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Phrases clauses 090 powerpoint

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  • 1. Phrases and Clauses Review ENG 090
  • 2. Phrases & Clauses: Purpose
    • Phrases and clauses are the building blocks of sentences. They need to be put together correctly to create strong, complete sentences.
  • 3. Two Types of Phrases and Clauses
    • Those that can “stand alone”. These can be a sentence by themselves
      • Independent Clauses
    • Those that cannot “stand alone”. They need to be connected to other phrases/clauses to be a complete sentence .
      • Dependent Clauses
      • Phrases
  • 4. General Definition of Clause
    • A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb .
      • May also contain a complement (piece that further explains subject or verb--ie. adjective phrase or adverb phrase)
  • 5. Independent Clause
    • An independent clause can “stand by itself”. It has all of the elements of a complete sentence
      • Subject (what sentence is about--noun or pronoun)
      • Verb (what subject does, did, or will do)
      • Complete thought (makes sense)
  • 6. Examples of Independent Clauses
    • I (subject) shall haunt (future tense verb) you till your dying day . (complete thought)
    • She (subject) had lost (past tense verb) her castanets . (complete thought)
    • I (subject) am (present tense verb). (complete thought.
  • 7. Dependent Clause
    • A dependent clause contains a subject and a verb, but is not a complete thought .
      • It is DEPENDENT on another clause to help it make sense.
      • Cannot be a sentence by itself.
      • Must be connected to another sentence.
    • Also known as SUBORDINATE CLAUSE
  • 8. Dependent Clause
    • A dependent clause always begins with a dependent word
      • Word that makes this clause DEPEND on another one to make sense.
    • after, although, as, as if, because, before, even if, even though, if, if only, rather than, since, that, though, unless, until, when, where, whereas, wherever, whether, which, and while
  • 9. Phrases
    • A group of words that does not contain a subject or a verb.
    • Cannot be a complete sentence by itself.
  • 10. Phrases and Clauses in a Nutshell
    • Dependent clauses and phrases are MISSING essential pieces. They CANNOT be complete sentences .
    • Independent clauses have ALL they need to be COMPLETE sentences .