Education ~Skill Development  Assocham Conf Feb 2009
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  • 1. PROF. K. SUBRAMANIAN PROFESSOR & DIRECTOR ADVANCED CENTER FOR INFORMATICS & INNOVATIVE LEARNING, IGNOU NEW DELHI Education ~Skill Development Challenges Before India 06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 2. Vision & Mission : ‘QUALITY EDUCATION & Appropriate Skills TO ALL, INDEPENDENT OF GEOGRAPHY’
    • At IIT Guwahati, Hon’ble PM Dr. Manmohan Singh said
      • “ We are one of the youngest nations and, according to observers, India has the potential to create over 500 million trained people by 2022 which is over a fourth of the global workforce. The big opportunity for India would come from an education revolution that we must undertake as our most important national endeavor.”
    • The World of Education is undergoing a rapid and quiet transformation: How do we in India take advantage of this and synthesize a new framework of providing Global Skilled Workforce?
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 3. Learning~ Skills Development
    • Training and learning is no longer something you do between school and work.
    • Now employees will train, retrain and continue to develop new and higher levels of skills throughout their lives. 
    • This ongoing learning is critical to the individual employee, the employer and the economy.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 4. vocational education and training trends
    • Developing effective curricula, training institutions need to establish working relations with employers and the local community in order to respond to local employment opportunities and training needs.
    • The curricula have to be revised from time to time in order to maintain their objectives as job opportunities and training needs change.
    • This is possible when a monitoring and inspection system of the graduates (Tracer study) is put in place.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 5. Curricula
    • Training institutions may develop their own curricula according to their local job market demand and incorporate the rigid national curricula for the purpose of certification.
    • Institutional curricula need to be flexible to improve on access and equity.
    • Courses of varying length (modules) to minimize training duration, evening classes may be developed to lower cost of training.
    • In-service training for Instructors may also be developed according to the needs.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 6. Successful Skills Development
    • Entrepreneurship education & Financing requires
      • (i) Professional Instructors
      • (ii) Training materials, equipment and maintenance.
      • There is always inadequate financing in public and private training institutions to afford the above requirements.
    • Professional instructors: -
      • Professional instructors with good technical and pedagogical skills are central to quality training. These instructors are not readily available.
      • because there are no instructor-training institutions. If found the cost of training is very expensive.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 7. Successful Skills Development
    • Although skills imparted by modern sector institutions can be broadly useful in rural and informal sector, self-employment, the curricula are weak in preparing individuals for the market.
    • Industrial attachment for trainees organized by training institutions with industries plays an important role in initiating the trainees to a working (employment) environment and broadening their skills.
    • Successful entry into self-employment and the establishment of small businesses require much more than vocational skills
    • Access to capital and markets and business management competence are also needed
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 8. Set UP & Nurture National Skills Academies
    • form a vital building block for this new strategic approach to skills.
    • Managed by employers, National Skills Academies deliver learning through networks of selected colleges and training providers.
    • They give employers a unique opportunity to lead the development and delivery of bespoke training in their sector, ensuring not just current skills needs are met, but helping to ensure the workforce has the right skills in place for the jobs of the future.
    • deliver high-quality training for a specific sector;
    • provide first-class teaching in a modern learning environment;
    • be centers of innovation and creativity in skills development for their sector;
    • be flexible, sustaining the closest possible relationships with employers of all sizes; and
    • build specialist networks with a range of other learning providers, so that new thinking, new methods and higher standards are shared to the benefit of learners and employers.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 9. National Skills Academies
    • "National Skills Academies give employers the chance to shape the future skills system. Led by employers with Government support, these centers of excellence help us identify and tackle those skills shortages in sectors vital for the competitiveness of tomorrow's economy. "
    • There are no barriers to age or education to enroll on National Skills Academy courses, which are designed to help people build valuable skills that will be recognized by employers throughout their careers.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 10. Knowledge Economy
    • Knowledge Economy is “ an economy that creates, acquires, adapts and uses knowledge effectively for its economic & social development.
    • It would also cover using new & existing technology for improving productivity, manpower & overall welfare.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 11. KM: Opportunities & Challenges
    • Opportunities to grow, nictitates the challenge to invent, innovate & develop models, which are sustainable.
    • A Knowledge Economy has many facets.
      • While at one place it is knowledge for development,
      • at the other, it is creating an informed and learning society.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 12. Key characteristics of a Globalised Knowledge Economy
    • Rapid & Continuous change
    • Quality consciousness
    • Competition
    • Lifelong learning
    • Good Governance
    • Specializations, Standardizations & Certifications are the key to sharpen the skills of the workforce.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 13. Opportunities multiply for the Indian workforce
    • A credible IT image
    • English being widely spoken & used
    • The demographic advantage – majority of population in the working age group
    • Affinity to mathematics & science
    • Challenges nevertheless are equally vast due to the majority of India needs to develop a multi-collared skilled workforce
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 14. Skills Development Initiative – Localized Approach
    • Onsite Skills Training & Testing
    • Benchmarked international standards of performance
    • Accessibility, Quality and Cost; Independent Assessment & Verification and the Joint Certification with Awarding Bodies and Partners.
    • Through the initiative it has tried to integrate the stakeholders from the grassroots level worker to the policy makers into a delivery model, which is self-sustainable & encourages developing entrepreneurs.
    • It does not restrict itself to the high-end skills, but talks of developing a four-collared workforce – where importance is given to the rust collar worker as well.
    • With an elaborate Directory of Skills (with skills from services & manufacturing sectors), the Skills Development Initiative has components of training the workers, Training the Trainers, Smart Card Certification, Standardization & Skills Competitions.
    06/09/09 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 15. IGNOU’s Efforts : Collaborations & Convergence- AT A Glance
    • NCIDE
    • Vocational Training Institute
    • Corporate Training services
    • Convergence scheme of DEC
    • Center for Extension Education
    • Inter - University Consortium for Technology-enabled Flexible Education and Development (IUC-TEFED)-Multi media training labs are created
    • National Centre for Disability Studies (NCDS)
    • Educational Development of North East Region Unit (EDNERU) 2000/2007
    • Staff Training and Research Institute of Distance Education (STRIDE)1985/1993
    • Sustainable Science & SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
    • RAJIV GANDHI PROJECT – A PILOT TO PROVIDE EDUCATION THROUGH MASSIVE SATELLITE CONNECTIVITY UP TO GRASSROOT LEVEL
    • EDUSAT & DTH-EFA
    • Special Projects to cater to specific needs of Masses-Social Responsibility
    06/09/09 14 Prof. ks@2009 ACIIL IGNOU Feb 2009 Assocham skill development event
  • 16. Centers of Excellence under ACIIL Planned R & D & Practice Centers
    • 1.National Educational Grid in collaboration with NPTEL(IITs& IISc, etc) Education Grid to mitigate the need for a systematic technology facilitated collaborative framework using the NPTEL etc.
    • 2. eKissanBharat-In Collaboration with ICAER( A National AGRO KM Portal)
    • 3. Government Informatics(Good Governance & Practice) Collaboration with Governments/UN-Industry-Academia(National & Global)
    • 4. Security, Audit & Assurance Center(In collaboration with OECD, UNO, Global/National Institutions)
    • 5. Spatial(GEO) Informatics(in collaboration with DOS, GSI, & others)-On open source & Open Technology
    • 6. Computational Sciences & Simulation center( Chemistry, Physics etc)
    • 7. The National Shared Digital Repository of Open Educational Knowledge Resources—Accessible through IGNOU channels
    06/09/09
  • 17. Centers of Excellence under ACIIL Planned R & D & Practice centers
    • R & D centers will be established in every regional center of IGNOU under a Smart Regional Center Program staring with Kerala. Each smart regional center will cater to one or more subject area of ACIIL.
    • Practice centers will be established in IGNOU HQRS and other Selected Places.
    06/09/09
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  • 22. 02/10/09 Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup
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  • 27. 02/10/09 Prof. KS@2009 Assocham Skill Development & Training – National Challenges
  • 28. 02/10/09 Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup
  • 29. 02/10/09 Prof. KS@2009 Assocham seminar on Industry & Distance Edu Linkup
  • 30. 06/09/09 T OGETHER E VERYONE A CHIEVES M ORE “ ENABLE , EDUCATE AND EMPOWER EVERY CITIZEN AND COMMUNITY THROUGH KNOWLEDGE.” 06/09/09 ACIIL-IGNOU RSD Presentation Feb 2009