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Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
Classification and generations of computers
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Classification and generations of computers

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  • good and this slide heip me to prepare seminar on the topic of the clssification ofcomputer thak you
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  • 1.  
  • 2. <ul><li>Introduction to computers </li></ul><ul><li>Classifications of computers </li></ul><ul><li>(1)By nature </li></ul><ul><li>(2)By purpose </li></ul><ul><li>(3)By size </li></ul><ul><li>Generations(5) </li></ul>
  • 3. Computers Digital Computers Analog Computers Hybrid computers Classification by nature
  • 4. Digital Computers Use digits specially binary digits (0, 1) to represent data Examples: Personal computers such as Laptops and Desktops, etc Computer Classification Classification by nature
  • 5. Analog Computers Use physical magnitudes as voltage and pressure instead of digits Examples: Thermometers, voltmeters, speed measuring meters, etc Computer Classification Classification by nature
  • 6. <ul><li>Hybrid Computers </li></ul><ul><li>Combination of both the analogue and digital computers </li></ul><ul><li>Examples: </li></ul><ul><li>A computer that maintain temperature in a burner of a production plant </li></ul>Computer Classification Classification by nature
  • 7. Computer Classification Classification by Purpose Special purpose computers General purpose computers Computers
  • 8. <ul><li>Special purpose computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Designed for a special job only </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: Computers used in digital watches, pocket calculators, point of sales, etc </li></ul></ul>Computer Classification Classification by Purpose
  • 9. <ul><li>General Purpose computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design to solve wide variety of problems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Examples: A personal computer used in an office or at home </li></ul></ul>Computer Classification Classification by Purpose Can a general purpose computer be converted to a special purpose computer ?
  • 10. By size Mainframe Minicomputers Microcomputers Supercomputer
  • 11. <ul><li>Mainframe computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A large computer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>has enormous input, process, output and storage capacities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hundreds of terminals connected </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>hundreds of users can work simultaneously </li></ul></ul>Computer Classification Classification by size
  • 12. <ul><li>Mini computer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A smaller version of Mainframes </li></ul></ul>Computer Classification Classification by size
  • 13. Computer Classification Classification by size <ul><li>Microcomputer </li></ul><ul><li>A smaller computer </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>available for only one user at any time </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The central processing unit is embedded in a single chip - microprocessor </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Examples: personal computers; Laptops, desktops </li></ul>
  • 14.  
  • 15. <ul><li>The First generation </li></ul><ul><li>The Second Generation </li></ul><ul><li>The Third Generation </li></ul><ul><li>The Fourth Generation </li></ul><ul><li>The Fifth Generation </li></ul>
  • 16. <ul><li>1942-1955 </li></ul><ul><li>Vacuum Tube </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Burnout </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Machine language </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic core memory </li></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Punched cards </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tape (1957) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Characteristics of 1 st Generation Computers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Computers big and clumsy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electricity consumption is high </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric failure occurred regularly  - computers not very reliable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large air conditioners was necessary because the computers generated heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Batch processing </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. programming - machine language
  • 18. ENIAC - first generation computer vacuum tube 1942-1955
  • 19. ENIAC - first generation computer vacuum tube 1942-1955
  • 20. <ul><li>1955-1964 </li></ul><ul><li>Transistor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Smaller </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No warm-up time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Less heat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Faster </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More reliable </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Storage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Removable disk pack (1954) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Magnetic tape </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Programming languages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assembly language </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>FORTRAN (1954) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>COBOL(1959) </li></ul></ul>Used primarily by business, university, government
  • 21. <ul><li>Computers became smaller   </li></ul><ul><li>Generate less heat </li></ul><ul><li>Electricity consumption lower </li></ul><ul><li>More reliable and f aster  </li></ul><ul><li>Core memory developed </li></ul><ul><li>Magnetic tapes and disks used </li></ul><ul><li>First operating systems developed </li></ul><ul><li>A new processing method was needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Time-sharing (processing technique) </li></ul>
  • 22. transistor 1955-1964 second generation computer
  • 23. = 40 1
  • 24. <ul><li>1964-1975 </li></ul><ul><li>Integrated Circuit </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electronic circuit on small silicon chip </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Compactness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Low cost </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inexpensive – mass-produced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Computers smaller, faster and more reliable </li></ul><ul><li>Power consumption lower </li></ul><ul><li>High-level languages appeared </li></ul>
  • 25. 1 1000
  • 26. <ul><li>1975-1989 </li></ul><ul><li>Microprocessor </li></ul><ul><ul><li>General-purpose processor on a chip </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Explosive growth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Digital watches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pocket calculators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Personal computers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copy machines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Television sets </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Integrated circuits, smaller and faster </li></ul><ul><li>Micro computer series such as IBM and APPLE developed </li></ul><ul><li>Portable computers developed </li></ul><ul><li>Great development in data communication </li></ul><ul><li>Different types of secondary memory with high storage capacity and fast access developed </li></ul>
  • 27. third generation computer integrated circuit 1975-1989
  • 28. <ul><li>1989-Present </li></ul><ul><li>Large capacity of main memory, hard disk, optical disk. </li></ul><ul><li>Notebook </li></ul><ul><li>Powerful desktop P.C and workstation </li></ul><ul><li>Very powerful mainframe systems </li></ul><ul><li>Internet </li></ul><ul><li>World wide web (www) ,multimedia applications </li></ul><ul><li>Portable computers, more powerful ,cheaper ,reliable and easy to use. </li></ul>
  • 29. fifth generation computer microprocessor 1989 - today
  • 30. IBM PC & COMPATIBLE 2007 1990
  • 31. second vacuum tube transistor integrated circuit third first microprocessor fourth
  • 32.  

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