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  • 1. Poetry Terms to Know Some are a review some are new Each will help you With the work you do
  • 2. Playing with the sounds of word…. Rhythm, Repetition, Alliteration, Assonance, Onomatopoeia
  • 3. Onomatopoeia
    • A word that imitates the sound it represents
    • Examples:
    • Zip
    • Bang
    • Boom
    • Chirp
  • 4. Rhythm
    • The pattern or flow of sound created by the arrangement of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry.
    • Example: See the website for more explaination and multiple examples
    • www.writing.upenn.edu/~afilreis/88/meter.html
  • 5. Rhyme
    • External Rhyme- Word endings that sound alike at the end of lines
    • Example: I love School
    • It is cool
    • Internal Rhyme- word endings that sound alike within a line
    • Example: I went on a trip in a ship far far away
  • 6. Assonance Alliteration
    • Repeated vowel sounds
    • Example- “How now, brown cow”
    • Repeated consonant sounds at the beginning of words
    • Example – Dandy Dancing Dog
  • 7. Playing with the meaning of words… Simile, Metaphor, Personification, Hyperbole, Symbol
  • 8. Metaphors and Similes
    • Metaphor -A comparison between 2 unlike things that does not use like or as
    • Simile- A comparison between 2 unlike things that uses like or as
    • “ You're a midsummer's dream under a star-soaked sky.
    • That peaceful easy feelin' at the end of a long, long road.
    • You're like coming home;
    • You're like coming home, all right.”
    • by Lonestar
  • 9. Personification
    • Giving non-human things human characteristics
    • Examples:
    • The sun danced across the sky on the hot summer day.
    • The leaves raced to the ground
  • 10. Hyperbole
    • Exaggeration used for effect
    • Examples:
    • He has a brain the size of a pea
    • =
  • 11. Symbol
    • A person, place or object that stands for something beyond its literal meaning.
    • Examples = Being Married
    • = America
  • 12. Playing with the images of words Imagery- the use of vivid language to generate ideas and/or emotion with the five senses.
  • 13. Poetic Form Couplet, Meter, Rhyme Scheme and Stanza
  • 14. Couplet
    • A Rhymed pair of lines in a poem
    • Example:
    • “ Listen, my children and you shall hear
    • of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,…”
    • from “Paul Revere’s Ride” by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow
  • 15. Meter
    • The regular pattern of accented and unaccented syllables. Although all poems have rhythm not all poems have a regular meter.
    • Please check this website for examples
    • Rhythm and Meter in English Poetry
  • 16. Rhyme Scheme
    • The pattern of end rhyme in a poem. The pattern is charted by assigning a letter of the alphabet, beginning with the letter a, to each line. Lines that rhyme are given the same letter.
    • Example:
    • Up in the sky a
    • I see a cloud b
    • I like to fly a
    • I listen closely c
    • I do not hear a sound b
  • 17. Stanza
    • A grouping of two or more lines. A stanza is comparable to a paragraph in prose. Each stanza ma have the same number of lines or the number of lines may vary.
    • Example: “Choices” by Nikki Giovanni
      • Click below to see how there are 5 stanza’s and each include a different number of lines
      • Nikki Giovanni