Exam question feedbackHow to achieve the top marks in a question
The question• It was asking you to DESCRIBE and EXPLAIN the DIFFERENCES in RURAL and URBAN populations in 2009• Put simply……you identify some differences…….describe them using data……..then explain the difference you have just described.
Common mistakes…• Lots of you described. But used NO DATA.• Lots of you used Resource 1 and not Resource 2!• Some of you waffled and wrote too much.• Many of you, your points and developments got mixed up.
Follow this simple formula…• IDEA – – IDENTIFY the difference you want to describe (F had to do 2 and higher probably 2 or 3) – DESCRIBE the first difference using data from the graph. – EXPLAIN the difference (give reasons why it exists – this is called developing your answer) – ANALYSE by taking your explanation further using a connective like ‘this means that’ or ‘therefore’.• Then do it all over again for another difference.
Example• The biggest difference is in the 16-29 year old category where there are 20% living in urban areas compared to 13% living in rural areas. This is because there will be many students at universities who need to be close to their studies and many of them will find better job opportunities in the urban areas, meaning they will settle there in the long term.
Once you learn the formula..• You can apply IDEA to any question. – Suggest reasons for….. – Describe and explain…. – Give reasons for…. – Explain why….• Learn to be savvy….look out for how many marks things are worth. – 1,2 or 3 marks generally are point marked – Anything longer, you MUST use this IDEA technique.
•These are level marked: the examiner reads your wholeanswer and decides which level its fits into•Examiners are looking for: Clear meaning (stick to the question!) A number of reasons/ explanations for your choice (which are developed well using connectives) All bullet points covered Using evidence/data from resources Legible writing Good spelling, punctuation & grammar Stating which sustainability you are talking about
•40 marks in 60 minutes•Spend a mark a minute on the first 2sections (A&B)•Spend half an hour on the Section Cquestion (sustainable decision making)
On the next slides…• Here you will find two sample answers for the section C part of the exam.• Look over them and annotate them with descriptions, explanations, analysis and key geographic vocabulary.• Look at how many times I have used the terms: – Social, economic and environmental sustainability.
Option one will provide 15,000 new homes, which includes 4500 starter homes. This is socially sustainable because it not only helps to ease thehousing crisis, but it provides first time buyers with the opportunity to own their own home. This means that younger generations may be able to repopulate ruralareas instead of move to the urban areas, encouraging more taxes to be paid in the area, which is economically sustainable. Compared with option 2, which will build only 700 starter homes and option 3, which will not encourage young people into ruralareas, because they will only develop urban brownfield sites, this option is more sustainable.
Option one will have to build on greenfield site and therefore is environmentally unsustainable. By puttingdown tarmac/concrete surfaces and installing new drainage systems it will reduce infiltration and increase surfacerunoff, so increasing the flood risk in the area. There is also patches of woodland, for example at Crow Spinney at666006, which may be removed. Reducing interception and increasing the flood risk. Traffic in the area will alsoincrease, especially along the Gartree Road, despite the fact there will be an integrated public transport system. Thisagain, is environmentally unsustainable because it increases carbon emissions into the atmosphere and will increase noise pollution, especially for exisiting residents of Stoughton and Little Stretton. Social sustainability is affected too, as commuters will have longer journey times into Leicester, decreasing their leisure time.