War in Europe Begins

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War begins in Europe with Sept. 1, 1939 invasion of Poland; Early Axis successes

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  • War in Europe Begins

    1. 1. War Begins in Europe 1939-1941
    2. 2. Objectives
    3. 3. ObjectivesAnalyze causes of World War II.Identify major participants and elements of thewar.
    4. 4. Vocabulary
    5. 5. VocabularyAllied Powers: Great Britain, United States, USSR and moreAtlantic Charter: agreement between US and UK that outlined vision for post-war worldBattle of Britain: bombing campaign by Germans over Great Britain; included night timeraids over Londonblitzkrieg: German ‘lightning war’; featured quick strategic air strikes followed byoverpowering tank and artillery attacksCharles De Gaulle: French General and eventual Prime Minister; escaped to Great Britainduring the war and led French resistance from thereFranklin D. Roosevelt: U.S. President during World War IILend-Lease Act (1941): agreement to sell arms to Allied nations; supplied over $50 billionworth of arms to Allied nationsnon-aggression pact: agreement between Germany and USSR to not go to war and carve upterritories between the two nationsOperation Barbossa: name for German invasion of USSRVichy: name of occupation government in France during Nazi invasionWinston Churchill: British Prime Minister during the war
    6. 6. Non-Aggression Pact
    7. 7. Non-Aggression PactHitler announces plans for Poland (April 28, 1939)
    8. 8. Non-Aggression PactHitler announces plans for Poland (April 28, 1939)UK & France warn Hitler that they will make a stand
    9. 9. Non-Aggression PactHitler announces plans for Poland (April 28, 1939)UK & France warn Hitler that they will make a standUSSR (Josef Stalin) not invited to Munich Conference(1938)
    10. 10. Non-Aggression PactHitler announces plans for Poland (April 28, 1939)UK & France warn Hitler that they will make a standUSSR (Josef Stalin) not invited to Munich Conference(1938)USSR signs a secret non-aggression pact with HitlerAugust 23, 1939
    11. 11. Non-Aggression PactHitler announces plans for Poland (April 28, 1939)UK & France warn Hitler that they will make a standUSSR (Josef Stalin) not invited to Munich Conference(1938)USSR signs a secret non-aggression pact with HitlerAugust 23, 1939 Agree to not react; Russia can have half of Poland, Baltic States and Finland
    12. 12. Non-Aggression PactHitler announces plans for Poland (April 28, 1939)UK & France warn Hitler that they will make a standUSSR (Josef Stalin) not invited to Munich Conference(1938)USSR signs a secret non-aggression pact with HitlerAugust 23, 1939 Agree to not react; Russia can have half of Poland, Baltic States and Finland
    13. 13. Age of the Blitzkrieg
    14. 14. Age of the BlitzkriegGerman strategy centers around quick strikes calledblitzkrieg - ‘lightning war’
    15. 15. Age of the BlitzkriegGerman strategy centers around quick strikes calledblitzkrieg - ‘lightning war’September 1, 1939 - Germany invades Poland
    16. 16. Age of the BlitzkriegGerman strategy centers around quick strikes calledblitzkrieg - ‘lightning war’September 1, 1939 - Germany invades Poland September 3 ➙ UK & France declare war on Germany; ineffective (too slow)
    17. 17. Age of the BlitzkriegGerman strategy centers around quick strikes calledblitzkrieg - ‘lightning war’September 1, 1939 - Germany invades Poland September 3 ➙ UK & France declare war on Germany; ineffective (too slow) USSR attacks in November; within a year control Finland & Baltic States (Lithuania, Latvia & Estonia)
    18. 18. Turning West
    19. 19. Turning WestApril, 1940 - German forces sweepnorth into Denmark and Norway
    20. 20. Turning WestApril, 1940 - German forces sweepnorth into Denmark and NorwayThen Holland, Luxembourg, andBelgium
    21. 21. Turning WestApril, 1940 - German forces sweepnorth into Denmark and NorwayThen Holland, Luxembourg, andBelgium Sneak through the Maginot Line in the Ardennes and strike into France; Dunkirk
    22. 22. Turning WestApril, 1940 - German forces sweepnorth into Denmark and NorwayThen Holland, Luxembourg, andBelgium Sneak through the Maginot Line in the Ardennes and strike into France; DunkirkMay - Belgium falls
    23. 23. Turning WestApril, 1940 - German forces sweepnorth into Denmark and NorwayThen Holland, Luxembourg, andBelgium Sneak through the Maginot Line in the Ardennes and strike into France; DunkirkMay - Belgium fallsJune 10 - Italy declares war onFrance and UK
    24. 24. Turning WestApril, 1940 - German forces sweepnorth into Denmark and NorwayThen Holland, Luxembourg, andBelgium Sneak through the Maginot Line in the Ardennes and strike into France; DunkirkMay - Belgium fallsJune 10 - Italy declares war onFrance and UK June 14 ➙ German forces march down the Champs Elysees in Paris
    25. 25. Turning WestApril, 1940 - German forces sweepnorth into Denmark and NorwayThen Holland, Luxembourg, andBelgium Sneak through the Maginot Line in the Ardennes and strike into France; DunkirkMay - Belgium fallsJune 10 - Italy declares war onFrance and UK June 14 ➙ German forces march down the Champs Elysees in Paris
    26. 26. Vichy France
    27. 27. Vichy FranceGermany sets up an occupation government in Francenamed after a city where it was formed - Vichy
    28. 28. Vichy FranceGermany sets up an occupation government in Francenamed after a city where it was formed - VichyCharles De Gaulle - French government head,escaped to UK - lead French resistance from there;Vichy President Philippe Pétain
    29. 29. Vichy FranceGermany sets up an occupation government in Francenamed after a city where it was formed - VichyCharles De Gaulle - French government head,escaped to UK - lead French resistance from there;Vichy President Philippe PétainWould cooperate withNazi governmentthroughout theoccupation of France
    30. 30. Vichy FranceGermany sets up an occupation government in Francenamed after a city where it was formed - VichyCharles De Gaulle - French government head,escaped to UK - lead French resistance from there;Vichy President Philippe PétainWould cooperate withNazi governmentthroughout theoccupation of France
    31. 31. Battle of Britain
    32. 32. Battle of BritainHitler’s strategy to take Great Britain -extended bombing to prepare way for invasion
    33. 33. Battle of BritainHitler’s strategy to take Great Britain -extended bombing to prepare way for invasionFrom August 1940 - May 1941 - GermanLuftwaffe targets military installations; Londonnight bombing at last
    34. 34. Battle of BritainHitler’s strategy to take Great Britain -extended bombing to prepare way for invasionFrom August 1940 - May 1941 - GermanLuftwaffe targets military installations; Londonnight bombing at lastNew inventions and intelligence helps UKsurvive
    35. 35. Winston ChurchillPrime Minister of Great Britain during the war
    36. 36. Winston ChurchillPrime Minister of Great Britain during the war
    37. 37. War Spreads
    38. 38. War Spreads Italy invades Egypt (UK) and takes Suez Canal - September 1940; Algeria, Tunisia
    39. 39. War Spreads Italy invades Egypt (UK) and takes Suez Canal - September 1940; Algeria, Tunisia UK strikes back; Germany sends Gen. Erwin Rommel to reinforce (Desert Fox)
    40. 40. War Spreads Italy invades Egypt (UK) and takes Suez Canal - September 1940; Algeria, Tunisia UK strikes back; Germany sends Gen. Erwin Rommel to reinforce (Desert Fox) Until 1942, much of North Africa controlled by Axis Powers
    41. 41. War Spreads Italy invades Egypt (UK) and takes Suez Canal - September 1940; Algeria, Tunisia UK strikes back; Germany sends Gen. Erwin Rommel to reinforce (Desert Fox) Until 1942, much of North Africa controlled by Axis Powers Germany swarms into Southern Europe and Middle East
    42. 42. War Spreads Italy invades Egypt (UK) and takes Suez Canal - September 1940; Algeria, Tunisia UK strikes back; Germany sends Gen. Erwin Rommel to reinforce (Desert Fox) Until 1942, much of North Africa controlled by Axis Powers Germany swarms into Southern Europe and Middle East Nazi control over most of Europe between 1940-1944
    43. 43. War Spreads Italy invades Egypt (UK) and takes Suez Canal - September 1940; Algeria, Tunisia UK strikes back; Germany sends Gen. Erwin Rommel to reinforce (Desert Fox) Until 1942, much of North Africa controlled by Axis Powers Germany swarms into Southern Europe and Middle East Nazi control over most of Europe between 1940-1944
    44. 44. End of an Uneasy Peace
    45. 45. End of an Uneasy PeaceMay 1941 - Germany invades Yugoslavia, Greece,Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary
    46. 46. End of an Uneasy PeaceMay 1941 - Germany invades Yugoslavia, Greece,Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary Establish bases to support attack into USSR
    47. 47. End of an Uneasy PeaceMay 1941 - Germany invades Yugoslavia, Greece,Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary Establish bases to support attack into USSRJune 22, 1941 - Germany launches OperationBarbarossa
    48. 48. End of an Uneasy PeaceMay 1941 - Germany invades Yugoslavia, Greece,Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary Establish bases to support attack into USSRJune 22, 1941 - Germany launches OperationBarbarossa Invasion of Soviet Union
    49. 49. End of an Uneasy PeaceMay 1941 - Germany invades Yugoslavia, Greece,Bulgaria, Romania and Hungary Establish bases to support attack into USSRJune 22, 1941 - Germany launches OperationBarbarossa Invasion of Soviet Union Stalls in Leningrad & 125 miles outside of Moscow
    50. 50. U.S. Becomes Involved
    51. 51. U.S. Becomes InvolvedMarch, 1941 - U.S. to offer help against Axis aggression
    52. 52. U.S. Becomes InvolvedMarch, 1941 - U.S. to offer help against Axis aggression Lend-Lease Act (1941) - Weapons and materials can be sold for cash; other countries have to transport themselves (at first)
    53. 53. U.S. Becomes InvolvedMarch, 1941 - U.S. to offer help against Axis aggression Lend-Lease Act (1941) - Weapons and materials can be sold for cash; other countries have to transport themselves (at first)August, 1941 - Churchill and U.S. President, FranklinD. Roosevelt, agree to the Atlantic Charter
    54. 54. U.S. Becomes InvolvedMarch, 1941 - U.S. to offer help against Axis aggression Lend-Lease Act (1941) - Weapons and materials can be sold for cash; other countries have to transport themselves (at first)August, 1941 - Churchill and U.S. President, FranklinD. Roosevelt, agree to the Atlantic Charter U.S. start sending naval vessels to escort supplies to Great Britain
    55. 55. U.S. Becomes InvolvedMarch, 1941 - U.S. to offer help against Axis aggression Lend-Lease Act (1941) - Weapons and materials can be sold for cash; other countries have to transport themselves (at first)August, 1941 - Churchill and U.S. President, FranklinD. Roosevelt, agree to the Atlantic Charter U.S. start sending naval vessels to escort supplies to Great Britain Germany reacts; U-boats fire on U.S. Destroyers
    56. 56. The U.S. Declares
    57. 57. The U.S. DeclaresIn response to Japanese aggressionin China, U.S. imposes oil embargoagainst Japan in 1941
    58. 58. The U.S. DeclaresIn response to Japanese aggressionin China, U.S. imposes oil embargoagainst Japan in 1941Japan has eye on Philippines, Guamand French Indochina (Vietnam)
    59. 59. The U.S. DeclaresIn response to Japanese aggressionin China, U.S. imposes oil embargoagainst Japan in 1941Japan has eye on Philippines, Guamand French Indochina (Vietnam)Japanese Adm. Yamamoto Isoroku- U.S. naval forces in Hawaii werethreat against Japanese goals inPacific
    60. 60. The U.S. DeclaresIn response to Japanese aggressionin China, U.S. imposes oil embargoagainst Japan in 1941Japan has eye on Philippines, Guamand French Indochina (Vietnam)Japanese Adm. Yamamoto Isoroku- U.S. naval forces in Hawaii werethreat against Japanese goals inPacificDecember 7, 1941 - Japanese forcesstrike Pearl Harbor
    61. 61. The U.S. DeclaresIn response to Japanese aggressionin China, U.S. imposes oil embargoagainst Japan in 1941Japan has eye on Philippines, Guamand French Indochina (Vietnam)Japanese Adm. Yamamoto Isoroku- U.S. naval forces in Hawaii werethreat against Japanese goals inPacificDecember 7, 1941 - Japanese forcesstrike Pearl Harbor
    62. 62. Sides are DrawnAllied Powers Axis PowersU.K. - Prime Minister Germany - FührerWinston Churchill Adolph HitlerU.S. - President Franklin D. Italy - Il Duce BenitoRoosevelt MussoliniU.S.S.R. - Chairman Josef Japan - EmperorStalin Hirohito
    63. 63. Vocabulary
    64. 64. VocabularyAllied Powers Lend-Lease Act (1941)Atlantic Charter non-aggression pactBattle of Britain Operation Barbossablitzkrieg VichyCharles De Gaulle Winston ChurchillFranklin D. Roosevelt
    65. 65. Journal #4Page 826, Question 3Well thought out response.

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