Formal Writing - The Paragraph (ENG1D)
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  • 1. Formal Writing
    ·Language
    ·Quotations
    ·The Thesis
    ·Planning
    ·Works Cited
  • 2. Language
  • 3. Language
    vs
  • 4. Language
    YOU
  • 5. Language
  • 6. Language
  • 7. Language
  • 8. Language: Transition Words
  • 9. Language: Verb Tense Usage
    Always write about literature in the PRESENT TENSE.
  • 10. Quotations: Integration
    On their own, quotations don't mean anything, they are just more words on a page. However, using point-proof-explanation, the quotations make your arguments valid. They are the PROOF.
    Try to make the quotations fit in grammatically correct sentences. Don’t let them just hang there, and don’t just stick them in.
    Lead into your quotation and then follow it up with an explanation that expands on how that moment in time relates to your thesis.
    POINT
    PROOF
    EXPLANATION
  • 11. Quotations: Integration
    Spotting the problem:
    If you have a period before a quotation, that is a clear indication that the quotation is not incorporated.
    If the verb tense shifts, that is another indication that the quotation is not incorporated.
  • 12. Quotations: Integration
    Solution #1: The quick fix:
    Begin by naming the person who makes the statement, and then, add the appropriate verb -
    Romeo proclaims,
    Juliet asks,
    Paris whispers,
    The Prince declares,
  • 13. Quotations: Integration
    Solution #2: The academic approach:
    Try to put the quotation in context, and be sure to only use the portion that is the most relevant. Make the text sound like it belongs, and that it is something you have written yourself.
    When Friar Laurence agrees to marry Romeo and Juliet, he does so thinking that the marriage will
    “turn the households’ rancor to
    pure love” (II, iii, 92). Unfortunately,
    he does not consider the ramifications
    of marrying two your people without
    their parents consent, and as a result...
  • 14. Quotations: Formatting
    Rule #1: For shorter quotations: (3 or fewer lines)
    If you are quoting three of fewer lines of a verse, use quotation marks and incorporate the quotation into your text. Put the citation AFTER the quotation, and the punctuation AFTER the citation.
    Example:
    Tybalt attempts to antagonize Romeo into a fight when he exclaims “thou art a villain” (III, i, 58).
  • 15. Quotations: Formatting
    Here is another example:
    Desperate to be with Romeo, Juliet begs her nurse to “find him! Give this ring to [her] true knight, / And bid him come to take his last farewell” (III, iii, 142-143).
    The forward slash “/” indicates a line break so the reader knows which part is line 142, and which 143. The square brackets around the word “her” indicate that a word within the quotation has been changed for grammatical purposes. The original quotation read “Give this ring to my true knight” which changes the point of view and does not fit the sentence.
  • 16. Quotations: Formatting
    If you do not require an entire quotation, you may omit sections by using ellipses.
    Friar Laurence attempts to save
    Juliet when he says: “I hear some
    noise, lady…come, come away”
    (V, iii, 151-154).
    It is always best to keep quotations short. The focus of your paper should be on your words using the text as support, NOT the other way around.
  • 17. Quotations: Formatting
    Rule #2: For longer quotations: (4 or more lines) there is a different set of rules to follow...
    ·Insert one line between the your point and the
    quotation
    ·Have an indented margin on both sides quotation
    ·Insert a space after the quotation and before the
    body of the essay begins again
    ·DO NOT use quotation marks
    ·SINGLE SPACE the quotation
    ·Copy the lines of text exactly as they appear in the
    original text - where the line ends in the book, you
    will end the line in your intended quotation.
    · Record the citation information directly under and to
    the right of the last line of the quotation.
  • 18. Quotations: Formatting
    At the end of the play Romeo and Juliet, Capulet and Montague
    make amends. Montague declares that he
    … will raise [Juliet’s] statue in pure gold,
    That while Verona by that name is known,
    There is no figure at such rate be set
    As that of true and faithful Juliet
    (V, iii, 299 - 302)
    and Capulet agrees to do the same, showing that they have learned
    the error of their ways.
  • 19. The Thesis
    The thesis is the main idea. It is the topic and the opinion combined into ONE statement, and it must constantly be referred back to throughout you paper.
    The TOPIC SENTENCE is the first sentence of a paragraph, and it mimics the thesis, outlining the main ideas being discussed in said paragraph.
  • 20. PLANNING
    Once you have chosen your topic, it`s time to start with the planning. This chart will help you organizer your thoughts into the POINT PROOF EXPLANATION format.
    Remember to apply the RULE OF 3!
  • 21. Work(s) Cited Page
    A Work(s) Cited page credits your sources and allows your to avoid plagiarism.
    The main information you have to make note of when using outside sources are:
    ·The title of the source
    ·The edition (if applicable)
    ·The name of the author and/or editor
    ·The name of the Publisher
    ·The place of publication
    ·The copyright date
    ·The URL (if accessed on the Internet)
    ·The Date of access (if an electronic resource)
  • 22. Work(s) Cited Page
    Let`s put a citation for Romeo and Juliet together now for practice.
    For a book, here is the format to follow:
    Author (last name first, first name last).
    Title (underlined). Place of publication:
    (colon) publisher, (comma) date of
    copyright. (period)
    * Note: if you have more than ONE book on your Works Cited page, you list the citations alphabetically by the first letter.
  • 23. Work(s) Cited Page
    There are many different ways to FORMAT the citations depending on the type of text being cited. If you visit my web site, you will see examples. Also, you can Google ``MLA citations``. Lastly, if you have Microsoft Word 2007 or 2010, there is actually a feature that allows you to fill in blanks and the program will create appropriate citations and a works cited page for you - it is under the `Reference`tab.
  • 24. Using Microsoft Office 2007 +
    For citations and Works Cited pages:
    Click on the "Reference" tab
    then "Insert Citation"
    Later on, you click on "Bibliography"
    and choose MLA to format your
    Work(s) Cited page.
  • 25. Using Microsoft Office 2007 +
    Another useful function is the "Readability" feature...
    This function will help you when if comes time for proofreading.
    To access this function, click on "File"
    then "Options". From there, click on
    "Proofing" then the box next to "show
    readability statistics". (note this feature
    is off by default so you will have to enable
    it by going through the process above.
    Now, when you finish spell checking your paper, you will also have your readability statistics.
    As you edit your paper, your
    readability level should improve.
    In this case, you are aiming for
    a 10+ as you are in grade 10.