Objectives• Students will identify key terms of sociological perspective.• Students will discuss aspects of social structure that exist in their lives.
Vocabulary• perspective: a particular point of view.• sociology: the scientiﬁc study of social structure (human social behavior).• sociological perspective: a view that looks at behavior of groups, not individuals.• social structure: the patterned interaction of people in social relationships.• sociological imagination: the ability to see the link between society and self.
Through one’s own lens• Individuals tend to view the world through their own perspective. • Babies are usually brighter and better looking to their parents than they are to others. • Our culture seems ‘normal’; others seem ‘foreign’
Sociology• Sociology is the scientiﬁc study of human behavior. • However the focus is on groups rather than on individuals • This involves a sociological perspective
The Social Sciences• Sociology is part of a larger group of sciences that deals with the study of human behavior • This includes:
Anthropology • Investigation of culture, the customary beliefs and material traits of groups.
Psychology• Investigates human mental and emotional processes.
Economics • Study of the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services.
Political Science• Study of the organization, administration, history and theory of government.
History • Examines the past events in human societies.
Sociologist: Method• Focus is not on behavior of individuals • Patterns of behavior shared by members of a group or society. • Sociologists attempt to explain events without relying on personal factors. • Look for social, rather than personal explanations
Importance of Patterns• Patterns give clues to sociologists on what to examine and to watch.• Patterned interaction of people in social relationships: social structure• It is impossible to perfectly predict an individuals behavior within a group. But patterns can emerge.
Conformity• Groups come in many sizes - from a single family to all of a given society.• These groups can have enormous inﬂuence on how members of a group think, behave and feel in similar ways.• Individual habits reﬂect group attitudes and beliefs. • Reﬂect values of that group
Sociological Imagination• Knowing how social forces affect our lives can prevent us from being prisoners of those forces. • Ability to see the relationship between events in their personal lives and events in society.
Why is that important?• Changes in the needs of a given society will be reﬂected in the values of that society and change the pressures.• Challenges the notion of ‘conventional social wisdom’ as time moves on.