Restructuring Asia in thePostwar WorldTrying to stop the dominos from falling...
ObjectivesDescribe events that highlight the Cold War. Analyze impact of Korean and Vietnam Wars.
VocabularyPeoples Republic of China (PRC) - name adopted for China bythe Communist party under Mao Zedong.cult of personality - use of mass media to create an idealizedimage of an individual as heroic.Cultural Revolution - uprising led by Red Guard to make allChinese more equal in status.38th Parallel - line of division that separates North and SouthKorea.domino theory - political theory first stated by Pres. Eisenhowerthat describes spread of Communism.Gulf of Tonkin incident - Aug.1964 incident in the Gulf of Tonkinthat escalated American involvement in the Vietnam War.
China - Rise of MaoAfter WWII - Nationalist party underJiang Jieshi attempted to crushCommunists (Allies in the war)Mao Zedong led very popularuprising of poor farmers in the North- much more popular thanNationalistsBy 1949 - Nationalist party driven outof China onto island of TaiwanMao declares new nation - PeoplesRepublic of China (PRC)
Life under MaoChinese Communist Party - party of farmersChinese population - large and mostly little formaleducationMao is a hero of the people - the common manUse of mass media to promote this cult of personality
Cultural Revolution Some changes work, others not By 1960s, China - closed nation Effort to keep core socialist values - a Cultural Revolution led by young people to ‘weed out’ elitists Mao’s Little Red Book Eliminate anyone different Disastrous
Korean War (1950-53)End of WWII - Korea divided atthe 38th Parallel North - USSR influence; South - US influence1949 - Both countries withdraw;USSR supplies North Korea andencourages action1950 - North Korea invadesSouth Korea - quickly drivestheir forces to near Pusan
Enter Gen. MacArthur UN votes to defend South Korea Under direction of Truman (Truman Doctrine) and leadership of Gen. Douglas MacArthur Drives back North Koreans; Chinese threatened 3 years of battle - stalemate In the end - divide Korea at 38th Parallel
Communist Fears1954 - President Eisenhower describes fears thatevents in China and USSR would lead to more nationsturning to oppressive Communist regimesIf one nation fell, neighboring countries would alsolikely fall under the influenceDescribes as the dominotheory Like dominos, communism would spread throughout East Asia
Vietnam: Another DominoFrench controlled Indo-China(Vietnam) - conflict betweenimperialist French and nativeVietnamese from 1900After WWII - Ho Chi Minh(Communist) and Nationalists join torise against FrenchUS - support French to stopCommunist spread, but 1954 FrenchsurrenderUnder international pressure, Vietnamsplits North (Communist) and South(Democracy) - promise of election
US Support - South Vietnam From 1954 - US sends ‘military advisers’ to help South Vietnam establish strong democracy Vietcong (South Vietnamese Communists) want one nation Begin guerrilla style war US stays out until 1964 - Gulf of Tonkin Incident
Textbook: pp. 866-70Read textbook pages 866-70Answer questions #2 and #3 on page 870Answer for #3 should be at least 2 paragraphsand should reference material in notes or inreading. (At LEAST 10 sentences)