pred nom & pred adj

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pred nom & pred adj

  1. 1. Predicate Nominative and Adjectives
  2. 2. So far… <ul><li>So far we have talked about Objects that come after action verbs. </li></ul><ul><li>We are now learning what comes after linking verbs. </li></ul>
  3. 3. The Subject Complement <ul><li>This is not something nice you say to a subject. </li></ul><ul><li>The subject complement is a noun, pronoun, or adjective that comes after a linking verb and identifies or describes the subject. </li></ul><ul><li>There are two kinds: Predicate Nominative and Predicate Adjectives. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Remember Linking Verbs <ul><li>The most common linking verb is “to be” </li></ul><ul><li>I am was </li></ul><ul><li>You are were </li></ul><ul><li>He is was </li></ul><ul><li>We are were </li></ul><ul><li>They are were </li></ul><ul><li>Also: be, being, been </li></ul><ul><li>The following are sometimes linking verbs </li></ul><ul><li>Appear Feel make </li></ul><ul><li>Look Seem continue </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Taste keep </li></ul><ul><li>Become Grow stand </li></ul><ul><li>Remain Smell get </li></ul><ul><li>Stay Turn go </li></ul><ul><li>Fall sit run </li></ul><ul><li>Come prove lie </li></ul>
  5. 5. Predicate Nouns <ul><li>Earlier we learned that a Direct Object receives the action of the action verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Now we are learning that a Predicate Noun is linked to the Subject by a linking verb. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember that linking verbs act like equal signs. The Subject = Predicate Noun </li></ul>
  6. 6. Examples <ul><li>Jim is my youth pastor . </li></ul><ul><li>He is a really nice guy . </li></ul><ul><li>At first he seemed to be a nerd . </li></ul><ul><li>He has been a student in seminary for years. </li></ul><ul><li>However, he soon became our friend . </li></ul><ul><li>Jim will always be an important person in my life. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Things to know <ul><li>A Predicate Nominative is always a Noun (obviously). </li></ul><ul><li>A Predicate Nominative will never come inside a prepositional phrase. </li></ul><ul><li>Unless it is a question, the Predicate Nominative will always come after the linking verb: Subject-Linking Verb-Predicate Nominative </li></ul><ul><li>Predicate Nominative always use subject pronouns (not object pronouns) I, he, she, we, they, who </li></ul>
  8. 8. Practice Labeling the PN <ul><li>My school is Presbyterian Day School. </li></ul><ul><li>The youth group is a collection of all types of kids. </li></ul><ul><li>Some kids are skaters. </li></ul><ul><li>Some kids seem to be skaters but are preppies. </li></ul><ul><li>Other kids have always been rap fans. </li></ul><ul><li>Two kids are country music types. </li></ul><ul><li>They are nice. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Practice Labeling the PN <ul><li>My school is Presbyterian Day School . </li></ul><ul><li>The youth group is a collection of all types of kids. </li></ul><ul><li>Some kids are skaters . </li></ul><ul><li>Some kids seem to be skaters but are preppies . </li></ul><ul><li>Other kids have always been rap fans . </li></ul><ul><li>Two kids are country music types . </li></ul><ul><li>They are nice. (None) </li></ul>
  10. 10. How come “nice” was not a PN? <ul><li>“Nice” is an adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>A Predicate Nominative must be a Noun. </li></ul><ul><li>“Nice” is a Predicate Adjective. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Predicate Adjective <ul><li>A Predicate Adjective is similar to a Predicate Noun in that it always comes after a Linking Verb. </li></ul><ul><li>The Predicate Adjective is always an Adjective. </li></ul><ul><li>The PA describes/modifies the Subject. </li></ul><ul><li>Since a Linking Verb acts like an equals sign, Subject = Predicate Adjective </li></ul><ul><li>You will not have a PN and a PA next to each other! </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examples <ul><li>Sarah is cool . </li></ul><ul><li>Before this year, she seemed really shy . </li></ul><ul><li>Her voice sounds really soft and quiet . </li></ul><ul><li>However, her guitar playing has become loud . </li></ul><ul><li>She is awfully talented with her guitar. </li></ul><ul><li>Some day she will be a famous musician. </li></ul>
  13. 13. How to Label <ul><li>When labeling Subject Complements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Label all Prepositional Phrases first </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Label the Subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Find the Verb. Is it an Action Verb (AV) or a Linking Verb (LV) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If it is a Linking Verb, what word is the Subject being linked to? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is that word a Noun (PN) or an Adjective (PA)? </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Practice <ul><li>My favorite basketball team is the Lakers. </li></ul><ul><li>They were awesome last year. </li></ul><ul><li>This year they seem distracted. </li></ul><ul><li>During the championship they will be victorious. </li></ul><ul><li>Hopefully, they are the best team again. </li></ul><ul><li>They should win their division at least. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Practice: PN or PA <ul><li>My favorite basketball team is the Lakers . </li></ul><ul><li>They were awesome last year. </li></ul><ul><li>This year they seem distracted . </li></ul><ul><li>During the championship they will be victorious . </li></ul><ul><li>Hopefully, they are the best team again. </li></ul><ul><li>They should win their division at least. (None) </li></ul>
  16. 16. More Practice <ul><li>The Clippers are my other favorite team. </li></ul><ul><li>They are not very good. </li></ul><ul><li>However, their games are so exciting. </li></ul><ul><li>Their players have grown very skillful. </li></ul><ul><li>Their best players are rookies and sophomores. </li></ul><ul><li>They dunk the ball really well. </li></ul><ul><li>Who is your favorite? </li></ul>
  17. 17. More Practice: PN or PA <ul><li>The Clippers are my other favorite team . </li></ul><ul><li>The are not very good . </li></ul><ul><li>However, their games are so exciting . </li></ul><ul><li>Their players have grown very skillful . </li></ul><ul><li>Their best players are rookies and sophomores . </li></ul><ul><li>They dunk the ball really well. (None) </li></ul><ul><li>Who is your favorite ? </li></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Yoda is very talented with the force. </li></ul><ul><li>He is the oldest Jedi. </li></ul><ul><li>He may be short, but he is tough! </li></ul><ul><li>Yoda used to be a puppet in the old movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, they make him on a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>In this movie, Yoda has a lightsaber. </li></ul><ul><li>His lightsaber is short and green. </li></ul><ul><li>Why does he need a cane? </li></ul>Practice Labeling PA’s, PN’s, and DO’s
  19. 19. Practice Labeling PA’s, PN’s and DO’s <ul><li>Spongebob is big and yellow. </li></ul><ul><li>His friend is Patrick. </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick looks kinda funny today. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Practice Labeling PA ’s, PN ’s and DO ’s <ul><li>Spongebob is big and yellow . </li></ul><ul><li>His friend is Patrick . </li></ul><ul><li>Patrick looks kinda funny today. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Practice Labeling PA ’s, PN ’s, and DO ’s <ul><li>Yoda is very talented with the force. </li></ul><ul><li>He is the oldest Jedi . </li></ul><ul><li>He may be short , but he is tough ! </li></ul><ul><li>Yoda used to be a puppet in the old movies. </li></ul><ul><li>Now, they make him on a computer. </li></ul><ul><li>In this movie, Yoda has a lightsaber . </li></ul><ul><li>His lightsaber is short and green . </li></ul><ul><li>Why does he need a cane ? </li></ul>

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