Chapter 3Early European Colonies
GLO- What are the social andeconomic factors affecting EuropeanImperialism?
Imperialism A policy of on the part of a ruler or government of one territory to dominate other territories   The Britis...
Colonies colony – a region claimed and  governed by a country from another  part of the world imperialism is the policy ...
Economic model for colonies European governments created a economic model for colonies to work off called MERCANTILISM  ...
Monopolies The complete control of a resource by one company Charter = a set of rules and privileges granted to a compan...
GLO – How was Imperialismresponsible for the developmentof Acadia, New France andBritish Settlements
Question and Answer Challenge You will be assigned to develop questions for either New France, 13 Colonies, or Rupert’s l...
Good and bad Questions Good questions require thought and decision  making bad questions require simple one word answers...
Scoring Criteria You will not be marked on your answers to your  questions You will mark each other on how good the  que...
In what ways did European Colonialismaffect the social and economicstructures of Aboriginal Societies?
The Beautiful Trail pressure to change   Religious pressure placed on First Nations to    change their religion in order...
Beaver Wars Pressure to Change   War with Haudenosaunee has devistated the    Kichesiprini peoples with war over trade  ...
Affect of Disease First Nations had no immunity to European diseases   the first nations faced epidemics of small pox,  ...
Brothers and Enemies Pressure to change   The French are at war with the Haudenosaunee    because the French are in thei...
GLO – How does imperialism affect the people living incolonies.We are going to explore the colonists of New France
Social Structure of New France Most important people were born into the Aristocracy  Aristocracy = wealthy ruling class ...
Sovereign Council Rulers of New France Included:   Governer – represented the King        controlled the military     ...
Frontenac 1672 was appointed governer of New France   was posted this because he was in the Aristocracy,   but was in de...
Habitants Farmers who lived on seigneuries   Seigneurs were people given large plots of land by    the King in New Franc...
Signueries
Marie Claude Chamois Read pages 92-93 Came to France as a “daughter of the King”   orphan, found shelter in a religious...
Merchants Shop owners in New France shops:   blacksmith   shoemaker   mason   baker   butcher Many where traders i...
Jean- Alexis Lemoine Read pages 99-100 What type of business did he own? How was he able to set it up?
Coureur de Bois Means runner in the woods someone who worked in the Fur Trade ran in the forest to trade with the First...
Voyageur Means traveler Men who travelled from New France to the trading posts and brought goods to the posts and furs b...
Pierre –Esprit Radisson Read page 96-97 Was a Courer de bois   Worked for both the British and the French,    however h...
Catholic Church Europe was embroiled in the division between  Protestants and Catholics Jesuits (Catholic Missionary Ord...
Marguerite d’Youville Read page 103 How did her work start the Grey Nuns?
Chapter 3 Review Do the review questions on page 104
Early european colonies
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Early european colonies

  1. 1. Chapter 3Early European Colonies
  2. 2. GLO- What are the social andeconomic factors affecting EuropeanImperialism?
  3. 3. Imperialism A policy of on the part of a ruler or government of one territory to dominate other territories  The British and French Governments had a policy to colonize North America, claim it’s land and resources and use it to further their sphere of influence in Europe
  4. 4. Colonies colony – a region claimed and governed by a country from another part of the world imperialism is the policy and colony is the result They where the site of power by which European countries could control their newly claimed land
  5. 5. Economic model for colonies European governments created a economic model for colonies to work off called MERCANTILISM  Natural resources are cheap (furs)  manufactured goods are expensive (hats)  This made European countries profitable
  6. 6. Monopolies The complete control of a resource by one company Charter = a set of rules and privileges granted to a company by a King or Government  European governments would give monopolies on certain lands to a company in exchange the merchant created and ran a permanent settlement  The companies make money, they get taxed and the government get’s their interests in the New World Expanded
  7. 7. GLO – How was Imperialismresponsible for the developmentof Acadia, New France andBritish Settlements
  8. 8. Question and Answer Challenge You will be assigned to develop questions for either New France, 13 Colonies, or Rupert’s land  Generate one good question for each of the following concepts  Cause and effect  Geographical challenges, or issues  Challenges of coexistence  demographics  Imperialism  Economic structure  Social structure  After you are done creating a question, you will exchange it with 2 partners who worked on a different topic
  9. 9. Good and bad Questions Good questions require thought and decision making bad questions require simple one word answers  ex. What caused France to lose control of Acadia?  ex. When did France lose control of Acadia?  You can use the map and timeline to generate your questions  Better questions use words like:  compare, contrast, outline, create, design, revise, judge, decide, choose, value  Also look at page 75 for ideas
  10. 10. Scoring Criteria You will not be marked on your answers to your questions You will mark each other on how good the question was So when this is completed I will collect from each group a score for each others questions Scoring Criteria  1 – questions are simple and requires one word answers  2 – questions are simple but require point form answers  3 – questions are good (use key words) and require point form answers  4 – questions are good (use key words) and require
  11. 11. In what ways did European Colonialismaffect the social and economicstructures of Aboriginal Societies?
  12. 12. The Beautiful Trail pressure to change  Religious pressure placed on First Nations to change their religion in order to create a greater tie to Europe  First Nations believed this would create more equality between them and Europeans, improve relations Possible effects  better ties with European nations  thought of as a civilized nation, they would not be invaded  loss of their own spiritual identity
  13. 13. Beaver Wars Pressure to Change  War with Haudenosaunee has devistated the Kichesiprini peoples with war over trade aggreements  the Haudenosaunee can not trade for manufactured goods because they have no aggreement  War and disease has devistated the Kichesiprini  They look for safety from the French, but must become Catholic to get it Possible Effects  convert and gain safety, but lose spiritual and personal rights  do not convert and many will die, but remain free
  14. 14. Affect of Disease First Nations had no immunity to European diseases  the first nations faced epidemics of small pox, measles and tuberculosis  I have heard estimates from historians that 90% of the First Nations population died due to European diseases  Reason, when they got sick, no one to take care of them  Old likely to get sick first and children  Old people where their leaders, and contained all their cultural knowledge
  15. 15. Brothers and Enemies Pressure to change  The French are at war with the Haudenosaunee because the French are in their territory and would not trade with them  The Haudensosaunee have to adopt other peoples into their tribe because they have lost so many to disease and war fare  They must ally with the Europeans in order to survive, because they need the guns Possible Effects  They adopt so many differing nationalities they lose their own  They continue war fare could lead to their deaths
  16. 16. GLO – How does imperialism affect the people living incolonies.We are going to explore the colonists of New France
  17. 17. Social Structure of New France Most important people were born into the Aristocracy  Aristocracy = wealthy ruling class (land owners)  Merchants were often wealthy but did not own land  Church was important as well  influence on the King  moral direction of people(some of the time)  took care of the people (education, hospitals)
  18. 18. Sovereign Council Rulers of New France Included:  Governer – represented the King  controlled the military  diplomat to the First Nations  Intendant – chief adminstrator  ran the day to day tasks  responsible for colonies basic needs and making it less dependent on France  looked for ways to exploit the colony for France benefit  Bishop of Quebec – representation of the Catholic Church  responsible for moral guidence
  19. 19. Frontenac 1672 was appointed governer of New France  was posted this because he was in the Aristocracy, but was in debt, to keep his land he had to accept this appointment  this was not a good appointment  how can you tell that from the story at the top of page 89?
  20. 20. Habitants Farmers who lived on seigneuries  Seigneurs were people given large plots of land by the King in New France  Land lords – often part of the nobility, could be commoners, many were soldiers  To keep the land, they had to recruit settlers to farm the land, inhabitants or “Habitants”  In exchange for the rights to farm habitants had to :  clear the land, plant crops, build a house and pay the seigneur’s to grind their grain into flour ontop of farming the seigneurs land as well  some gave up and became fur traders
  21. 21. Signueries
  22. 22. Marie Claude Chamois Read pages 92-93 Came to France as a “daughter of the King”  orphan, found shelter in a religious order or government institution for the needy  daughters of the King where provided with a dowry which paid for the girls to get across the Atlantic so they could marry Soldiers and Habitants of New France  what was her life like in New France?  was this an improvement?
  23. 23. Merchants Shop owners in New France shops:  blacksmith  shoemaker  mason  baker  butcher Many where traders in the fur industry  shipped goods between France and New France  bought the furs from the trappers and shipped them to France
  24. 24. Jean- Alexis Lemoine Read pages 99-100 What type of business did he own? How was he able to set it up?
  25. 25. Coureur de Bois Means runner in the woods someone who worked in the Fur Trade ran in the forest to trade with the First Nations Worked independently at first Eventually the French Government made this illegal (they where not making profits off of these guys) they continued any way, even sold to the British  werent the British and French at war with one another?
  26. 26. Voyageur Means traveler Men who travelled from New France to the trading posts and brought goods to the posts and furs back to New France
  27. 27. Pierre –Esprit Radisson Read page 96-97 Was a Courer de bois  Worked for both the British and the French, however he was French  Early on to his life in New France he was captured by First Nations tribe and adopted by one of their families  why?  First European to explore and trade furs west of Lake Superior  French arrested him, why?  British used his information to form the Hudson Bay Company
  28. 28. Catholic Church Europe was embroiled in the division between Protestants and Catholics Jesuits (Catholic Missionary Order) came to New France in the early 1600’s to convert First Nations  They are the major source of information about First Nations before European conquest Church was also responsible for:  running schools  hospitals  orphanages They also where part of the ruling class
  29. 29. Marguerite d’Youville Read page 103 How did her work start the Grey Nuns?
  30. 30. Chapter 3 Review Do the review questions on page 104
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