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Chapter 11

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  • Review chapter objectives.
  • Discuss the essay.Shareexamples of both a single paragraph and an essay for students to compare.
  • Discuss the organization of an essay.
  • Discuss the characteristics of a thesis.
  • Discuss the hints for writing a thesis.Share examples.
  • Discuss the steps to writing an essay. Share an example of each step.
  • Have students select a topic for an essay.Direct students to brainstorm, freewrite, or list ideas on their selected topic.Model clustering ideas and thesis development.
  • Have students draft an outline for their essay.Discuss the hints for outlining.Direct students to use the checklist for revising the outline of an essay.
  • Discuss the introduction.
  • Discuss hints for writing the introduction.
  • Discuss writing the body of the essay.Review the checklist for topic sentences of an essay.
  • Discuss developing body paragraphs.Review the checklist for developing body paragraphs for an essay.Discuss writing the conclusion.
  • Discuss revising the draft, transitions within paragraphs, and transitions between paragraphs.Share an example of an essay draft.
  • Discuss how to create a title.Share the final version of an essay.Review Lines of Detail, Topics for Writing, and Topics for Critical Thinking and Writing sections.Assign an essay for students to write independently. Allow students to self-select the topic for their essay.
  • Transcript

    • 1. Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 2. CHAPTER 11: WRITING AN ESSAYCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 3. CHAPTER OUTLINE AND LEARNING OBJECTIVESIn this chapter, you will learn to: identify the basic components of an essay, recognize the differences between a topic sentence and a thesis statement, and write a multi-paragraph essay containing sufficient supporting details and effective transitions.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 4. WHAT IS AN ESSAY? You write an essay when you have more to say than can be covered in one paragraph.  An essay has a main point, called a thesis, supported by subpoints.  The subpoints are the topic sentences.  Each paragraph in the body, or main part, of the essay has a topic sentence. Comparing the Single Paragraph and the Essay  Similarities and differencesCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 5. ORGANIZING AN ESSAY When you write an essay, the thesis is the focus. Other important points that relate to the thesis are in topic sentences. An essay contains the following:  Introduction  Body  ConclusionCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 6. ORGANIZING AN ESSAY Writing the Thesis  Several Characteristics of a thesis: 1. It is expressed in a sentence. A thesis is not the same as the topic of the essay or the title of the essay. 2. A thesis does not announce; it makes a point about the subject. 3. A thesis is not too broad. 4. A thesis is not too narrow.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 7. ORGANIZING AN ESSAY Hints for Writing a Thesis  Your thesis can mention the specific subpointsof your essay.  You can make a point without listing your subpoints.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 8. WRITING THE ESSAY IN STEPS Prewritingan Essay—how to generate and develop ideas for your essay Planning an Essay—how to organize your ideas for your essay Drafting and Revising an Essay—how to create, revise, and edit rough drafts of your essay Proofreading an Essay—how to proofread and make one final check of your essayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 9. PREWRITING AN ESSAY Begin by narrowing a topic. Listing Ideas  Brainstorm, freewrite, or list ideas Clustering the Ideas  Clustering related items will make it easier to see connections between ideas.  Give the clusters a subtitle that helps move toward a focus for each body paragraph of the essay.  Once you have a thesis and a list of details, you can begin working on the planning part of the essay.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 10. PLANNING AN ESSAY Draft an outline  The Structure of a Formal Outline Hints for Outlining 1. Check the topic sentences. 2. Include enough details. 3. Stay on one point. Revisiting the Prewriting Stage  Checklist for Revising the Outline of an EssayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 11. DRAFTING AND REVISING AN ESSAY Start by writing a first draft that includes the introduction, body paragraphs, and conclusion. Writing the Introduction  Where Does the Thesis Go? The thesis should appear in the introduction of the essay, in the first paragraph. Generally, the thesis is the last sentence in the introductory paragraph.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 12. DRAFTING AND REVISING AN ESSAY  Hints for Writing the Introduction 1. You can begin with some general statements that gradually lead to your thesis. 2. You can begin with a quotation that smoothly leads to your thesis. 3. You can tell a story as a way of leading into your thesis. 4. You can explain why this topic is worth writing about. 5. You can use one or more questions to lead into your thesis. 6. You can open with a contradiction of your main point as a way of attracting the reader’s interest and leading to your thesis.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 13. DRAFTING AND REVISING AN ESSAY Writing the Body of the Essay  In the body, the paragraphs explain, support, and develop your thesis.  Each paragraph has its own topic sentence. It focuses the sentences in the paragraph. It makes a point connected to the thesis.  Checklist for Topic Sentences of an Essay  How Long Are the Body Paragraphs? Try to make body paragraphs at least seven sentences long.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 14. DRAFTING AND REVISING AN ESSAY  Developing the Body Paragraphs Work through the stages of gathering ideas, outlining, drafting, revising, editing, and proofreading. Checklist for Developing Body Paragraphs for an Essay Writing the Conclusion  Last paragraph of the essay.  Strategies for writing the conclusion: 1. You can restate the thesis in new words.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 15. DRAFTING AND REVISING AN ESSAY 2. You can make a judgment, valuation, or recommendation. 3. You can conclude by framing your essay.  Revising the Draft  Checklist for Revising the Draft of an Essay  Transitions Within Paragraphs  INFO BOX: Common Transitions Within a Paragraph  Transitions Between Paragraphs  A Draft EssayCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 16. PROOFREADINGAN ESSAY Creating a Title The Final Version of an Essay Lines of Detail: A Walk-Through Assignment Topics for Writing an Essay Topics for Critical Thinking and WritingCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 17. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A PART OF THE ESSAY?A. introductionB. reviewC. conclusionD. bodyCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 18. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A COMPONENT OF THE ESSAY? A. introduction B. review C. conclusion D. body identify the basic components of an essay Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 19. THE MAIN POINT OF AN ESSAY IS CALLED A. a thesis. B. a topic sentence. C. subpoints. D. a title.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 20. THE MAIN POINT OF AN ESSAY IS CALLEDA. a thesis.B. a topic sentence.C. subpoints.D. a title.recognize the differences between a topic sentenceand a thesis statementCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 21. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE OF A THESIS?A. Working as a nurse has changed my character.B. I have learned empathy.C. I have learned patience.D. I have learned to be kind.Copyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.
    • 22. WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS AN EXAMPLE OF A THESIS?A. Working as a nurse has changed my character.B. I have learned empathy.C. I have learned patience.D. I have learned to be kind.recognize the differences between a topic sentenceand a thesis statementCopyright © 2012 by Pearson Education, Inc.