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Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
Russian revolution
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Russian revolution


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Lecture notes for Mr. English's 1/25/2011 World History class.

Lecture notes for Mr. English's 1/25/2011 World History class.

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  • 1. The Russian Revolution and the Rise of Stalin
  • 2. Today’s Objectives
    • Objective 1: To identify events that led to the rise of Stalin in the Soviet Union
    • Objective 2: To explain differences between market and command economy.
    • Objective 3: To exemplify elements of totalitarianism in the Soviet Union under Stalin. ( from video and finished next class )
  • 3. Prelude to the Russian Revolution
    • Autocracy: The Russian Tsar
    • 1851-94 - Alexander III; 1894-1917 - Nicholas II
      • Refuse to reform government and share power
      • Most Russians are farming peasants
    • Nicholas does start process of industrialization
      • Steel production (4th in the world) and construction of the Trans-Siberian Railroad
  • 4. Marx - Economy
    • Writing of Karl Marx come to prominence at this time
    • Marx believed that growing industrialization of countries would cause unrest of the working class (proletariat) against the industry owners (bourgeoisie)
    • A market economy is an economy in which most goods and services are produced and distributed through free markets
    • In a command economy the means of production are controlled by the government. The state (government) own the means of production and all decisions of what to produce are made by them.
    “ From each according to his ability, to each according to his need.” - Karl Marx
  • 5. Lenin & the Bolsheviks
    • Vladamir Illyich Ulyanov, known as Lenin, became the leader of the Bolsheviks , a group of Russians who wanted change.
    • Influenced by Marx’s ideas, the Bolsheviks favored radical change by any means necessary. They also fundamentally believed that a revolution in Russia would spark change across the world.
    • Would be exiled to Europe
  • 6. Road to Revolution
    • 1904 - Russo-Japanese War
    • 1905 - Bloody Sunday - St. Petersburg, Russia
      • 500-1,000 people killed
      • Nicholas had to concede - formed the Duma - Russia’s first Parliament
    • World War I - from 1914-1917 ➝ 1.7 million Russians killed; 5 million injured
      • Massive shortages: food, fuel, housing
  • 7. Lenin Returns
    • The March Revolution - Protesters in St. Petersburg fill the streets
      • Soldiers ordered to fire on protesters - end up joining the protest
      • Demand end of war and to Tsar rule
    • Nicholas abdicates the throne
    • Duma called back into power, but very weak provisional government
      • They decide to continue fighting in war
      • Angered many Russians ➝ especially local groups of workers, peasants and soldiers called Soviets
      • Germany’s end to the Eastern Front ➝ Return Lenin
      • “ Peace, Land and Bread!”
  • 8. October Revolution*
    • Lenin and Red Guard storm Winter Palace in St. Petersburg ➝ Defeat provisional government
    • Red Soviets are in power ⇔ White Russian opposition are in exile ➝ civil war
      • Several western countries send troops to support White Russians
      • Causes distrust with the West that has lasted nearly a century
  • 9. Lenin’s Policies
    • End the war: Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
      • Russian troops that return, fight against White army
    • Economy: New Economic Policy . Lenin started economic changes slowly, rather than complete state run economy. Peasants and factories could sell surplus production instead of turning them over to the state.
    • Politics: Renamed country to Union of Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR) in honor of Soviet revolts. Many ethnic republics formed together with capital in Moscow under a single party rule . The Communist Party is founded along Marxist ideas with a classless society as the goal.
  • 10. Totalitarianism
    • One party rule
    • Dynamic leader
    • Ideology
    Totalitarianism is when a government controls all aspects of peoples lives Tools of Totalitarianism
    • Control (over society and individuals)
    • Propaganda
    • Fear
  • 11. Vocabulary
    • market economy
    • command economy
    • Bolsheviks
    • Soviet
    • October Revolution
    • New Economic Policy
    • surplus
    • single party rule
    • Totalitarianism
  • 12. “ Stalin: Man of Steel”
    • Be sure to fill out your guided notes for the video
    • We will finish the video in the next class and go over the notes and add new vocabulary as well as fill out a worksheet.