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Fragments notes powerpoint
 

Fragments notes powerpoint

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    Fragments notes powerpoint Fragments notes powerpoint Presentation Transcript

    • Fragment Sentences Identifying Fragments and Repairing Them
    • What is a Complete Sentence?
      • A complete sentence is an independent clause
      • A complete sentence contains:
        • A subject (at least a noun)
        • A verb (action)
        • A complete thought
      • Example:
        • The smelly old dog (subject) ate (verb) my shoe. (complete thought)
    • What is a Fragment Sentence?
      • A fragment sentence is an incomplete sentence. One or more parts of the complete sentence are missing .
        • Fragments are PHRASES or DEPENDENT CLAUSES
          • Phrase=group of words w/o subject and/or verb
          • Dependent clause=has a verb and subject, but cannot stand on its own, begins w/ dependent word
    • Sentence Building Blocks
      • The parts of a complete sentence are its building blocks.
      • If blocks in the row are missing the sentence can’t stand. It falls apart
    • Fragment Sentence “Baby”
      • A fragment sentence can’t stand on its own.
      • It’s like a baby learning to walk. It needs an adult (independent clause) to keep it from falling over.
    • Examples of Fragments
      • A short course in history.
        • What’s missing?
      • A student sleeping in class.
        • What’s missing?
      • Because I had lost my keys.
        • What’s missing?
    • Identifying Sentence Fragments YES First--Ask yourself IS THERE A VERB? NO IT’S A FRAGMENT Next--Ask yourself IS THERE A SUBJECT? YES IT’S A FRAGMENT NO
    • Identifying Sentence Fragments Next--Ask yourself IS THERE A WORD GROUP THAT DOES NOT HAVE A COMPLETE THOUGHT? (often begins with because or when) YES IT’S A FRAGMENT NO IT’S A COMPLETE SENTENCE
    • Repairing Sentence Fragments
      • Two ways to repair fragment sentences
        • Attach fragment to a nearby sentence
        • Add missing words to the fragment to make it into a complete sentence
    • Attaching
      • Americans have come to fear the West Nile virus. Because it is transmitted by the common mosquito. (FRAGMENT)
      • CORRECT: Americans have come to fear the West Nile virus because it is transmitted by the common mosquito.
    • Adding
      • Running for the bus. (fragment)
      • CORRECT: I twisted my ankle running for the bus.