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  • 1. Chapter 10Western Expansion and the National Policy
  • 2.  In America’s effort to expand the west they went to war and conquered the First Nations When Canada decided to expand west they signed a series of treaties with the First Nations, because they wanted to avoid the high cost of lives and money that goes with a war Some say this what distinguishes us from Americans, others say our injustices were with words and not swordsTreaties With First Nations
  • 3.  Starting in 1871 Canada started signing treaties with the First Nations in Rupert’s land in order to gain ownership of land and peace with First Nations in order to lay the National Railway ◦ so they signed treaty 1 first in 1871 and treaty 2 right after and so on until treaty 11 in 1921Treaty by Number
  • 4. Copy of Treaty 7
  • 5.  Go through the treaty and find any place where you think the deal is better for First Nations and where you think it is better for Canada and record it in a T-Chart Highlight or mark up where you find things in the T-Charts by number your T – chart and the treaty
  • 6. FN Canada 1. Location of land does not make sense 2. FN not given enough land to hunt or farm
  • 7.  Based on the results of your T-Charts who do you think benefited the most from the FN treaties?
  • 8.  Canada viewed the treaty as way to gain ownership of land First Nations had no concept of ownership of land and thought they were making a deal to share the land First Nations kept oral histories of the events and Canada’s government kept written records, there is a difference between the 2 and Canada would only believe the written record. Some people believe Canada left stuff out of the written record even though they agreed to something orallyFirst Nations View of Treaty VS.Canada’s View
  • 9.  First Nations viewed the treaties as a way to preserve their culture in an era that was forcing change on them and thought the treaties would be permanent Canada’s government saw the treaties as a way to assimilate First Nations, get them to adopt British ways. Canada did not think of the treaties as permanent because they thought First Nation culture was not permanentFirst Nations View of Treaty VS.Canada’s View
  • 10.  Education Health care Reserves – Land set aside for exclusive use by First Nations Rights to Hunt and Fish on all lands at all times Farming assistance – tools and seeds Payments – small annual sums of moneyWhat the Treaties Promised
  • 11.  To what extent did cultural differences complicate treaty negotiations? Was the Canadian government and First Nations people fully aware of these differences? What if this was happening today with Canadians and Americans?
  • 12.  Were created by the government to fullfill the promise of education for First Nations declared in the treaties ◦ The schools would separate First Nation children from families ◦ would only allow First Nations children to use the English language and British cultural norms Read page 313 and answer the respond questionsResidential Schools -
  • 13.  Read page 314 and answer the respond questions
  • 14.  Chapter task The Canadian government has hired your advertising agency to promote immigration to Canada’s Western Frontier in accordance with the New National Policy ◦ Create a poster or radio add to promote expansion to Canada’s west ◦ Make sure you add is exciting and tries to use all 3 points of the National Policy if possible ◦ Attach a paragraph explaining your add campaigns goals, where they will be distributed in the world and why you placed the things you did in your add campaign
  • 15.  read page 315 and answer the respond questions
  • 16.  read page 320The National Policy
  • 17.  read page 321 and answer the respond questions read pages 322 and 323 and answer the respond questionChinese rail workers
  • 18.  read page 324 to 325 and answer the following question do you think the “behind the scenes” comments were accurate opinions? do you agree with those opinions?Rail way Finished
  • 19.  read page 326 and 327 and answer the respond questions Read 328 and 329 and answer the respond questions read page 331 and answer the respond questions read pages 332-333 and 336-337 and answer the following question ◦ Is their any similarities between the Canadien and Eastern European immigrants to the other different cultural immigrants to the west?Immigration to the West
  • 20.  Read pages 340-341 and answer the respond questionsAlberta and Saskatchewan formed
  • 21.  Chapter task The Canadian government has hired your advertising agency to promote immigration to Canada’s Western Frontier in accordance with the New National Policy ◦ Create a poster or radio add to promote expansion to Canada’s west ◦ Make sure you add is exciting and tries to use all 3 points of the National Policy if possible ◦ Attach a paragraph explaining your add campaigns goals, where they will be distributed in the world and why you placed the things you did in your add campaign