Alcohol Presentation


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Alcohol Presentation

  1. 1. Alcohol : Pleasures and Problems
  2. 2. Alcohol <ul><li>What are some reasons why people choose to drink? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Curious Peer Pressure Addicted </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like the taste Celebrations Relax </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Relieve stress Religion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Like the effects Escape problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>To socialize more easily </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Alcohol <ul><li>What are some reasons why people choose to abstain from drinking? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion Underage Sports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t like taste Past Experience </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Family history of alcoholism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t like the effects Expense DD </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Don’t need artificial means to have fun </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Medical conditions (pregnancy or medication conflict ) </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Alcohol <ul><li>True or False: Alcohol passes through the body the same way every time? </li></ul>
  5. 5. True-Alcohol passes the same. <ul><li>1) Swallowed through the mouth </li></ul><ul><li>2) Stomach-small amount of alcohol is absorbed into the blood stream through the stomach wall. </li></ul>
  6. 6. True-Alcohol passes the same <ul><li>3) Small Intestine- Most of the alcohol passes into the bloodstream through the small intestine. </li></ul><ul><li>4) Bloodstream-takes blood and alcohol all over the body. </li></ul>
  7. 7. True-Alcohol passes the same <ul><li>5) Liver-organ where alcohol is oxidized-turned into water, carbon dioxide, and energy at a rate of ½ oz. of alcohol per hour for adults. </li></ul><ul><li>6) Brain-affects the brain by depressing (or slowing down the it’s function. </li></ul>
  8. 8. 4 Factors that influence how alcohol affects people <ul><li>1)Body weight- more body weight-more alcohol to get the same effects. </li></ul><ul><li>2) If one has had anything to eat before or during drinking </li></ul>Vs.
  9. 9. 4 Factors that influence how alcohol affects people <ul><li>3) Amount of alcohol consumed </li></ul><ul><li>4) Thoughts & Expectations: Often what you think alcohol will do for you is what it actually does for you. </li></ul>
  10. 10. Define Psychological tolerance <ul><li>Learning what the effects of alcohol are and then compensating for those effects so that a person does not appear to be as affected by alcohol as they really are. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Alcohol’s Most Common Effects <ul><li>1) Pleasure </li></ul><ul><li>2) Inhibitions loosened: “Life of the Party” </li></ul><ul><li>3) Thinking skills impaired </li></ul><ul><li>4)Physical performance impaired </li></ul><ul><li>5)Diseases and Bodily Damage: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cirrhosis of liver </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brain function </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Delirium Tremens </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Death </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Alcohol’s Most Common Effects <ul><li>6) Physical Tolerance: body gets used to having the alcohol in the system-need more alcohol to get the same effects with smaller amounts previously. </li></ul><ul><li>7)Body Temperature-generates more heat as it cools off the body lowering body temp. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Alcohol’s Most Common Effects <ul><li>8) Energizer: makes person seem like they have more energy. Example: run a lot faster-all a myth. </li></ul><ul><li>9) Hangovers: happens after all alcohol has left body. There is no cure or short cut for getting rid of hangover, except time. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Most People who die from cirrhosis of the liver are heavy drinkers? T or F <ul><li>True- There are other causes of cirrhosis, but by far the most common cause is heavy alcohol drinking. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Alcohol seems to permanently destroy brain cells. T or F <ul><li>True- alcohol does destroy brain cells every time it is consumed. Over time and use it may cause a person to lose certain functions of the brain. The earlier one starts drinking and the more a person uses the faster the brain function is lost. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Define Delirium Tremens <ul><li>Hallucinations suffered by an alcoholic when they do not have alcohol in their system. In other words, when someone who is addicted to alcohol is going through withdrawal. </li></ul>
  17. 17. 3 People die in the US from alcohol poisoning everyday. T or F <ul><li>True- over 1,095 people die in a year simply from drinking too much too fast! </li></ul>
  18. 18. Define Physical Tolerance: <ul><li>When one needs more and more of a substance to get the same effects they used to get with smaller amounts. </li></ul>
  19. 19. What are 3 reasons alcohol has a stronger effect on Teens than adults? <ul><li>1) Usually smaller body weight </li></ul><ul><li>2) Less psychological tolerance for teens </li></ul><ul><li>3) More stress in teen lives </li></ul><ul><li>4) Liver does not completely mature until early 20’s-can’t oxidize alcohol as fast as a result. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Define BAC <ul><li>Blood Alcohol Concentration/Content: How much alcohol is in your system compared to how much total blood volume you have. </li></ul><ul><li>.08% is the illegal driving limit in MN. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Factors Influencing BAC <ul><li>If you have eaten before or during your drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>How much a person weighs. </li></ul><ul><li>How much the person has had to drink. </li></ul><ul><li>How much time has elapsed between drinks. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Levels of Intoxication <ul><li>.08%-Illegal limit for most states in US </li></ul><ul><li>.2%-Inhibitions loosened. Do things you would never do sober. “Life of the Party” syndrome </li></ul><ul><li>.3%-Senses severely impaired. Slurred speech, staggering when walking. </li></ul><ul><li>.4%-Pass out. Become unconscious-looks like you are sleeping. </li></ul><ul><li>.5%-Fatal dose for most people. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Define a Social Drinker <ul><li>A social drinker is a person who can control their drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>They rarely if ever drink to excess. </li></ul>
  24. 24. Define a Problem Drinker: <ul><li>A person who can control their drinking. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not have to drink very often but when they do drink they cause problems for themselves or others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abuse spouse or children </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drive under the influence </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Drinking aggravates other medical conditions . </li></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Define alcoholism: <ul><li>A person who can not control their drinking at all or only for a short period of time. </li></ul><ul><li>When an alcoholic starts drinking they will continue to drink until they run out of alcohol or they pass out. </li></ul><ul><li>Most important reason alcoholics won’t admit they have a problem is that it means they won’t be able to continue to drink. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Drinking Stats: <ul><li>More teens have problem with alcohol than any other chemical. </li></ul><ul><li>More men than women have problems with alcohol-there are probably more women than we are aware of-easier for them to hide. </li></ul>
  27. 27. Why do People continue to drink despite problems? <ul><li>Psychological: Something in their thoughts and feelings causes them to drink. </li></ul><ul><li>Social: How people drink is a result from what is going on in their society. Whether they are taught that drunkenness is acceptable or not. </li></ul><ul><li>Biological: There is some evidence that alcoholism may be genetic. </li></ul>
  28. 28. Treatments <ul><li>Drugs: Antabuse is most common. Makes a person ill if they drink with this in their system. </li></ul><ul><li>Talking Cures: psychologists, trained counselors. </li></ul><ul><li>Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): World-wide organization where alcoholics talk about what their drinking did to them and their families. </li></ul>