Seeds of the War - Appeasement
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Seeds of the War - Appeasement

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Japanese Imperialism; Rise of Nazi and Fascist aggression; Appeasement

Japanese Imperialism; Rise of Nazi and Fascist aggression; Appeasement

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Transcript

  • 1. Gateway to WorldWar - Appeasement Axis Formation ➙ 1939
  • 2. Today’s Objectives
  • 3. Today’s ObjectivesIdentify locations in Asia
  • 4. Today’s ObjectivesIdentify locations in AsiaDescribe immediate causes for World War II
  • 5. Today’s ObjectivesIdentify locations in AsiaDescribe immediate causes for World War IIList members of the Axis Powers
  • 6. Today’s ObjectivesIdentify locations in AsiaDescribe immediate causes for World War IIList members of the Axis PowersAnalyze impact of war atrocities
  • 7. Vocabulary
  • 8. VocabularyAnschluss - German for ‘union’; between Austria and Germany in1938Annex - to make another territory come under the control over amore powerful countryAppeasement - policy of making concessions to a country to avoidwar.Axis Powers - treaty of support between Germany, Italy and Japanfrom 1936Mao Zedong - leader of the Communist Party in ChinaManchuria - region of North-Eastern China rich with minerals andother raw materialsNeutrality Acts - series of 3 laws passed by the US to remain neutralin European conflictNeville Chamberlain - British Prime Minister who oversaw theMunich Conference; appeasement supporter
  • 9. Japanese Imperialism
  • 10. Japanese Imperialism 1895 - Sino-Japanese War ➙ Korea, Taiwan
  • 11. Japanese Imperialism 1895 - Sino-Japanese War ➙ Korea, Taiwan 1905 - Russo- Japanese War ➙ Manchuria
  • 12. Japanese Imperialism 1895 - Sino-Japanese War ➙ Korea, Taiwan 1905 - Russo- Japanese War ➙ Manchuria 1910 - Annex Korea
  • 13. Japanese Imperialism 1895 - Sino-Japanese War ➙ Korea, Taiwan 1905 - Russo- Japanese War ➙ Manchuria 1910 - Annex Korea
  • 14. World War I
  • 15. World War IJapan enters war with Allies; plays minor role
  • 16. World War IJapan enters war with Allies; plays minor roleAt Treaty of Versailles - viewed as dominantAsian representative Permanent seat - League of Nations Receives German colonies in Pacific and China
  • 17. 1920’s
  • 18. 1920’s Japan turns towards more democratic rule
  • 19. 1920’s Japan turns towards more democratic rule Great Depression hits in Japan before anywhere else ➙ blamed on government
  • 20. 1920’s Japan turns towards more democratic rule Great Depression hits in Japan before anywhere else ➙ blamed on government Military control becomes clear
  • 21. 1920’s Japan turns towards more democratic rule Great Depression hits in Japan before anywhere else ➙ blamed on government Military control becomes clear Emperor = God (to the people)
  • 22. 1920’s Japan turns towards more democratic rule Great Depression hits in Japan before anywhere else ➙ blamed on government Military control becomes clear Emperor = God (to the people)
  • 23. China Collapses
  • 24. China Collapses1912 - Qing Dynasty ends (260years)
  • 25. China Collapses1912 - Qing Dynasty ends (260years)Settles into contest betweenCommunists, led by MaoZedong, and Kuomingtang party,led my Jiang Jieshi
  • 26. China Collapses1912 - Qing Dynasty ends (260years)Settles into contest betweenCommunists, led by MaoZedong, and Kuomingtang party,led my Jiang JieshiCivil War ➙ The Long March(1933-34)
  • 27. China Collapses1912 - Qing Dynasty ends (260years)Settles into contest betweenCommunists, led by MaoZedong, and Kuomingtang party,led my Jiang JieshiCivil War ➙ The Long March(1933-34)
  • 28. Manchukuo
  • 29. ManchukuoJapanese invade Manchuria - 1931
  • 30. ManchukuoJapanese invade Manchuria - 1931Set up puppet government headed by Pu Yi -the last Qing emperor
  • 31. ManchukuoJapanese invade Manchuria - 1931Set up puppet government headed by Pu Yi -the last Qing emperorAccess to raw materials and markets ➙ verygood for Japanese
  • 32. Hirohito & Pu Yi
  • 33. Hirohito & Pu Yi
  • 34. Hirohito & Pu Yi
  • 35. League of Nations
  • 36. League of NationsSupposed to respond to aggression andprovide justice ➙ TOOTHLESS
  • 37. League of NationsSupposed to respond to aggression andprovide justice ➙ TOOTHLESS1933 ➙ Japan withdraws from League ofNations
  • 38. League of NationsSupposed to respond to aggression andprovide justice ➙ TOOTHLESS1933 ➙ Japan withdraws from League ofNationsNo other country confronts Japan with seriousconsequences
  • 39. L.o.N. Weakness
  • 40. L.o.N. WeaknessLack of response inspires Mussolini; Hitler
  • 41. L.o.N. WeaknessLack of response inspires Mussolini; HitlerItaly invades Ethiopia & Albania
  • 42. L.o.N. WeaknessLack of response inspires Mussolini; HitlerItaly invades Ethiopia & AlbaniaGermany defies Treaty of Versailles ➙Rhineland
  • 43. L.o.N. WeaknessLack of response inspires Mussolini; HitlerItaly invades Ethiopia & AlbaniaGermany defies Treaty of Versailles ➙RhinelandLeague ➙ slap on wrist
  • 44. L.o.N. WeaknessLack of response inspires Mussolini; HitlerItaly invades Ethiopia & AlbaniaGermany defies Treaty of Versailles ➙RhinelandLeague ➙ slap on wristGermany, Italy & Japan ➙ Axis Powers
  • 45. Appeasement
  • 46. AppeasementAppeasement becomes policy of UK, France US - Neutrality Acts ➙ doesn’t want anything to do with it
  • 47. AppeasementAppeasement becomes policy of UK, France US - Neutrality Acts ➙ doesn’t want anything to do with itOnly makes Germany more bold 1938 - March: Austria - Anschluss 1938 - September: Czechoslovakia - Sudetenland
  • 48. AppeasementAppeasement becomes policy of UK, France US - Neutrality Acts ➙ doesn’t want anything to do with itOnly makes Germany more bold 1938 - March: Austria - Anschluss 1938 - September: Czechoslovakia - SudetenlandMunich Conference (Sept. 1938) - Hitler mets withNeville Chamberlain (British PM) Chamberlain gives Germany what they want to avoid war.
  • 49. “How horrible, fantastic, incredible it is, that we should be digging trenches and trying on gas-masks here because of a quarrel in a faraway country between people of whom we know nothing.” - Neville Chamberlain
  • 50. 1937 - Nanking
  • 51. 1937 - Nanking1937 - Japan invades China Marco Polo Bridge Incident
  • 52. 1937 - Nanking1937 - Japan invades China Marco Polo Bridge IncidentJapan quickly attacks intoChina
  • 53. 1937 - Nanking1937 - Japan invades China Marco Polo Bridge IncidentJapan quickly attacks intoChinaDecember, 1937 - Attack onNanking 6 weeks of occupation - came to be known as the Nanking Massacre - 150,00 - 300,000 civilians killed
  • 54. 1937 - Nanking1937 - Japan invades China Marco Polo Bridge IncidentJapan quickly attacks intoChinaDecember, 1937 - Attack onNanking 6 weeks of occupation - came to be known as the Nanking Massacre - 150,00 - 300,000 civilians killed
  • 55. Vocabulary
  • 56. Vocabulary
  • 57. VocabularyAnschluss
  • 58. VocabularyAnschlussAnnex
  • 59. VocabularyAnschlussAnnexAppeasement
  • 60. VocabularyAnschlussAnnexAppeasementAxis Powers
  • 61. VocabularyAnschlussAnnexAppeasementAxis Powers
  • 62. VocabularyAnschlussAnnexAppeasementAxis Powers
  • 63. VocabularyAnschluss Mao ZedongAnnexAppeasementAxis Powers
  • 64. VocabularyAnschluss Mao ZedongAnnex ManchuriaAppeasementAxis Powers
  • 65. VocabularyAnschluss Mao ZedongAnnex ManchuriaAppeasement Neutrality ActsAxis Powers
  • 66. VocabularyAnschluss Mao ZedongAnnex ManchuriaAppeasement Neutrality ActsAxis Powers Neville Chamberlain
  • 67. Journal 3
  • 68. Journal 3On a computer, go tohttp://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/nanking.htm
  • 69. Journal 3On a computer, go tohttp://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/nanking.htmAfter reading the entire article, write a journal entry(paragraph or so) to the following prompt:
  • 70. Journal 3On a computer, go tohttp://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/nanking.htmAfter reading the entire article, write a journal entry(paragraph or so) to the following prompt: “Each year the Japanese Prime Minister visits that Yasukuni Shrine that pays honor to the members of their military that have served throughout their 2,000 year history. Included are those soldiers that fought and killed in Nanking. Each time that this happens, the Chinese government becomes very angry and remains a very serious issue between these countries. Do the Chinese people have a valid case to be upset? Why or why not?”