Victory in the Pacific

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The succession of early Japanese successes in the Pacific; island hopping and the Allies able to push back; kamikaze and the Atomic bomb.

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  • Victory in the Pacific

    1. 1. The War in the Pacific 1942-1945
    2. 2. ObjectivesCompare goals and methods of warfare in theEuropean and Pacific theaters.Identify major participants and elements of thewar.
    3. 3. VocabularyGreater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere - Vision of a self-sufficient bloc of East Asian countries free of Westerninfluence, led by JapanBataan Death March - forced march by Japanese of Alliedprisoners on the Bataan peninsula; highlighted by crueltreatmentisland hopping - strategy of hitting strategic targets in Pacifickamikaze - suicide bombing by Japanese pilots into NavyshipsManhattan Project - US project to create Atomic weapons
    4. 4. Japan’s East Asia
    5. 5. Japan’s East AsiaGreater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere - Vision of aself-sufficient bloc of East Asian countries free ofWestern influence, led by Japan
    6. 6. Japan’s East AsiaGreater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere - Vision of aself-sufficient bloc of East Asian countries free ofWestern influence, led by Japan Meant to win the hearts and minds of other Asian nations rather than resist
    7. 7. Japan’s East AsiaGreater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere - Vision of aself-sufficient bloc of East Asian countries free ofWestern influence, led by Japan Meant to win the hearts and minds of other Asian nations rather than resist Not successful
    8. 8. Japan’s East AsiaGreater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere - Vision of aself-sufficient bloc of East Asian countries free ofWestern influence, led by Japan Meant to win the hearts and minds of other Asian nations rather than resist Not successful
    9. 9. Goals of the Axis Powers
    10. 10. Goals of the Axis PowersEurope: lebensraum, following fascist doctrineof unity to strength, systematic elimination ofundesirable elements
    11. 11. Goals of the Axis PowersEurope: lebensraum, following fascist doctrineof unity to strength, systematic elimination ofundesirable elementsAsia: lead other nations to self-sufficiency,dominate and be feared, provide resources tonation not present
    12. 12. Japanese Expansion After Pearl Harbor
    13. 13. Japanese Expansion After Pearl HarborJapanese superior naval air power gets swift results inPacific ➙ Guam, Wake Islands, Philippines
    14. 14. Japanese Expansion After Pearl HarborJapanese superior naval air power gets swift results inPacific ➙ Guam, Wake Islands, PhilippinesAlso expand territory from China ➙ Hong Kong,Thailand, Malaysia, Burma (cut off supplies forsupport of China), Indonesia
    15. 15. Japanese Expansion After Pearl HarborJapanese superior naval air power gets swift results inPacific ➙ Guam, Wake Islands, PhilippinesAlso expand territory from China ➙ Hong Kong,Thailand, Malaysia, Burma (cut off supplies forsupport of China), IndonesiaMany examples of harsh treatment by the Japanese ➙counter image of noble liberators
    16. 16. Japanese Expansion After Pearl HarborJapanese superior naval air power gets swift results inPacific ➙ Guam, Wake Islands, PhilippinesAlso expand territory from China ➙ Hong Kong,Thailand, Malaysia, Burma (cut off supplies forsupport of China), IndonesiaMany examples of harsh treatment by the Japanese ➙counter image of noble liberatorsExample: Bataan Death March
    17. 17. Allies Respond
    18. 18. Allies RespondUS and Australia made up main forceof military attack in the Pacific; Navyand Marine
    19. 19. Allies RespondUS and Australia made up main forceof military attack in the Pacific; Navyand MarineFirst arm of attack was naval response
    20. 20. Allies RespondUS and Australia made up main forceof military attack in the Pacific; Navyand MarineFirst arm of attack was naval response‣ Battle of Coral Sea (5/1942); Japan tactical victory/Allied strategic victory
    21. 21. Allies RespondUS and Australia made up main forceof military attack in the Pacific; Navyand MarineFirst arm of attack was naval response‣ Battle of Coral Sea (5/1942); Japan tactical victory/Allied strategic victory‣ Battle of Midway (6/1942); Yamamoto mistake
    22. 22. Allies RespondUS and Australia made up main forceof military attack in the Pacific; Navyand MarineFirst arm of attack was naval response‣ Battle of Coral Sea (5/1942); Japan tactical victory/Allied strategic victory‣ Battle of Midway (6/1942); Yamamoto mistakeContinue pressure through the centerof the Pacific on target with Japan
    23. 23. Allies RespondUS and Australia made up main forceof military attack in the Pacific; Navyand MarineFirst arm of attack was naval response‣ Battle of Coral Sea (5/1942); Japan tactical victory/Allied strategic victory‣ Battle of Midway (6/1942); Yamamoto mistakeContinue pressure through the centerof the Pacific on target with Japan
    24. 24. Island Hopping
    25. 25. Island Hopping Second tactic involved targeting specific strategic sites
    26. 26. Island Hopping Second tactic involved targeting specific strategic sites Disrupt supply lines; set up bases
    27. 27. Island Hopping Second tactic involved targeting specific strategic sites Disrupt supply lines; set up bases Combined efforts of Adm. Chester Nimitz and Gen. Douglas MacArthur
    28. 28. Island Hopping Second tactic involved targeting specific strategic sites Disrupt supply lines; set up bases Combined efforts of Adm. Chester Nimitz and Gen. Douglas MacArthur Started from New Zealand and Australia; northward through Pacific to Japan
    29. 29. Island Hopping Second tactic involved targeting specific strategic sites Disrupt supply lines; set up bases Combined efforts of Adm. Chester Nimitz and Gen. Douglas MacArthur Started from New Zealand and Australia; northward through Pacific to Japan Battle of Guadalcanal (9/1942 - 2/1943)
    30. 30. Island Hopping Second tactic involved targeting specific strategic sites Disrupt supply lines; set up bases Combined efforts of Adm. Chester Nimitz and Gen. Douglas MacArthur Started from New Zealand and Australia; northward through Pacific to Japan Battle of Guadalcanal (9/1942 - 2/1943)
    31. 31. Allied SuccessJapanese Desperation
    32. 32. Allied Success Japanese DesperationSteady push by Allied forces heading West by Navy andisland hoping north 1943-1944
    33. 33. Allied Success Japanese DesperationSteady push by Allied forces heading West by Navy andisland hoping north 1943-1944 Forces meet in the Philippines
    34. 34. Allied Success Japanese DesperationSteady push by Allied forces heading West by Navy andisland hoping north 1943-1944 Forces meet in the PhilippinesJapanese resistance on islands ➙ to the last man
    35. 35. Allied Success Japanese DesperationSteady push by Allied forces heading West by Navy andisland hoping north 1943-1944 Forces meet in the PhilippinesJapanese resistance on islands ➙ to the last manDesperation in Philippines leadsto new tactic - kamikaze
    36. 36. Allied Success Japanese DesperationSteady push by Allied forces heading West by Navy andisland hoping north 1943-1944 Forces meet in the PhilippinesJapanese resistance on islands ➙ to the last manDesperation in Philippines leadsto new tactic - kamikazeAllied forces push through toIwo Jima and Okinawa by June1945
    37. 37. Allied Success Japanese DesperationSteady push by Allied forces heading West by Navy andisland hoping north 1943-1944 Forces meet in the PhilippinesJapanese resistance on islands ➙ to the last manDesperation in Philippines leadsto new tactic - kamikazeAllied forces push through toIwo Jima and Okinawa by June1945
    38. 38. Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, May 11, 1945
    39. 39. Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, May 11, 1945 USS Bunker Hill, after being hit by kamikaze attack by Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, May 11, 1945
    40. 40. Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, May 11, 1945 USS Bunker Hill, after being hit by kamikaze attack by Ensign Kiyoshi Ogawa, May 11, 1945
    41. 41. The Manhattan Project
    42. 42. The Manhattan ProjectAllied losses in Pacific were not as many as in Europeantheater; yet to land on Japan
    43. 43. The Manhattan ProjectAllied losses in Pacific were not as many as in Europeantheater; yet to land on JapanUS working on secret project to harness atomic energy;Manhattan Project
    44. 44. The Manhattan ProjectAllied losses in Pacific were not as many as in Europeantheater; yet to land on JapanUS working on secret project to harness atomic energy;Manhattan Project Under Gen. Leslie R. Groves and scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer; Total costs: $1.8 billion
    45. 45. The Manhattan ProjectAllied losses in Pacific were not as many as in Europeantheater; yet to land on JapanUS working on secret project to harness atomic energy;Manhattan Project Under Gen. Leslie R. Groves and scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer; Total costs: $1.8 billion Roosevelt dies in April, 1945 ➙ Harry S. Truman
    46. 46. The Manhattan ProjectAllied losses in Pacific were not as many as in Europeantheater; yet to land on JapanUS working on secret project to harness atomic energy;Manhattan Project Under Gen. Leslie R. Groves and scientist J. Robert Oppenheimer; Total costs: $1.8 billion Roosevelt dies in April, 1945 ➙ Harry S. TrumanIt is decided to use Atomic Bombs over Hiroshima andNagasaki, August 6 & 8, 1945
    47. 47. Bombing
    48. 48. BombingBattle of Britain (Germany over England)
    49. 49. BombingBattle of Britain (Germany over England)D-Day preparation
    50. 50. BombingBattle of Britain (Germany over England)D-Day preparationDresden
    51. 51. BombingBattle of Britain (Germany over England)D-Day preparationDresdenTokyo
    52. 52. BombingBattle of Britain (Germany over England)D-Day preparationDresdenTokyoHiroshima & Nagasaki
    53. 53. End of the War
    54. 54. End of the WarJapan unconditionallysurrenders August 9, 1945;Victory in Japan Day (VJ Day)
    55. 55. End of the WarJapan unconditionallysurrenders August 9, 1945;Victory in Japan Day (VJ Day)Hitler ➙ suicide; Mussolini ➙shot & hung (by own people)
    56. 56. End of the WarJapan unconditionallysurrenders August 9, 1945;Victory in Japan Day (VJ Day)Hitler ➙ suicide; Mussolini ➙shot & hung (by own people)Hirohito ➙ left in power
    57. 57. End of the WarJapan unconditionallysurrenders August 9, 1945;Victory in Japan Day (VJ Day)Hitler ➙ suicide; Mussolini ➙shot & hung (by own people)Hirohito ➙ left in powerSeries of war crimes trials inNuremberg, Germany andTokyo, Japan
    58. 58. End of the WarJapan unconditionallysurrenders August 9, 1945;Victory in Japan Day (VJ Day)Hitler ➙ suicide; Mussolini ➙shot & hung (by own people)Hirohito ➙ left in powerSeries of war crimes trials inNuremberg, Germany andTokyo, Japan

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