Aztec CivilizationChp 7- The People of the Sun
Who are the People of the Sun? Who are we? In what ways do a group’s beliefs and  experiences contribute to their identi...
Who are the People of the Sun? What do you know about them? Where are they from?                www.partt.org/ mexican_f...
Geography Can you imagine an Alberta without  mountains? Without oil? What would our culture be like?
What did the Aztecs do? They left their old home and came to a  completely new one They built in the mountains on very  ...
The Leaning Tower of Pisa
Venice         www.wikinfo.org/index.php/Venice
Mexico City is sinking!   Mid century: 48 cm per a year!   Currently, 2.5 cm per a year on average   Since 1900, it has...
Aqueducts Needed to bring fresh water into the  city for the Aztecs to survive Built aqueducts These were also used in ...
Elevation Edmonton is 668 M above sea level Tenochtitlan is 2240 M above sea level    –   How could this affect their li...
Agriculture   Chinampa: “Floating islands”    –   In the mountains    –   Stakes were put into soil    –   Then reed mats...
Make a table: Break into groups of 3               Aztec        CanadaMaps and mapmakingWar andempireAgricultureTrade
What did you come up with?               Aztec                   CanadaMaps and map   - Believed they were               c...
The Sacred Landscape   Aztec gods    –   Believed the gods controlled all aspects of        their lives    –   Looked at ...
Huitzilopochtli   Pronounced “whets-eel-oh-POCH-tlee”    –   He encouraged the Aztecs to leave their        homeland and ...
Huitzilopochtli                  http://en.wikipedia.org                     /wiki/Image:Huitzil                     opoch...
Tezcatlipoca   Pronounced “Tez-cah-tlee-POH-kah”    –   Considered most powerful of the gods    –   Saw visions of the fu...
Tezcatlipoca               http://en.wiki                  pedia.org/                  wiki/Imag                  e:Black_...
Quetzalcoatl   Pronounced “ket-zal-COH-ahtl”    –   God of wind    –   “Feathered serpent”    –   Was to come back in the...
Quetzacoatl              http://en.              wikipedia.              org/wiki/I              mage:Qu              etza...
Tlaloc   Pronounced “TLAH-lzok”    –   God of rain    –   Unleashed the floods or cause droughts    –   Gave life and sub...
Tlaloc         http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlaloc
Human Sacrifice   Why?    –   To the Aztecs, killing another person as a        sacrifice was an honor    –   The victim’...
Tenochtitlan: Centre of the World   Like many ancient philosophers: the    earth was believed to be a round flat    disc ...
Tenochtitlan: Center of the World   In the center of the city was the Great    Temple    –   Dedicated to Tlaloc and Huit...
Expanding the Empire   The Aztecs had an attitude    –   Attitude to other cultures that is    –   Believed they were cen...
Expanding through trade   Why would the Aztecs need to trade?    –   Haven’t we seen their superior farming methods?    –...
Expanding through trade   Needed to trade!    –   Took hundreds of slaves with them on        trading expeditions to carr...
Expanding through war   http://www.precolumbianjade.com/images/aztec_26   .jpg
Expanding through war   Huitzilopochtil ancient prophecy:    –   “We shall conquer all the people in the        universe....
Expanding through war   Warrior society    –   Prepared from birth to be warriors (boys)    –   Compulsory service in mil...
Expanding through war Are young Canadians willing to die for  Canada in a war? How do Canadians respond when  Canadian p...
Tribute   Collected tributes from conquered groups    –   Gifts, taxes, food, etc.    –   Cotton blankets, strings of jad...
Cocoa Beans   http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/uploadim              ages/ans_21_01_2.jpg
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  • Turn to page 157
  • Aztec calendar – p. 160
  • p. 159
  • p. 161-162 assign 162 questions
  • p. 163
  • Chpt 7 notes

    1. 1. Aztec CivilizationChp 7- The People of the Sun
    2. 2. Who are the People of the Sun? Who are we? In what ways do a group’s beliefs and experiences contribute to their identity? – Traditions – Food – Celebrations – Christmas – Moving
    3. 3. Who are the People of the Sun? What do you know about them? Where are they from? www.partt.org/ mexican_flag.html
    4. 4. Geography Can you imagine an Alberta without mountains? Without oil? What would our culture be like?
    5. 5. What did the Aztecs do? They left their old home and came to a completely new one They built in the mountains on very swampy land Mexico City (Tenochtitlan) is sinking now because of the land and human error What else is sinking?
    6. 6. The Leaning Tower of Pisa
    7. 7. Venice www.wikinfo.org/index.php/Venice
    8. 8. Mexico City is sinking! Mid century: 48 cm per a year! Currently, 2.5 cm per a year on average Since 1900, it has sunk 9 meters! That’s a 3 storey building Natural springs under city were exhausted, the soil collapsed because the aquifer under the city was drained faster than it was filled Subway system built in the 1960’s is now more like a roller coaster track
    9. 9. Aqueducts Needed to bring fresh water into the city for the Aztecs to survive Built aqueducts These were also used in Ancient RomeGoogle.com
    10. 10. Elevation Edmonton is 668 M above sea level Tenochtitlan is 2240 M above sea level – How could this affect their living?  Flash floods  Violent weather  What else? Built a dam to avoid flash flooding Terraced their fields, which kept water from running off and made use of space
    11. 11. Agriculture Chinampa: “Floating islands” – In the mountains – Stakes were put into soil – Then reed mats were stacked on top and soil was piled on top of that until it became a mini farm. Trees were planted in the corners to anchor it in place – Then they planted flowers and vegetables  Corn, chili peppers, squash, beans, tomatos
    12. 12. Make a table: Break into groups of 3 Aztec CanadaMaps and mapmakingWar andempireAgricultureTrade
    13. 13. What did you come up with? Aztec CanadaMaps and map - Believed they were center of world - North on maps, 2nd biggest country inmaking worldWar and - Location allowed them to defeat - Canada has challenges with a longempire neighbours undefended coastline - Spanish made - During Cold War, alliance with Aztec’s between USA and neighbors Soviet UnionAgriculture - Location allowed them to produce - Vast agricultural lands allowed massive surplus foods agricultural sectorTrade - Trade both - Connected to Atlantic necessitated and made and Pacific possible by limited range of food and goods available
    14. 14. The Sacred Landscape Aztec gods – Believed the gods controlled all aspects of their lives – Looked at them for how to live – Four main gods – There was over 100 gods – Polytheistic society
    15. 15. Huitzilopochtli Pronounced “whets-eel-oh-POCH-tlee” – He encouraged the Aztecs to leave their homeland and settle in the valley of Mexico – The sign he gave them was an eagle perched on a cactus (flag of Mexico) – He needs the blood of sacrificial victims to give him strength – Battled with Tezcatlipoca
    16. 16. Huitzilopochtli http://en.wikipedia.org /wiki/Image:Huitzil opochtli_tellerano.j pg
    17. 17. Tezcatlipoca Pronounced “Tez-cah-tlee-POH-kah” – Considered most powerful of the gods – Saw visions of the future – Ruler of the night sky – Often involved in creation myths – In a constant struggle with Huitz – Main temple in Tenochtitlan was for him
    18. 18. Tezcatlipoca http://en.wiki pedia.org/ wiki/Imag e:Black_T ezcatlipoc a.jpg
    19. 19. Quetzalcoatl Pronounced “ket-zal-COH-ahtl” – God of wind – “Feathered serpent” – Was to come back in the year “One-reed” and this year would be the destruction of the Aztec Empire – God of priests
    20. 20. Quetzacoatl http://en. wikipedia. org/wiki/I mage:Qu etzalcoatl _tellerian o2.jpg
    21. 21. Tlaloc Pronounced “TLAH-lzok” – God of rain – Unleashed the floods or cause droughts – Gave life and substance, but could destroy it easily with weather – Needed to keep him happy so they could survive
    22. 22. Tlaloc http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tlaloc
    23. 23. Human Sacrifice Why? – To the Aztecs, killing another person as a sacrifice was an honor – The victim’s blood nourished the gods and appeased them, without it, they would get angry or die: World would end! – From 1446-1453: numerous natural disasters affected the people (droughts, early frosts, floods, etc)  Aztecs were starving, emigrated from Mexico, sold their children, anything to get food  Tlacaelel (ruler at time) announced that human sacrifice would save them. In 1453, abundant rain followed.
    24. 24. Tenochtitlan: Centre of the World Like many ancient philosophers: the earth was believed to be a round flat disc – In the very middle, sat Tenochtitlan, courtesy of the Aztec gods – In four sections: connected to mainland by three large causeways – Acqueducts and canals ran through it – Did not require animals for transport – Sat in the mountains, because they believed it was closer to the gods
    25. 25. Tenochtitlan: Center of the World In the center of the city was the Great Temple – Dedicated to Tlaloc and Huitzilopochtli – Wealth came into city because of wars and tributes from neighbouring cities
    26. 26. Expanding the Empire The Aztecs had an attitude – Attitude to other cultures that is – Believed they were centre of the world, so they came into conflicts – Very disciplined, independent, and resourceful – Used conquering through war and trade to expand their empire
    27. 27. Expanding through trade Why would the Aztecs need to trade? – Haven’t we seen their superior farming methods? – Think about what you eat on a daily basis and what you like to eat as a luxury Tenochtitlan was high in the mountains, 2000 metres above sea level – Even with their skills, they could not produce avocados, papayas, and cacao to name a few. These grew by the coast, something they didn’t have – Nor did they have their colorful birds, gold or silver
    28. 28. Expanding through trade Needed to trade! – Took hundreds of slaves with them on trading expeditions to carry everything back – Could be gone for months! – Also acted as spies, drawing maps of cities that could be conquered – Helped to expand Page 166: FastForward
    29. 29. Expanding through war http://www.precolumbianjade.com/images/aztec_26 .jpg
    30. 30. Expanding through war Huitzilopochtil ancient prophecy: – “We shall conquer all the people in the universe. I will make you lords and kings of every place in the world.” – By the time the Spanish came, the Aztecs had an empire larger than any other in North America – Their society was more important than the individual in it. – FOR THE GREATER GOOD!
    31. 31. Expanding through war Warrior society – Prepared from birth to be warriors (boys) – Compulsory service in military – Lack of courage threatened the state, it was unacceptable What is conscription? – Military Act 1917 in Canada – 1944: Conscription if necessary, but not necessarily conscription (Mackenzie King)
    32. 32. Expanding through war Are young Canadians willing to die for Canada in a war? How do Canadians respond when Canadian peacekeepers are killed while carrying out UN duties? Would young Canadians consider it an honour to die as a human sacrifice meant to appease a violent god?
    33. 33. Tribute Collected tributes from conquered groups – Gifts, taxes, food, etc. – Cotton blankets, strings of jade beans, cocoa beans Cocoa beans were very important – Made a drink from it with chili peppers – Used as currency – Would grind it to a paste, then mix with water: called “xocoatl”--> Spanish changed it to chocolate, which they brought back to Europe
    34. 34. Cocoa Beans http://www.mexicolore.co.uk/uploadim ages/ans_21_01_2.jpg
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