Fragment Sentences Identifying Fragments and Repairing Them
What is a Complete Sentence? <ul><li>A complete sentence is  an independent clause </li></ul><ul><li>A complete sentence c...
What is a Fragment Sentence? <ul><li>A fragment sentence is an  incomplete sentence.  One or more parts  of the complete s...
Sentence Building Blocks <ul><li>The parts of a complete sentence are its building blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>If blocks in ...
Fragment Sentence “Baby” <ul><li>A fragment sentence can’t stand on its own. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s like a baby learning t...
Examples of Fragments <ul><li>A short course in history. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s missing? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A st...
Identifying Sentence Fragments YES First--Ask yourself IS THERE A VERB? NO IT’S A FRAGMENT Next--Ask yourself IS THERE A S...
Identifying Sentence Fragments Next--Ask yourself IS THERE A WORD GROUP THAT DOES NOT HAVE A COMPLETE THOUGHT? (often begi...
Repairing Sentence Fragments <ul><li>Two ways to repair fragment sentences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attach  fragment to a nea...
Attaching <ul><li>Americans have come to fear the West Nile virus.  Because it is transmitted by the common mosquito. (FRA...
Adding <ul><li>Running for the bus. (fragment) </li></ul><ul><li>CORRECT: I twisted my ankle running for the bus. </li></ul>
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Fragments notes powerpoint

  1. 1. Fragment Sentences Identifying Fragments and Repairing Them
  2. 2. What is a Complete Sentence? <ul><li>A complete sentence is an independent clause </li></ul><ul><li>A complete sentence contains: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A subject (at least a noun) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A verb (action) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A complete thought </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Example: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The smelly old dog (subject) ate (verb) my shoe. (complete thought) </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. What is a Fragment Sentence? <ul><li>A fragment sentence is an incomplete sentence. One or more parts of the complete sentence are missing . </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fragments are PHRASES or DEPENDENT CLAUSES </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Phrase=group of words w/o subject and/or verb </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dependent clause=has a verb and subject, but cannot stand on its own, begins w/ dependent word </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Sentence Building Blocks <ul><li>The parts of a complete sentence are its building blocks. </li></ul><ul><li>If blocks in the row are missing the sentence can’t stand. It falls apart </li></ul>
  5. 5. Fragment Sentence “Baby” <ul><li>A fragment sentence can’t stand on its own. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s like a baby learning to walk. It needs an adult (independent clause) to keep it from falling over. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples of Fragments <ul><li>A short course in history. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s missing? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A student sleeping in class. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s missing? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Because I had lost my keys. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What’s missing? </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Identifying Sentence Fragments YES First--Ask yourself IS THERE A VERB? NO IT’S A FRAGMENT Next--Ask yourself IS THERE A SUBJECT? YES IT’S A FRAGMENT NO
  8. 8. Identifying Sentence Fragments Next--Ask yourself IS THERE A WORD GROUP THAT DOES NOT HAVE A COMPLETE THOUGHT? (often begins with because or when) YES IT’S A FRAGMENT NO IT’S A COMPLETE SENTENCE
  9. 9. Repairing Sentence Fragments <ul><li>Two ways to repair fragment sentences </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attach fragment to a nearby sentence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Add missing words to the fragment to make it into a complete sentence </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Attaching <ul><li>Americans have come to fear the West Nile virus. Because it is transmitted by the common mosquito. (FRAGMENT) </li></ul><ul><li>CORRECT: Americans have come to fear the West Nile virus because it is transmitted by the common mosquito. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Adding <ul><li>Running for the bus. (fragment) </li></ul><ul><li>CORRECT: I twisted my ankle running for the bus. </li></ul>
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