phrases/clauses to be a complete sentence . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dependent Clauses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phrases </li></ul></ul>
  • 4. General Definition of Clause <ul><li>A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>May also contain a complement (piece that further explains subject or verb--ie. adjective phrase or adverb phrase) </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Independent Clause <ul><li>An independent clause can “stand by itself”. It has all of the elements of a complete sentence </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject (what sentence is about--noun or pronoun) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verb (what subject does, did, or will do) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Complete thought (makes sense) </li></ul></ul>
  • 6. Examples of Independent Clauses <ul><li>I (subject) shall haunt (future tense verb) you till your dying day . (complete thought) </li></ul><ul><li>She (subject) had lost (past tense verb) her castanets . (complete thought) </li></ul><ul><li>I (subject) am (present tense verb). (complete thought. </li></ul>
  • 7. Dependent Clause <ul><li>A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb, but is not a complete thought . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is DEPENDENT on another clause to help it make sense. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cannot be a sentence by itself. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Must be connected to another sentence. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Also known as SUBORDINATE CLAUSE </li></ul>
  • 8. Dependent Clause <ul><li>A dependent clause always begins with a dependent word </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Word that makes this clause DEPEND on another one to make sense. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, if only, rather than, since, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whereas, wherever, whether, which, and while </li></ul>
  • 9. Phrases <ul><li>A group of words that does not contain a subject or a verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Cannot be a complete sentence by itself. </li></ul>
  • 10. Phrases and Clauses in a Nutshell <ul><li>Dependent clauses and phrases are MISSING essential pieces. They CANNOT be complete sentences . </li></ul><ul><li>Independent clauses have ALL they need to be COMPLETE sentences . </li></ul>

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