Chpt 8 notes


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Chpt 8 notes

  1. 1. Aztecs Chapter 8For the Good of the People
  2. 2. Aztec Social Hierarchy How did the structure of the Aztec society tell us what was important to the Aztec people? Theme%2023--Aztec_social_hierarchy.htm
  3. 3. Aztec Social Hierarchy No matter what class you were born into, you could rise in the ranks to nobility Warriors could rise to the greatest levels even if they were only a poor peasant to begin – Then, you could become emperor because they were chosen from the nobles
  4. 4. The Emperor Read page 171 Moctezuma was emperor when the Spanish arrived He had the title of “Great Speaker” – Treated like a god, obeyed without question – Commander of the army – Head of state – Chief Priest
  5. 5. The Emperor aztecheaddress.gif
  6. 6. Family Clans Organized into units called Calpolli (Call- POLE-lee) – Live in the same neighbourhood and worshipped at same temple – Could be based on the work that people did  Goldsmiths could make up one, feather makers, etc.  Elected a captain and council  Assigned land and houses to its residents
  7. 7. Merchants Made up richest calpolli in Tenochtitlan – Trading expeditions – Brought back luxuries, goods, and acted as spies – Helped for planning during war – Sold goods in the markets – Paid taxes on their profits
  8. 8. Farmers Skilled hunters and fishers, as well as growing crops – Sold in the market as well as keeping for themselves – Gave up a share of their produce in taxes – Useful service that helped state to survive – Helped with projects for state
  9. 9. Artisans Demand for finer things in life – Clothes, art, gold, jewelery, etc. – Mask makers, goldsmiths, and feather workers – Quetzal birds were in high demand  Only members of nobility could wear the feather  Sacred feathers, associated with Quetzalcoatl  Obtained by tribute as well from-an-Account-of-Aztec-Crafts-in-Central-Mexico-Mid-16th- Century-Posters_i1742274_.htm
  10. 10. Aztec Education- Calmecac What they studied in  What they trained to their schools be (careers) – Generals in the army – Astronomy/Astrology – Judges – Mathematics – Priests – Reading – Scribes – Writing – High government – Music officials – Diplomats – Law – Teachers – Calendar
  11. 11. Other schools for Aztecs Military training – All boys were trained to be warriors – Serve as a servant for soldier to follow army – At 18: became an active warrior For commoners – Called “telpochcalli”  Did not need to learn to read and write  Oral lessons  Music, physical labor (for boys), and home skills (for girls)
  12. 12. Other schools for Aztecs (cont.) Educating Aztec women – Little political power, but had a good education  Every girl regardless of rank attended school  Around 16 she was married  Some women went to army as doctors and healers  Some were priestesses  Some were matchmakers or midwives
  13. 13. Aztec Society  Focused on producing good citizens – Part of the young person’s education Virtues of ideal Aztec CitizenCourage Self-sacrifice Modesty Clean Living ObedienceAztecs were The group was No one, not even People had to keep Everyone had toexpected to show considered more the greatest warrior, themselves healthy obey superiorscourage and deal important than the was to boast about and avoid over- without question,with hardships individual. Every personal indulging in food because this helpedwithout complaining, Aztec had to be achievements or do and drink. The preserve the socialbecause it made the willing to sacrifice anything else to Aztecs punished strong. possessions, stand out from the harshly what they comfort, even life crowd. considered evil itself for the good of behaviour. society.
  14. 14. Laws and Lawmaking Had written laws – Reminded people of their responsibilities as citizens – Nobles and the emperor were required to obey the laws too – Nobles were actually often judged harsher because they set a good example for others – Could appeal decisions from lower court to the high court and even to the emperor – Aztecs did not have prisons, so the punishment was often serious (slavery or fines for lesser crimes, theft and murder was a death sentence)
  15. 15. Slavery Aztec slaves performed necessary work! – Laws protected them as well – If they were beaten to death, the noble could be executed – If the slaves could escape from the slave marketplace and run to the emperor’s palace, they won their freedom  1. Not shameful to be a slave (just bad luck)  2. Not permanent (children born to slaves were free)
  16. 16. Slavery
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