Federal Regulations for Special Education“The Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) is afederal law enacted in 1990 and reauthorized in 1997 and2004. It is designed to protect the rights of students withdisabilities by ensuring that everyone receives a freeappropriate public education (FAPE), regardless of ability.Furthermore, IDEA strives not only to grant equal access tostudents with disabilities, but also to provide additionalspecial education services and procedural safeguards.”
Defining Special Needs0 Definition- A student that may have a difficulty learning and functioning in the classroom.0 Different Types of Special Needs: 0 Medical Issues such as cancer and heart defects, muscular dystrophy and cystic fibrosis; chronic conditions like asthma and diabetes; congenital conditions like cerebral palsy and dwarfism; and health threats like food allergies and obesity 0 Behavior Issues such as ADHD, Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder, Dysfunction of Sensory Integration, and Tourette Syndrome 0 Developmental Issues such as like autism, Down syndrome and intellectual disabilities 0 Learning Issues such as dyslexia and Central Auditory Processing Disorder
Ways to Enhance Their Education0Individualized Education Programs (IEP)0Scholastic Enhancement Tools 0Assistive Technology 0Non-Technological Activities
Individualized Education ProgramThe Individualized Education Program is a program offered by the public school system, free of charge, thatprovides struggling and disabled students the extra help needed in the regular classroom. 0 IEP is dedicated to determining the students ability to continue in the regular education curriculum. “Comprehensive planning by the IEP Team is the key to determining the least restrictive environment (LRE). The IEP team must assess whether students with disabilities can participate and progress in the general education curriculum.” 0 Services of the IEP when they participate in general education curriculum: 0 Individual attention with school work from specific teacher. 0 Resource Room to serve a group of students with similar needs. 0 Class time dedicated for the special need students while others students work on other material. 0 “Proponents of placement is the assumption that a student must "earn" his or her opportunity to be placed in regular classes by demonstrating an ability to "keep up" with the work assigned by the regular classroom teacher.” 0 Remember teachers are responsible for inclusion in the classroom which means that we will “express commitment to educate each child, to the maximum extent appropriate, in the school and classroom he or she would otherwise attend.”
Assistive Technology for the Classroom0 Computers can be used for all Special Needs Students especially ADHD students. Such activities can be used: 0 Internet Based Activities such as blogging, online publications, school run chat rooms, education programs/games, etc. These activities can be used to include all students in the classroom. 0 Multimedia Tools such as “text, speech, graphics, pictures, audio, and video in reference-based software is especially effective in meeting the heterogeneous learning needs of students with mild disabilities.” 0 E-books are great for students with hearing, attention, and undeveloped reading skills.0 Hearing Assistive Technology are devices that can help the student with hearing difficulties function better in their day-to-day communication situations. 0 Closed Captioning can be placed on any information or video being watched. 0 Text Telephones are used to allow the students to communicate with others in the classroom. 0 Hearing aid may be a great device for the student with severe loss of hearing.
Assistive Technology cont.0 Student with physical disabilities can use high technology environmental aids in controlling electronic appliances within the school and home. They can also use mobility aids include canes, crutches, walkers, scooters, and wheelchairs.0 For the visually impaired, there are many visual aids including talking dictionaries, adapted tape player/recorders, large print and talking calculators, braille writers, closed circuit televisions (CCTV), and software such as screen reading and text enlargement programs.
Non-technological Activities0 Lessons can be modified to special needs students. 0 Many websites that contain lesson plans provide a modified lesson plan that is geared towards special needs students. These are just two examples: 0 http://www.internet4classrooms.com/exceptional_children/special_education_school_inclusio n_strategies_resources.htm 0 http://www.do2learn.com/ Side Note: Most websites can be found by typing “lesson plans for special needs students” into any search engine.0 Strategies for an Inclusive Classroom: 0 Provide the use of a study carrel when necessary. 0 Seat student in area free from distractions. 0 Eliminate all unnecessary materials from student desk to reduce distractions. 0 Use a checklist to help student get organized. 0 Keep an extra supply of pencils, pens, books and paper in the classroom. 0 You may have to allow the student frequent breaks. 0 Have an agreed upon cue for student to leave the classroom. 0 Reduce visual distractions in the classroom. 0 Modify expectations based on students needs 0 Space short work periods with breaks. 0 Provide additional time to complete assignment
Non-technological Ideas from TeachersHow Do Teachers Serve Linguistically Diverse Learners and Those with Special Needs