02 - Renaissance II
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02 - Renaissance II

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Lecture notes for Mr. English's World History class.

Lecture notes for Mr. English's World History class.

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02 - Renaissance II Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Renaissance Men/ Women What it takes to be a maestro
  • 2. Objectives❖ Students will discuss aspects of Renaissance figures and identify what it means to be a Renaissance Person❖ Students will analyze the changes in European thought and culture resulting from the Renaissance.
  • 3. Vocabulary❖ Francesco Petarch❖ Filippo Brunelleschi❖ Leonardo da Vinci❖ Michelangelo Buonarroti❖ Niccolo Machiavelli
  • 4. Francesco Petarch (1304-1374)❖ Considered the earliest humanist❖ Poet & scholar❖ Assembled library of Greek & Roman writings❖ Revived interest and admiration for great Roman and Greek writers - Cicero, Homer, Virgil, etc.
  • 5. Greek & Roman Influence❖ Renaissance artists still continued to portray religious scenes ❖ Used Greek or Roman backgrounds to set them❖ Focus was on realism and perspective ❖ Mixture of Greek and Roman influence with contemporary imagery
  • 6. Change from Gothic Architecture❖ Renaissance architecture into a ‘social art’.❖ From height and arches to a reflection of classical style of columns, arches and domes❖ Cathedrals and other important buildings reflected this ideal
  • 7. Filippo Brunelleschi (1377-1446) ❖ Renaissance architect ❖ Most famous for designing the Florence cathedral ❖ Also created bronze artwork, mathematician, engineering, and ship design ❖ Challenged classical approach to architecture ❖ Began to use linear perspective
  • 8. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519)❖ Driving force: curiosity; Wanted to understand how the world around him worked❖ By observing world around him and sketching things as he saw them, his art reflected a more striking realism.❖ Art was only one of his passions: anatomy, botany, optics, architecture and engineering.
  • 9. Video at:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oG6kVqMb8pk
  • 10. Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) ❖ Sculptor, engineer, painter, architect and poet ❖ Focus of his art was to capture humanist perspective on biblical themes ❖ Sculpture of “David” emphasizes harmony and grace from Greek tradition ❖ Frescoes in the Sistine Chapel - took 4 years for the ceiling and 6 years for the wall
  • 11. Literature and Writing❖ Number of writers emphasized humanities ideals❖ Baldassare Castiglione developed a guidebook for what a good man and woman should be like❖ Niccolo Machiavelli would write on how best to gain control and power by those in power ❖ ‘Ends justify the means.’
  • 12. Video at:http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s25kX24j250