What is Depression? <ul><li>Depression is a mental health disorder that can affect the way you eat and sleep, the way you feel about yourself, and the way you think about things. A depressive disorder is more than a passing mood. It is not a sign of personal weakness, and it cannot be willed or wished away. </li></ul>
Types of Depression <ul><li>Depressive disorders come in different forms. Three of the most common are Reactive depression, Atypical depression, Seasonal affective disorder (SAD), Postpartum depression, Major Depression, Dysthymia, and Bipolar Disorder. Even within these types of depression there are variations in the number of symptoms, their severity, and persistence. </li></ul>
Reactive and Atypical Depression <ul><li>Reactive depression is a temporary depression. It is related to feelings that arise because of a specific life situation. Symptoms can be severe, but they usually subside within two weeks to six months. </li></ul><ul><li>Atypical depression is not constant. A person with this condition might seem deeply depressed for a few days, then fine for a while, or anxious and cranky. </li></ul>
Seasonal Affective Disorder and Postpartum Depression <ul><li>(SAD) is often referred to as “winter blues.” It is a psychological and physical reaction to lack of sunlight. Typically, people who have SAD experience the onset of depression in late autumn. This depression, which can be mild or major, then clears up in early spring, as daylight hours start to get longer </li></ul><ul><li>Postpartum depression results from the enormous hormonal changes that take place when women give birth and begin the challenges of caring for an infant. About two-thirds of new mothers experience this form of depression. However, for about 10 to 15 percent of mothers, postpartum depression develops into clinical depression </li></ul>
Major Depression <ul><li>Major depression is manifested by a combination of symptoms (see symptom list below) that interfere with the ability to work, study, sleep, eat, and enjoy once pleasurable activities. Some people have a single episode of depression, but many have episodes that recur. </li></ul>
Dysthymia <ul><li>Dysthymia is a less severe type of depression that lasts a long time but involves less severe symptoms. If you suffer from dysthymia you probably lead a normal life, but you may not be functioning well or feeling good. People with dysthymia may also experience major depressive episodes at some time in their lives. </li></ul>
Bipolar Disorder <ul><li>Bipolar disorder is thought to be less common than other depressive disorders. If you have bipolar disorder you are troubled by cycling mood swings - usually severe highs (mania) and lows (depression). The mood swings are sometimes dramatic and rapid, but usually are more gradual. When in the depressed stage, a person can have any or all of the symptoms of a depressive disorder. When in the manic stage, the individual may be overactive, over talkative, and have a great deal of energy. Mania affects thinking, judgment, and social behavior, sometimes in ways that cause serious problems and embarrassment. A person in a manic phase may feel elated, full of grand schemes that might range from unwise business decisions to romantic sprees. Mania, left untreated, may worsen to a psychotic state, where the person is out of touch with reality. </li></ul>
Warning Signs <ul><li>Poor performance in school </li></ul><ul><li>Withdrawal from friends and activities </li></ul><ul><li>Sadness and hopelessness </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of enthusiasm, energy or motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Anger and rage </li></ul><ul><li>Overreaction to criticism </li></ul><ul><li>Feelings of being unable to satisfy ideals </li></ul><ul><li>Poor self-esteem or guilt </li></ul><ul><li>Indecision, lack of concentration or forgetfulness </li></ul><ul><li>Restlessness and agitation </li></ul><ul><li>Changes in eating or sleeping patterns </li></ul><ul><li>Substance abuse </li></ul><ul><li>Problems with authority </li></ul><ul><li>Suicidal thoughts or actions </li></ul>
Survey (out of 20 people) <ul><li>Do you know someone who suffers from depression? - YES: 15 NO: 2 I DON’T KNOW: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Did you know someone who committed suicide due to depression? - YES: 12 NO: 8 </li></ul><ul><li>Have you ever experienced depression? - YES: 11 NO: 6 I DON’T KNOW: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Do you know any warning signs of depression? - YES: 19 NO: 1 </li></ul>
Continued … <ul><li>Do you believe that depression is temporary? - YES: 10 NO: 10 </li></ul><ul><li>How many people, do you think, suffer from depression worldwide? A) 40,000 B) 500,000  C) 340 Million  D) 500 Million  </li></ul><ul><li>One in four women will suffer from depression. TRUE: 18 FALSE: 2 </li></ul>
Continued … <ul><li>Two-thirds of those who are depressed never seek treatment and suffer needlessly. TRUE: 20 FALSE: 0 </li></ul><ul><li>About 20% of teens will experience teen depression before they reach adulthood. TRUE: 17 FALSE: 3 </li></ul><ul><li>Males are more likely to suffer from depression than females. TRUE: 2 FALSE: 18 </li></ul>
Works Cited <ul><li>http://www.helpguide.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teendepression.org </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.about-teen-depression.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.teenhealthandwellness.com </li></ul><ul><li>http://www.webmd.com </li></ul>
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