Technology in the Cold WarRockets to Space/Rockets for M.A.D.
ObjectivesStudents describe events that highlight the Cold WarStudents compare goals of technological innovationand application by Cold War superpowers.Students investigate origins of modern technology.
VocabularyICBM: Inter-Continental Ballistic Missile - rocket capable of launchingfrom one nation and detonating its nuclear payload across the planetin another nation.U-2: high altitude aircraft used by US to take photo reconnaissance.Cuban Missile Crisis: confrontation between US and USSR as Sovietsattempt to install ballistic missiles in Cuba. Space Race: Racebetween USSR and US to be first or most represented in space travel.NASA: National Aeronautic and Space Administration - established in1958; US effort to explore spaceSputnik: Soviet satellite; first satellite launched into Earth’satmosphere on October 4, 1957.Space Race: race between US and USSR to develop technology toallow ‘firsts’ in exploration of space
Technology in the ColdFollowing 1945 -technology innovationincreases at rapid pace‘exponentialadvancement’; Moore’sLaw; technologicalsingularityInnovation becomesglobal affair
Case Study:Rocket Technology V-2 Rockets: Nazi Germany - motivate research in Manhattan Project Germans have and use rockets during war After war: US & USSR ‘recruit’ scientists to help develop own rocket program; US - Wernher von Braun
Wernher von BraunRocket engineer: V-2 design;develop rockets for USvon Braun’s design would beeventual blueprint fordevelopment of Inter-Continental Ballistic Missiletechnology.First: Inter-Range BallisticMissile - threat only in Europein 1950s
Bombers / Reconnaissance B-52 Stratofortress: upgrade from WWII B-29 Superfortress Gave US ability to strike targets in USSR and across the globe USSR had similar bombers: M-4 (Bison) Need for knowledge of opponent positions 1960 - Gary Powers; U-2 incident
Brink of WarCuban Missile Crisis: 1959 -Fidel Castro leads Communistrevolution in Cuba - less than100 miles from FloridaUSSR allies - attempts toplace IRBMs in CubaIRBM can reach US soilJFK: Blockade; internationalpressure; end peaceably COLD solution - not HOT
Wernher von Braun II US Army until 1957 Went to new government agency: NASA ICBM rockets being used to launch items into space World’s first successful satellite: Sputnik by Soviets in 1957 From that time - the space race had begun
Space Race USSR US1957 - First Satellite 1961 - First American in space (Alan1961 - First human Shepard) and orbitorbits earth (Yuri (John Glen)Gagarin)1971 - First manned 1969 - First mannedspace station lunar landing1975 - First joint 1981 - First re-usablespace mission with spacecraft -US Columbia
Rocket Technology: Weapon or ExplorationOn a piece of paper, write a short journal entry:In your opinion, what was the lastinglegacy of rocket technology? Tomake better and greater weapons orto allow for the exploration of outerspace? Why do you think so? (10points)