THE LIFE ANDAC H I E VEME NT S O F ARISTOTLE アリストテレス
WHO IS ARISTOTLE? ア リ ス ト テ レ ス と は…•Aristotle was a Greek philosopher who lived in Macedonia, Greece.•Around 350 BC, he went to study with Plato at his (Plato’s)academy in Athens.•He left the school after Plato’s death.•Aristotle returned to Macedonia and tutored the son of a king,who was later known as Alexander the Great.•After Alexander became King, Aristotle founded Lyceum, his ownacademy.•Although he studied under Plato, Aristotle had different interestsfrom him; he was more interested in science and using logic to findhow the world worked.
ACHIEVEMENTS 成し遂げたこと Aristotle was particularly interested in biology. During his travels ofWestern Asia, Alexander the Great sent messengers all over the land to bringsamples of unknown plants and animals to Aristotle for studying. He was the first person to study life at a scientific angle He was the first to classify animals by species, studied human anatomy,astronomy, meteorology, and created the theory of living things possessingsouls. He created the standard for scientific research, with two types ofarguments: dialectical, which is logical deduction, and empirical, which is thebelief that knowledge can only be attained through experience.
RHETORIC Aristotle was the first person to accept rhetoric (the art of speaking and writing effectively using persuasion) unlike Socrates and Plato. There are three terms to become an effective writer: Ethos: ethical appeal, convincing people by means of the author’s character (You tend to believe who you respect) Logos: persuasion by means of logic and reason/ for example, scholarly documents and documents distributed by companies/businesses. Pathos: appeal based on emotion, for example, advertisements.
WHY IS HE IMPORTANT? なぜアリストテレスは重要ですか？ He laid the groundwork for reason and established main principles ofscientific epistemology Greatly influenced Western theology and philosophy His works covered a wide variety of subjects such as ethics, logic, politics,poetry, rhetoric, physics, and biology, which greatly influenced the scholars ofthe Middle Ages and the Renaissance as well as the traditions of the CatholicChurch.