06 - Electoral College

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Lecture set from high school American Government class describing the makeup and function of the Electoral College

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06 - Electoral College

  1. 1. The Electoral College The final Step to Choosing a President
  2. 2. Objectives Students will identify functions of the Electoral College and how it has changed over time
  3. 3. Vocabulary Electoral College: Group of persons chosen in each State and the District of Columbia every four years who make a formal selection of the President and Vice President Electoral votes: Votes cast by electors in the electoral College
  4. 4. The Framers Plan • Each state has presidential electors as it had in Congress (538, District of Columbia) • Electors chosen by the state as they wish • Each elector casts two votes, each for a different person
  5. 5. The Framers Plan (Con’t) • The votes are opened and counted before a joint session of Congress • Most votes, if a majority, becomes President • 2nd becomes VP • If tie or no majority, President is chosen by the House • If a tie there, chosen by the Senate
  6. 6. Election of 1800 • Two parties - tie between Thomas Jefferson and Aaron Burr • 12th Amendment (1804): President and Vice- President run together
  7. 7. Electoral College Calendar • Spring of Election Year: each political party chooses electors for their states (2 sets, one for each party) • November: Election Day - popular vote takes place • December: Electoral College meets. The electors representing the party that won the popular vote go to Washington D.C. and cast their votes* • January: When Congress opens their sessions for the year - the electoral ballots are counted

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