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Chapter 14
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  • Review chapter objectives.
  • Discuss the roles of research.
  • Discuss locating materials in the college library.Schedule a library presentation or tour.Develop a scavenger hunt that requires students to explore the library independently.Discuss popular periodical indexes and share them with students.
  • Discuss internet search engines and share them with students.Discuss checking for validity of sources.
  • Discuss gathering and organizing sources.Discuss taking notes and citing sources.Explain documentation and the works cited page.
  • Discuss plagiarism and how to avoid it.Discuss MLA.Share examples.
  • Discuss MLA.Discuss signal phrases.
  • Discuss documenting information from a source with an unknown author.
  • Discuss Works Cited page in MLA format.
  • Discuss MLA format.
  • Discuss MLA format.
  • Discuss MLA format.
  • Discuss MLA format.
  • Discuss how to include research in the outline.Share a draft of an essay with research.
  • Share an example of the final version of an essay.

Transcript

  • 1. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 2. CHAPTER 14: USING RESEARCH TO STRENGTHEN ESSAYSCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will be able to strengthen your essays by: incorporating supporting details from valid sources, using proper MLA documentation for internal citation and Works Cited entries, and blending direct quotations and effective paraphrasing. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 4. THE ROLES OF RESEARCH The ability to include supporting material from outside sources to strengthen your writing.  Starting with a Basic Outline and Essay  An Essay Without ResearchCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 5. FINDING RESEARCH TO STRENGTHEN ESSAYS Locating Material in Your College Library  Online Catalog Lists all of the library’s books and major holdings.  Popular Periodical Indexes College libraries subscribe to several index services that provide access to complete articles from periodicals. • EBSCOhost • InfoTrac • WilsonWebCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 6. FINDING RESEARCH TO STRENGTHEN ESSAYS  Internet Search Engines  Search engines that help users locate specific Web sites and potential sources if they do not show URL addresses. • Google • BING • AltaVista • Yahoo! Checking for Validity of Sources  Check author’s credentials  Evaluate sources, both print and online, carefully.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 7. INCORPORATING AND ACKNOWLEDGING YOUR SOURCES  Gathering and Organizing Sources  Print out articles and photocopy sources.  Organize and label sources.  Taking Notes and Acknowledging Your Sources  Documentation involves acknowledging the source.  When you provide the documentation within a research essay, you are using an internal citation.  Works Cited is the last page of the essay where you list all of the sources you cited within the paper. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 8. INCORPORATING AND ACKNOWLEDGING YOUR SOURCES  Avoiding Plagiarism  Plagiarism occurs when you use a source’s words or ideas and fail to give proper credit to the author and/or course of the work.  Even if you paraphrase, you must give credit to the original source.  Options for Acknowledging Your Sources  English and Humanities instructors prefer students to follow MLA (Modern Language Association) system of documentation.  MLA handbooks are readily available. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 9. INCORPORATING AND ACKNOWLEDGING YOUR SOURCES  MLA Internal (“In-text”) Citation Several options for incorporating and giving credit to the source of your information. Parenthetical documentation.  Signal Phrases  Phrases that enable you to lead smoothly into documented information.  Examples: According to Smith; As Smith notes; Smith suggests that; Smith reports that Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 10. INCORPORATING AND ACKNOWLEDGING YOUR SOURCES  Documenting Information from a Source with an Unknown Author  If there is no author listed for a source, introduce the full title of the work after a signal phrase or place an abbreviation of the title in parenthesis at the end of the information cited. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 11. WORKS CITED ENTRIES: MLA FORMAT Works Cited list of sources contains only the works you cited in your paper. The list is alphabetized and starts on a separately numbered page after the essay itself. Entries should be double-spaced and the second and subsequent lines of each entry should be indented five spaces. Double spacing should also be used between each entry. The medium of publication is now required to be listed for all Works Cited entries.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 12. WORKS CITED ENTRIES: A COMPREHENSIVE LIST (MLA) Books  Book by One Author  Book by Two Authors  A Short Work in an Anthology  Introduction from a Book  Dictionary or Encyclopedia Periodicals  Newspaper Article  Newspaper Editorial  Magazine Article (from a Monthly or Bimonthly Publication)Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 13. WORKS CITED ENTRIES: A COMPREHENSIVE LIST (MLA)  Magazine Article (from a Weekly Publication)  Journal Article Electronic Sources  Entire Web Site  Article or Short Work  Article from an Online Magazine  Article from an Online Subscription Service  EmailCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 14. WORKS CITED ENTRIES: A COMPREHENSIVE LIST (MLA) Other Sources: Non-Print  Personal Interview  Radio or Television Program At a Glance: Seven Common Types of Works Cited Entries  Book  Magazine Article  Newspaper Article  Journal Article  Article from an Online MagazineCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 15. WORKS CITED ENTRIES: A COMPREHENSIVE LIST (MLA)  Articlefrom an Online Database Subscription Service  An Entire Web Site (No Named Author)Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 16. INCORPORATING RESEARCH INTO YOUR OUTLINE Include research information in the outline A Draft of an Essay with ResearchCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 17. PREPARING THE FINAL VERSION OF AN ESSAY WITH RESEARCH Making Final Changes and Refinements  Include refinements, changes, and MLA documentationCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 18. WHEN CHECKING FOR VALIDITY OF ONLINE SOURCES,A STUDENT SHOULD A. check the author’s credentials. B. assume that the information is valid because it appears online. C. disregard any information about the background of the company. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 19. WHEN CHECKING FOR VALIDITY OF ONLINE SOURCES,A STUDENT SHOULD A. check the author’s credentials. B. assume that the information is valid because it appears online. C. disregard any information about the background of the company. incorporating supporting details from valid sources, Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 20. MLA FORMAT IS PREFERRED BYA. psychology instructorsB. engineering instructorsC. English instructorsD. art instructorsCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
  • 21. MLA FORMAT IS PREFERRED BYA. psychology instructorsB. engineering instructorsC. English instructorsD. art instructorsusing proper MLA documentation for internal citationand Works Cited entriesCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.