Lets review the thesis...The thesis consists of two components: a topic and anwriters opinion.Developing a thesis is a fluid process. Usually you start offwith a working thesis, a relatively simple statement, and thenrefine and strengthen it as the essay develops. Be sure you are interested in your thesis Keep your thesis original - though it is sometimes difficult to find a new position or twist on a topic, try to avoid formulaic statements and second-hand ideas Ensure your thesis is clear. Avoid abstract terms Chose a single focus Narrow your thesis so it provides a restricted or limited focus Craft the thesis so it reveals how you plan to deal with your topic - establish a path
Lets try to strengthen these statements...As many critics have contended, Lady Macbeth is the villain of the play.Although Ophelia is a fragile character, she is unprotected from theweaknesses of the characters who surround her.Allowing pets to visit hospitals benefits the patients and provides theanimals with love.The graphic violence in movies today has a negative impact on youngpeople.In this paper, I will discuss the dangers or exporting water to foreigncountries.
Reviewing the introduction...Place your topic in contextUse a "funnel" approach - start by discussing things generally andthen move to the specific.Quotation - works especially well when the quotation is taken fromthe person or work being discussed.Question - make it thought provoking and be sure to answer it in theessay.Anecdote - a relevant story can grab your readers attention, but it isinformal, so save it for your least formal essays.
Methods of Essay DevelopmentDefinition: An analytic structure where development is done though an explanationof important terms. Answers the question - what is it?Example and Illustration: Specific examples are used to support a thesis or makethe subject more interesting. Answers the question - For example?Classification and Division: An analytic structure where precise definitions andexplanations show the relationship between concepts or ideas. Answers the question- what kind is it? or what parts make up the whole?Comparison or Contrast: An analytic structure where the focus is on similarities anddifferences. Answers the question - How are the two or more things alike or notalike?
Methods of Essay Development contd...Cause and Effect: The interdependence of events is analyzed. Answers thequestions: Why did it happen? and What were the results of this occurrence?Process Analysis: A sequential (often chronological) ordering of information.Answers the question - How does it work? or How did it happen? The analysis isusually a step-by-step process.Narration and Description: Tell a story and creating a mental picture of the subject.There is a focus on sensory details as scenes are re-created for the reader."Methods of Essay Development." Reference Points. Robert Dawe et al. Toronto: Prentice Hall, 2001. 65 - 67. Print.
Reviewing the conclusion... Inverse Funnel - move from the focal point outward. Restate the thesis in different words and then discuss its implications on the whole. Caution: do not embrace too much. Discuss specific implications not vague generalities.New Angle - Reintroduce the argument with a new twist. Caution: do not inject anentirely new idea that might seem off-topic with the rest of the essay.Full Circle - If the introduction is based on an anecdote, question, or startling fact,complete the circle by referring to it again in relation to the insights revealed in theessay.Stylistic Flourish - If you have been using long, fluid, thoughts end with somethingpunchy. Or, come up with a striking phrase or colorful image to tie things up.
Works CitedAlways remember to cite your sources.Use paranthetical citations throughout the paper.Create a Works Cited page at the end of your paper
EditingFrequently, the best writer in a class is not theone who can dash off a fluent first draft, but theone who is the best editor.Preliminary Editing Check-List:Is the organization logical?Are all sections of the paper relevant to the topic?Are the purpose and approach evident from the beginning?Are the ideas sufficiently developed? Is there enough evidence, explanation, andillustration?Would an education person who has not read the primary material understand everythingbeing said? Do some parts need more clarification?Are the opposing arguments taken into consideration?Do the paragraph divisions give coherence to the ideas? Are similar ideas clustered? Areidea changes transitioned?Do any parts seem disjointed? Are more transitional words needed for flow andsequencing?
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