Global Terrorism
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5

Global Terrorism



Look at end of the Cold War and the rise of terrorism in the modern setting.

Look at end of the Cold War and the rise of terrorism in the modern setting.



Total Views
Slideshare-icon Views on SlideShare
Embed Views



3 Embeds 13 9 3 1


Upload Details

Uploaded via as Apple Keynote

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
Post Comment
Edit your comment
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n
  • \n

Global Terrorism Global Terrorism Presentation Transcript

  • The End of the Cold WarRise of Global Terrorism
  • ObjectivesExamine rise of global terrorism.Investigate biographical background of terrorleader, Osama bin Laden.
  • Vocabularymujahideen - Afghanistan guerilla fighter, “people doingjihad”Sunni/Shia Islam - sects of Islam determined by choices ofMohammed’s followersAyatollah Khomeini - religious leader in Iran who oversawthe Iranian Revolution of 1979terrorism - acts of violence intended to cause fearSaddam Hussein - leader of Iraq from 1979-2003jihad - “struggle”; call for Islamic followers to strive forsome change
  • Cold War EndsEvidence: Berlin Wall falls(1989)Germany Reunites - East andWest (1990)Communist governments fallacross East Europe (1989-90)Communist government falls inRussia (1991)USA ➙ still selling Big Macs
  • Why? Major factor: Money American economy stronger, able to grow through difficult times (market economy); Soviet economy inefficient (command economy) Arms Race Technology Innovation 1980s: US President Ronald Reagan
  • Afghanistan (Soviet “AfghanTrap”)Vietnam: US fails to win; unpopular; expensive(1950-1975) ➙ economically able to recover1979 - USSR invades Afghanistan to ‘liberate’ Afghanistan Ill-prepared; local mujahideen prove stronger than expected Receive aid and support from many other countries, including US1988 - USSR retreats ➙ failed to win; unpopular;expensive ➙ not able to economically recoverMiddle East ➙ chess board for superpowers
  • Middle East: IslamMiddle East - many nations withdifferent beliefs Most popular religion - IslamFundamental difference in Islamicbelief: Sunni and ShiaSunni: Believe that after Muhammaddied, the Islamic faith was led by anelected leader (Abu Bakr)Shia: Believe that after Muhammaddied, his family should lead (cousinAli (Shia-t-Ali - party of Ali)
  • US Involvement Afghanistan - secret aid: military, money and training Iran - Long time US supported leader (Shah Rezi Pahlavi) overthrown; Ayatollah Khomeini ➙ Iran Hostage Crisis (1979) Iraq - US back Iraq in Iran-Iraq War (1984) ➙ retribution Israel & Palestinian conflict - consistently support Israel Net effect: Rising resentment of US
  • TerrorismActs of violence intended to cause fearGoals can be political, religious orideological; domestic or international 1970s - IRA (North Ireland) 1972 - Munich Olympics; ‘Black September’ (Palestine) 1983 - Beirut Bombing (Lebanon) 1988 - Pan Am Flight 103 (Libya) 1995 - Tokyo Subway - Sarin Gas (Japan) 1995 - Oklahoma City (US)
  • US - Gulf War I Iraq invades Kuwait US leads UN coalition of forces (1990-91) Did not invade Iraq or remove Saddam Hussein Why not? ➙ fear of more radical Shia government replacing Sunni government under Hussein (Buffer) US Troops in Saudi Arabia ➙ close to Mecca US Support of Israel ➙ their control of Jerusalem Net effect ➙ rising ANGER against US
  • Global Terrorism Strikes USAl Qaeda - political organizationfrom mujahideen; other groups riseup too (Hamas, Islamic Jihad, etc.)Call for jihad 1993 - World Trade Center ➙ truck bomb 1998 - US Embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania & Nairobi, Kenya ➙simultaneous bombing 2000 - USS Cole in Aden, Yemen ➙ bombing 2001 - World Trade Towers, Pentagon ➙ 9/11