Some believe that the roots of cubism are to be found in the two distinct tendencies of Cézanne's later work: firstly to break the painted surface into small multifaceted areas of paint, thereby emphasizing the plural viewpoint given by binocular vision , and secondly his interest in the simplification of natural forms into cylinders, spheres, and cones. However, the cubists explored this concept further than Cézanne; they represented all the surfaces of depicted objects in a single picture plane, as if the objects had all their faces visible at the same time. This new kind of depiction revolutionized the way in which objects could be visualized in painting and art.
Braque's paintings of 1908–1913 reflected his new interest in geometry and simultaneous perspective . He conducted an intense study of the effects of light and perspective and the technical means that painters use to represent these effects, seeming to question the most standard of artistic conventions. In 1912, they began to experiment with collage and papier collé .
Analytic cubism (1909–1912) is a style of painting Picasso developed along with Georges Braque using monochrome brownish and neutral colors. Both artists took apart objects and “analyzed” them in terms of their shapes. Picasso and Braque’s paintings at this time have many similarities. Synthetic cubism (1912–1919) was a further development of the genre, in which cut paper fragments—often wallpaper or portions of newspaper pages—were pasted into compositions, marking the first use of collage in fine art.
better known as Juan Gris , was a Spanish painter and sculptor who lived and worked in France most of his life. His works, which are closely connected to the emergence of an innovative artistic genre— Cubism —are among the movement's most distinctive. 1 by 1912 he had developed a personal Cubist style. At first Gris painted in the analytic style of Cubism, but after 1913 he began his conversion to synthetic Cubism, of which he became a steadfast interpreter, with extensive use of papier collé . Unlike Picasso and Braque, whose Cubist works were monochromatic , Gris painted with bright harmonious colors in daring, novel combinations in the manner of his friend Matisse. Gris exhibited with the painters of the Puteaux Group in the Salon de la Section d'Or in 1912. His preference for clarity and order influenced the Purist style of Amédée Ozenfant and Charles Edouard Jeanneret ( Le Corbusier ), and made Gris an important exemplar of the post-war &quot; return to order &quot; movement. 4
1. Cubism Cubism was a 20th century avant-garde art movement , pioneered by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque , that revolutionized European painting and sculpture , and inspired related movements in music , literature and architecture . The first branch of cubism, known as Analytic Cubism , was both radical and influential as a short but highly significant art movement between 1907 and 1911 in France. In its second phase, Synthetic Cubism, the movement spread and remained vital until around 1919, when the Surrealist movement gained popularity.
2. <ul><li>Fruitdish and Glass </li></ul><ul><li>Georges Braque </li></ul><ul><li>(13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) </li></ul>
3. <ul><li>Violin and Candlestick </li></ul><ul><li>Georges Braque </li></ul><ul><li>(13 May 1882 – 31 August 1963) </li></ul>
4. <ul><li>Three Musicians </li></ul><ul><li>Pablo Ruiz Picasso (Spanish pronunciation </li></ul><ul><li>25 October 1881 – 8 April 1973) </li></ul>
5. <ul><li>The Sunblind, 1914 </li></ul><ul><li>José Victoriano González-Pérez (March 23, 1887 – May 11, 1927), otherwise known as Juan Gris </li></ul>
6. <ul><li>Still Life with Checked Tablecloth </li></ul><ul><li>Juan Gris 1915 </li></ul>