Technology in the Cold War

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Look at technological innovation during the Cold War.

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  • Technology in the Cold War

    1. 1. Technology in the Cold WarRockets to Space/Rockets for M.A.D.
    2. 2. ObjectivesStudents describe events that highlight the Cold WarStudents compare goals of technological innovationand application by Cold War superpowers.Students investigate origins of modern technology.
    3. 3. VocabularyICBM: Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile - rocket capable of launchingfrom one nation and detonating its nuclear payload across the planetin another nation.U-2: high altitude aircraft used by US to take photo reconnaissance.Cuban Missile Crisis: confrontation between US and USSR as Sovietsattempt to install ballistic missiles in Cuba. Space Race: Racebetween USSR and US to be first or most represented in space travel.NASA: National Aeronautic and Space Administration - established in1958; US effort to explore spaceSputnik: Soviet satellite; first satellite launched into Earth’satmosphere on October 4, 1957.Space Race: race between US and USSR to develop technology toallow ‘firsts’ in exploration of space
    4. 4. Technology in the ColdFollowing 1945 -technology innovationincreases at rapid pace‘exponentialadvancement’; Moore’sLaw; technologicalsingularityInnovation becomesglobal affair
    5. 5. 1940s
    6. 6. 1950s
    7. 7. 1960s
    8. 8. 1970s
    9. 9. 1980s
    10. 10. 1990s
    11. 11. Case Study:Rocket Technology V-2 Rockets: Nazi Germany - motivate research in Manhattan Project Germans have and use rockets during war After war: US & USSR ‘recruit’ scientists to help develop own rocket program; US - Wernher von Braun
    12. 12. Wernher von BraunRocket engineer: V-2 design;develop rockets for USvon Braun’s design would beeventual blueprint fordevelopment of Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiletechnology.First: Inter-Range BallisticMissile - threat only in Europein 1950s
    13. 13. Bombers / Reconnaissance B-52 Stratofortress: upgrade from WWII B-29 Superfortress Gave US ability to strike targets in USSR and across the globe USSR had similar bombers: M-4 (Bison) Need for knowledge of opponent positions 1960 - Gary Powers; U-2 incident
    14. 14. Brink of WarCuban Missile Crisis: 1959 -Fidel Castro leads Communistrevolution in Cuba - less than100 miles from FloridaUSSR allies - attempts toplace IRBMs in CubaIRBM can reach US soilJFK: Blockade; internationalpressure; end peaceably COLD solution - not HOT
    15. 15. Wernher von Braun II US Army until 1957 Went to new government agency: NASA ICBM rockets being used to launch items into space World’s first successful satellite: Sputnik by Soviets in 1957 From that time - the space race had begun
    16. 16. Space Race USSR US1957 - First Satellite 1961 - First American in space (Alan1961 - First human Shepard) and orbitorbits earth (Yuri (John Glen)Gagarin)1971 - First manned 1969 - First mannedspace station lunar landing1975 - First joint 1981 - First re-usablespace mission with spacecraft -US Columbia
    17. 17. Rocket Technology: Weapon or ExplorationOn a piece of paper, write a short journal entry:In your opinion, what was the lastinglegacy of rocket technology? Tomake better and greater weapons orto allow for the exploration of outerspace? Why do you think so? (10points)

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