Honour and duty in our lives: Very important in Edo society (Lord Asano and the 47 ronin) Honour and death were more important than law.
Tokugawa used the social structure to support his rule (feudalism) Social Controls: the rules and customs in a society that regulate people’s behavior - purpose: to maintain order Confucianism: important role in the acceptance of class distinctions (taught everyone they had a proper place in society) Modest/work and study hard/proper behavior/compassion
Ruler SubjectFather ChildrenHusband WifeOlder brother Younger brotherFriend FriendDuties and Obligations: Duties and Obligations:•To be a wise and just leader •To obey•To support and provide for the other •To respect•To protect the other •To honour
Samurai were masters of farmers, artisans, and merchants Used power to keep order Organized lower classes into groups of five families called goningumi (members were to help each other) Group members were responsible for the behavior of others in the group – all could be punished if one person was disobedient, disrespectful to a superior or did not work hard enough.
Shogunate used military and social controls to shape Edo society (developed a strong sense of identity) 1534 Age of European Exploration(50 years before Tokugawa Ieyasu united Japan) 1543 a Portuguese ship wrecked off the shore of a small Japanese island (traders) Came from a southerly direction so became known as “southern barbarians” Soon followed by Spanish, Dutch and British Traders and Christian missionaries.
First contacts were favorable however they had many cultural and religious differences. Portuguese society had been influenced by Renaissance values and ideals which favored competition/individuality/more flexible social structure
Francis Xavier, a Jesuit, arrived in Japan in 1549 to start missions to convert the upper classes, the daimyo and the samuai, to Christianity. Both the Japanese beliefs and Christianity had ethical codes (rules about right and wrong behavior) The Christian idea of one God was a new idea to the Japanese The Japanese believed in loyalty to daimyo, emperor, and the shogun Christians taught that a person’s spiritual loyalty should be to God in Heaven.