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Alcohol Presentation Alcohol Presentation Presentation Transcript

  • Alcohol : Pleasures and Problems
  • Alcohol
    • What are some reasons why people choose to drink?
      • Curious Peer Pressure Addicted
      • Like the taste Celebrations Relax
      • Relieve stress Religion
      • Like the effects Escape problems
      • To socialize more easily
  • Alcohol
    • What are some reasons why people choose to abstain from drinking?
      • Religion Underage Sports
      • Don’t like taste Past Experience
      • Family history of alcoholism
      • Don’t like the effects Expense DD
      • Don’t need artificial means to have fun
      • Medical conditions (pregnancy or medication conflict )
    View slide
  • Alcohol
    • True or False: Alcohol passes through the body the same way every time?
    View slide
  • True-Alcohol passes the same.
    • 1) Swallowed through the mouth
    • 2) Stomach-small amount of alcohol is absorbed into the blood stream through the stomach wall.
  • True-Alcohol passes the same
    • 3) Small Intestine- Most of the alcohol passes into the bloodstream through the small intestine.
    • 4) Bloodstream-takes blood and alcohol all over the body.
  • True-Alcohol passes the same
    • 5) Liver-organ where alcohol is oxidized-turned into water, carbon dioxide, and energy at a rate of ½ oz. of alcohol per hour for adults.
    • 6) Brain-affects the brain by depressing (or slowing down the it’s function.
  • 4 Factors that influence how alcohol affects people
    • 1)Body weight- more body weight-more alcohol to get the same effects.
    • 2) If one has had anything to eat before or during drinking
    Vs.
  • 4 Factors that influence how alcohol affects people
    • 3) Amount of alcohol consumed
    • 4) Thoughts & Expectations: Often what you think alcohol will do for you is what it actually does for you.
  • Define Psychological tolerance
    • Learning what the effects of alcohol are and then compensating for those effects so that a person does not appear to be as affected by alcohol as they really are.
  • Alcohol’s Most Common Effects
    • 1) Pleasure
    • 2) Inhibitions loosened: “Life of the Party”
    • 3) Thinking skills impaired
    • 4)Physical performance impaired
    • 5)Diseases and Bodily Damage:
      • Cirrhosis of liver
      • Brain function
      • Delirium Tremens
      • Death
  • Alcohol’s Most Common Effects
    • 6) Physical Tolerance: body gets used to having the alcohol in the system-need more alcohol to get the same effects with smaller amounts previously.
    • 7)Body Temperature-generates more heat as it cools off the body lowering body temp.
  • Alcohol’s Most Common Effects
    • 8) Energizer: makes person seem like they have more energy. Example: run a lot faster-all a myth.
    • 9) Hangovers: happens after all alcohol has left body. There is no cure or short cut for getting rid of hangover, except time.
  • Most People who die from cirrhosis of the liver are heavy drinkers? T or F
    • True- There are other causes of cirrhosis, but by far the most common cause is heavy alcohol drinking.
  • Alcohol seems to permanently destroy brain cells. T or F
    • True- alcohol does destroy brain cells every time it is consumed. Over time and use it may cause a person to lose certain functions of the brain. The earlier one starts drinking and the more a person uses the faster the brain function is lost.
  • Define Delirium Tremens
    • Hallucinations suffered by an alcoholic when they do not have alcohol in their system. In other words, when someone who is addicted to alcohol is going through withdrawal.
  • 3 People die in the US from alcohol poisoning everyday. T or F
    • True- over 1,095 people die in a year simply from drinking too much too fast!
  • Define Physical Tolerance:
    • When one needs more and more of a substance to get the same effects they used to get with smaller amounts.
  • What are 3 reasons alcohol has a stronger effect on Teens than adults?
    • 1) Usually smaller body weight
    • 2) Less psychological tolerance for teens
    • 3) More stress in teen lives
    • 4) Liver does not completely mature until early 20’s-can’t oxidize alcohol as fast as a result.
  • Define BAC
    • Blood Alcohol Concentration/Content: How much alcohol is in your system compared to how much total blood volume you have.
    • .08% is the illegal driving limit in MN.
  • Factors Influencing BAC
    • If you have eaten before or during your drinking.
    • How much a person weighs.
    • How much the person has had to drink.
    • How much time has elapsed between drinks.
  • Levels of Intoxication
    • .08%-Illegal limit for most states in US
    • .2%-Inhibitions loosened. Do things you would never do sober. “Life of the Party” syndrome
    • .3%-Senses severely impaired. Slurred speech, staggering when walking.
    • .4%-Pass out. Become unconscious-looks like you are sleeping.
    • .5%-Fatal dose for most people.
  • Define a Social Drinker
    • A social drinker is a person who can control their drinking.
    • They rarely if ever drink to excess.
  • Define a Problem Drinker:
    • A person who can control their drinking.
    • Do not have to drink very often but when they do drink they cause problems for themselves or others
      • Abuse spouse or children
      • Drive under the influence
      • Drinking aggravates other medical conditions .
  • Define alcoholism:
    • A person who can not control their drinking at all or only for a short period of time.
    • When an alcoholic starts drinking they will continue to drink until they run out of alcohol or they pass out.
    • Most important reason alcoholics won’t admit they have a problem is that it means they won’t be able to continue to drink.
  • Drinking Stats:
    • More teens have problem with alcohol than any other chemical.
    • More men than women have problems with alcohol-there are probably more women than we are aware of-easier for them to hide.
  • Why do People continue to drink despite problems?
    • Psychological: Something in their thoughts and feelings causes them to drink.
    • Social: How people drink is a result from what is going on in their society. Whether they are taught that drunkenness is acceptable or not.
    • Biological: There is some evidence that alcoholism may be genetic.
  • Treatments
    • Drugs: Antabuse is most common. Makes a person ill if they drink with this in their system.
    • Talking Cures: psychologists, trained counselors.
    • Alcoholics Anonymous (AA): World-wide organization where alcoholics talk about what their drinking did to them and their families.