Chapter 23
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  • Review chapter objectives.
  • Discuss the role of verbs.Discuss verb tense.
  • Discuss present tense.Share INFO BOX.Discuss past tense.
  • Discuss the main forms of a verb: Present, Past, Present Participle, and Past Participle.Show how helping verbs express time.
  • Discuss irregular verbs.
  • Discuss verb tense.Discuss the Present Perfect Tense.
  • Discuss the Past Perfect Tense.
  • Discuss passive and active voice.Share examples.
  • Discuss verb errors.

Transcript

  • 1. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 2. CHAPTER 23: USING VERBS CORRECTLY: STANDARD VERBFORMS, IRREGULAR VERBS, CONSISTENCY, AND VOICECopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will learn to: identify standard and irregular verb forms, recognize errors in verb tense or consistency, and distinguish between passive and active voice. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 4. THE ROLE OF VERBS Verbs are words that show some kind of action or being.  Verbs also tell about time. The time of a verb is called tense. Present tense, future tense, etc. Using Standard Verb Forms  Nonstandard forms can be used in everyday conversation.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 5. THE ROLE OF VERBS The Present Tense  INFO BOX: In the present tense, use an –s or – esending on the verb only when the subject is he, she, or it, or the equivalent, such as a proper name or a singular noun. The Past Tense  The past tense of most verbs is formed by adding -d or –edto the verb.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 6. THE ROLE OF VERBS The Four Main Forms of a Verb: Present, Past, Present Participle, and Past Participle  You use the four verb forms alone or with helping verbs to express time (tense). Present Past Present Past Participle Participle listen listened listening listenedCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 7. IRREGULAR VERBS Irregular verbs do not follow the same rules as regular verbs.  Be, have, and do are irregular verbs. The Past Tense of be, have, and do More Irregular Verb Forms  Refer to the list of irregular verbs.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 8. CONSISTENT VERB TENSES Staying in one tense (unless you have a reason to change tenses) is called consistency of verb tense.  Change all verbs to the same tense to avoid errors. The Present Perfect Tense  The present perfect tense is made up of the past participle form of the verb plus have or has as a helping verb.  Use this tense to show an action that started in the past but is still going on in the present.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 9. CONSISTENT VERB TENSES The Past Perfect Tense  The past perfect tense is made up of the past participle form of the verb and had as a helping verb.  Use this tense to show more than one event in the past—that is, when two or more things happened in the past but at different times.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 10. PASSIVE AND ACTIVE VOICE Passive and Active Voice  When the subject in the sentence is doing something, the verb is in the active voice.  When something is done to the subject—when it receives the action of the verb—the verb is in the passive voice. Avoiding Unnecessary Shifts in Voice  Be consistent in the voice of verbs.  Do not shift from active voice to passive voice or vice versa without good reason.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 11. A FEW TIPS ABOUT VERBS Verb errors that people tend to make:  Used to: Be careful when you write that someone used to do, say, or feel something. It is incorrect to write use to.  Could Have, Should Have, Would Have: Using of instead of have is another error with verbs.  Would Have/Had: If you are writing about something that might have been possible, but that did not happen, use had as the helping verb.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 12. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOTA MAIN FORM OF A VERB?A. pastB. presentC. present participleD. futureCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 13. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOTA MAIN FORM OF A VERB?A. pastB. presentC. present participleD. futureidentify standard and irregular verb forms,Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 14. OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS AN EXAMPLEOF A VERB IN THE ACTIVE VOICE? A. I painted the car. B. The car was painted by me. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 15. OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS AN EXAMPLEOF A VERB IN THE ACTIVE VOICE? A. I painted the car. B. The car was painted by me. distinguish between passive and active voice. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 16. OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS AN EXAMPLEOF A VERB IN THE PASSIVE VOICE? A. I painted the car. B. The car was painted by me. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 17. OF THE FOLLOWING, WHICH IS AN EXAMPLEOF A VERB IN THE PASSIVE VOICE? A. I painted the car. B. The car was painted by me. distinguish between passive and active voice. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.