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03 - Forms of Government
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03 - Forms of Government

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Lecture on various forms of government for American Government class at Atchison County Community High School.

Lecture on various forms of government for American Government class at Atchison County Community High School.

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    • 1. FORMS OFGOVERNMENTHow to Pick ‘Em Out of a Line-Up!
    • 2. OBJECTIVESStudents will identify different ways that power can bedistributed within a state.Students will describe a government by how power isdistributed.
    • 3. VOCABULARYautocracy: government in which a single person holds unlimited political power.oligarchy: government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointedelite.unitary government: centralized government where power is held by a single, centralagency.federal government: powers of government are divided between a central government andseveral local governments.confederation: an alliance of independent states where the power to handle those mattersthat the member states have assigned to it.presidential government: separation of powers between the executive and the legislativebranches of the government.parliamentary government: where the executive is made up of the prime minister orpremier and their cabinet who are all members of the legislative branch or parliament.
    • 4. RULE OF MANY;RULE OF A FEWHow can we classify governments?1. Those that can participate2. Distribution of power within the state3. Relationship between legislative & executive powers
    • 5. DEMOCRACY Supreme authority rests with the people Direct or indirect Direct: will of the people is translated into public policy by the people themselves (Town hall meeting) Indirect: representative government (Republic)
    • 6. DICTATORSHIPAuthoritarian rule by a small, self-appointed elite Exercise power over nearly every aspect of life (Hobbes) Could be an autocracy or oligarchyOutward appearances can be deceiving Controlled elections Tend to be militaristic; aggressive
    • 7. GEOGRAPHICDISTRIBUTION OF POWERUnitary government - centralized government where allpowers belong to a single, central agency (UK Parliament)Federal government - divided power between centralgovernment and local government (division of powers)Confederate government - alliance of independentstates; central government only has power given by satellitestates (EU)
    • 8. LEGISLATIVE & EXECUTIVERELATIONSHIPPresidential government - separation of powers betweenthe executive and legislative Independent and equal (US)Parliamentary government - prime minister or premier,that are members of the legislative bodies majority party Part of the legislative body; ‘no confidence’ risk Which type of government is more prevalent in the world?